This Day in History - September 19

September 19

1356 – Prince Edwards defeats the French at Poitiers during the landmark battle of the Hundred Years’ War

1544 – A 20-year war is ended when Francis, the king of France and Charles V of Austria sign a peace treaty in Crespy, France

1692 – Giles Cory is pressed to death in Salem, Massachusetts for remaining mute and refusing to answer the charges of witchcraft that are brought against him. He is the only person in America to have suffered this cruel punishment

1777 – American troops under General Horatio Gates meet British troops led by General John Burgoyne at Saratoga Springs, NY during the Revolutionary War

1783 – The first hot-air balloon is sent aloft in Versailles, France with animal passengers aboard such as a sheep, rooster, and duck

1788 – Charles de Barentin becomes Lord Chancellor of France

1802 – Hungarian journalist, lawyer, and politician, Lajos Kossuth, is born

1827 – In the Old West, Jim Bowie disembowels a banker in Alexandria, Louisiana, with an early version of his famous Bowie knife, after a duel with the banker turns into a brawl

1841 – The first railway spanning a frontier is completed between Strasbourg and Basel in Europe

1862 – Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price at Luka in northern Mississippi during the Civil War

1863 – During the Civil War, the 2-day Battle of Chickamauga begins in Georgia as Union troops under George Thomas fight Confederates under Nathan Bedford Forrest

1881 – President James A. Garfield dies of complications from gunshot wounds

1893 – New Zealand makes history becoming the first nation to grant women the right to vote

1894 – Novelist and playwright, Rachel Field, is born

1900 – President Emile Loubet of France pardons Jewish army captain Alfred Dreyfus, twice court-martialed and wrongly convicted of spying for Germany

1904 – Educator and author, Bergen Evans, is born

1911 – Novelist, William Golding, is born

1915 – Canadian pathologist, Elizabeth Stern, is born

1918 – American troops of the Allied North Russia Expeditionary Force tangle with Soviet troops near the town of Seltso during World War I

1918 – British forces in Palestine renew their offensive against the Turks north of Jerusalem, beginning with the capture of Megiddo, the city mentioned in the Bible as a site of the Battle of Armageddon during World War I

1926 – Japanese Nobel Prize-winning physicist Masatoshi Koshiba is born

1927 – Singer, Helen Carter, is born

1928 – Actor, Adam West, is born

1930 – Photographer, Bettye Lane, is born

1932 – Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and syndicated columnist, Mike Royko, is born

1933 – Actor and musician, David McCallum, is born

1934 – Music entrepreneur and manager of The Beatles, Brian Epstein, is born

1934 – Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for the Lindbergh baby kidnap-murder

1940 – Composer, singer, songwriter, director, and actor, Paul Williams, is born

1941 – German bombers blast Leningrad and kill more than 1,000 Russians during World War II

1944 – English aviator, Guy Gibson, dies

1947 – Author and screenwriter, Tanith Lee, is born

1948 – Tony Award and Academy Award-winning actor, Jeremy Irons, is born

1948 – Moscow announces it will withdrawal soldiers from Korea by the end of the year

1949 – Model, Twiggy, is born

1949 – Co-founder of Innocence Project dedicated to using DNA testing to exonerate wrongly convicted, Barry Scheck, is born

1950 – Author, journalist, and co-host of ABC’s Good Morning America, Joan Lunden, is born

1955 – Rebels overthrow Argentina President, Juan Peron

1957 – The first nuclear underground test takes place in Nevada

1959 – Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, on a tour of Hollywood, learns he will not be allowed to visit Disneyland due to crowd safety concerns, and explodes with anger

1964 – Grammy and Country Music Association award-winning singer and songwriter, Trisha Yearwood is born

1966 – The Johnson administration comes under attack about its handling of the Vietnam War from several groups

1968 – American physicist who invented Xerography, Chester Carlson, dies

1969 – President Nixon announces the cancellation of the draft calls for November and December during the Vietnam War

1970 – First Glastonbury Festival of Contemporary Performing Arts is held near Pilton, Somerset, England, although at the time it was called the Pilton Festival

1972 – Armenian chess player and coach, Ashot Nadanian, is born

1973 – Carl XVI Gustaf becomes King of Sweden following the death of his grandfather King Gustaf VI Adolf

1973 – 26-year old musician Gram Parsons dies of an overdose of morphine and tequila. Two of his friends stashed his body in a borrowed hearse and drove it into the middle of the Joshua Tree National Park, doused it with gasoline and set it on fire, due to a pact the friends had made about being buried at the Joshua Tree

1974 – Actor, comedian, musician and TV host, Jimmy Fallon is born

1982 – The first documented emoticons are posted on Carnegie Mellon University Bulletin Board System by Scott Fahlman

1985 – Ten thousand are killed and over 30,000 injured by an earthquake in Mexico City

1985 – Parents Music Resource Center, started by Tipper Gore, lobbies for Parental Advisory stickers on music packaging

1985 – Italian journalist and author, Italo Calvino, dies

1988 – After sustaining a head injury in a scary accident, American diver, Greg Louganis, wins gold in the springboard competition at the Seoul Summer Olympics

1990 – Goodfellas opens in theaters

1991 – German hikers near the Austria-Italy border discover the naturally preserved mummy of a man from about 3,300 BC; As Europe’s oldest natural human mummy, he is dubbed Otzi the Iceman because his lower half was encased in ice

1994 – U.S. troops land unopposed in Haiti to oversee their transition to democracy

1995 – The Washington Post publishes a 35,000-word manifesto written by the Unabomber, with collaboration with The New York Times and Attorney General Janet Reno, because Theodore John Kaczynski, the Unabomber, stated the bombings would stop if they did so

1995 – Farmer and businessman, Orville Redenbacher, dies

2006 – A military coup in Bangkok revokes Thailand’s constitution and establishes martial law


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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