This Day in History - April 3

April 3

628 – Kavadh sues for peace with the Byzantines in Persia

1367 – John of Gaunt and Edward the Black Prince win the Battle of Najera in Spain

1559 – Phillip II of Spain and Henry II of France sign the Peace of Cateau-Cambresis, ending a series of wars between the Hapsburg and Valois dynasties

1776 – The Continental Congress gives privateers permission to attack any British ships

1783 – Writer Washington Irving is born

1817 – “Big Foot” Wallace, legendary Texas Ranger, is born

1822 – Clergyman and author Edward Everett Hale is born

1823 – Political boss in New York City, William Macy “Boss” Tweed is born

1837 – Nature writer John Burroughs is born

1842 – German astronomer Hermann Karl Vogel is born

1860 – The Pony Express connects St. Joseph, Missouri, California and Sacramento

1862 – Slavery is abolished in Washington, DC

1865 – Union forces occupy the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia

1882 – The outlaw Jesse James is shot in the back and killed by Bob Ford, his cousin

1885 – Gottlieb Daimler patents his engine design known as the “grandfather clock engine”

1888 – Singer Gertrude Bridget “Ma” Rainey is born

1897 – Pianist and composer Johannes Brahms dies

1898 – Publisher Henry Luce is born

1910 – Alaska’s Mount McKinley is climbed

1918 – The Allied Supreme War Council gives General Ferdinand Foch the position of commander in chief on the Western Front

1920 – F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre are married at St. Patrick’s Cathedral in New York City

1924 – Actor Marlon Brando is born

1924 – Singer and actress Doris Von Kappelhoff is born

1930 – Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, Helmut Kohl, is born

1930 – Ras Tafari becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia

1934 – British anthropologist known for working with African chimpanzees, Jane Goodall, is born

1936 – Bruno Hauptmann is executed for killing the Lindbergh baby

1940 – The Katyn massacre takes place, where Soviet troops murder 22,000 Polish nationals on orders from Joseph Stalin, and is considered to be the worst massacre of prisoners of war in history

1942 – The Japanese begin their assault on the US and Filipino troops at Bataan

1944 – The US Supreme Court rules that black citizens are eligible to vote in all elections, including primaries

1948 – President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan, reviving war-torn Europe

1950 – Composer Kurt Weill dies

1955 – The American Civil Liberties Union announces that it will defend Allen Ginsberg’s book Howl against obscenity charges

1958 – Photographer Francesca Woodman is born

1958 – Actor and producer Alec Baldwin is born

1961 – Actor, director and screenwriter Eddie Murphy is born

1966 – Three-thousand South Vietnamese Army troops lead a protest against the Ky regime in Saigon

1969 – Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces the US is moving to “Vietnamize” the war as fast as possible, meaning power would be transferred to the South Vietnamese as quickly as possible

1972 – The US on orders from President Nixon, prepares hundreds of fighter-bombers for possible air strikes to deal with the North Vietnamese invasion

1973 – The first public mobile phone call is placed in Manhattan between Motorola’s Martin Cooper and Bell Labs’ Joel Engel

1974 – 148 tornadoes hit the heartland of the US, killing 330

1984 – Coach John Thompson of Georgetown University becomes the first black coach to win a NCAA basketball tournament

1988 – Marco Lemieux wins the Art Ross Trophy as the NHL’s top scorer, besting Wayne Gretzky’s record by 168 points

1990 – Singer Sarah Vaughan dies

1991 – Author, playwright and critic Graham Greene dies

1996 – US Secretary of Commerce, Ronald Brown, is killed in plane crash near Croatia

1996 – Theodore John Kaczynski, aka the Unabomber, is arrested at his cabin near Lincoln, Montana. Kaczynski was faulted with setting off 16 bombs that killed three and injured 23 during an 18-year period

2004 – A suspect in Madrid’s March bombings blew himself and three others up

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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