This Day in History - May 13

May 13

1568 – At the Battle of Langside, the forces of Mary Queen of Scots are defeated by a confederacy of Scottish Protestants under James Stewart, the regent of her son, King James VI of Scotland

1607 – English colonists land near the James River in Virginia

1648 – Margaret Jones of Plymouth is found guilty of witchcraft and sentenced to hang

1717 – Austrian wife of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, Maria Theresa, is born

1729 – Henry William Stiegel, an early American glassmaker, is born

1779 – The War of Bavarian Succession ends

1787 – Arthur Phillip sets sail with eleven ships of criminals headed to Botany Bay, Australia

1807 – Land speculator, politician, jurist and Patriot Eliphalet Dyer dies

1830 – The Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president

1832 – French biologist Georges Cuvier dies

1842 – Composer Sir Arthur Sullivan is born

1846 – The US declares war on Mexico

1857 – Bacteriologist Ronald Ross is born

1861 – Britain declares its neutrality in the American Civil War

1863 – Union General Ulysses Grant advances toward the Mississippi capital of Jackson during a bold drive to take Vicksburg

1864 – The Battle of Resaca commences as Union General William Sherman fights towards Atlanta

1888 – Slavery is abolished in Brazil

1898 – Thomas Edison sues the American Mutoscope Company, claiming that the studio had infringed on his patent for the Kinetograph movie camera

1907 – Author Daphne du Maurier is born

1909 – The Giro d’Italia cycle race is held for the first time

1912 – Jazz pianist and composer Gil Evans is born

1912 – The Royal Flying Corps is established in England

1913 – Igor Sikorsky flies the first four-engine aircraft

1914 – World heavyweight champion boxer Joe Louis is born

1915 – Writer Edith Wharton writes about the war’s effect on France

1930 – Norwegian explorer, Nobel Prize-winning scientist and diplomat, Fridtjof Nansen dies

1940 – Travel writer Bruce Chatwin is born

1940 – Winston Churchill announces “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat” in his speech to Parliament, emphasizing that Britain’s aim in WWII must be “victory, victory at all costs, victory in spite of terror, victory however long, and hard the road may be”

1944 – Allied forces in Italy break through the German Gustav Line into the Liri Valley

1950 – Singer, songwriter, producer and pianist Stevie Wonder is born

1950 – The first Formula One World Championship season kicks off

1958 – French troops take control of Algiers

1958 – Vice President Richard Nixon’s car is attacked by an angry crowd and nearly overturned while traveling through Caracas, Venezuela on a goodwill trip

1964 – Actor, comedian, and liberal talk show host, Stephen Colbert is born

1968 – Peace talks between the US and North Vietnam begin in Paris

1972 – A fire breaks out at the Playtown Cabaret in Osaka, Japan, killing 118

1973 – The first “Battle of the Sexes” tennis match takes place between Bobby Riggs and Margaret Court-Riggs winning it, 6-2, 6-1

1975 – Country music musician and inventor of the western swing, Bob Wills, dies

1977 – American mobster Mickey Spillane dies

1981 – Pope John Paul II survives an assassination attempt by Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca, at St. Peter’s Square in Rome

1985 – Police begin evacuating people from their Osage Avenue, Philadelphia homes in order to prepare for a raid against MOVE, a radical cult group that had assembled an arsenal. By the end of the confrontation, eleven people were dead, and 61 homes had been burned down

1989 – Thousands of students begin a hunger strike on Tiananmen Square in Beijing, protesting corruption and anti-democracy

2001 – Indian author RK Narayan dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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