This Day in History - May 28

May 28

585 BC – A solar eclipse interrupts a battle outside Sardis in western Turkey between Medes and Lydians. The battle ends in a draw

1738 – Dr. Joseph-Ignance Guillotin, French inventor of the execution device which bears his name, is born

1754 – Lieutenant Colonel George Washington begins the Seven Years’ War

1759 – William Pitt the Younger, prime minister of England, is born

1779 – Irish poet, Thomas Moore, is born

1805 – Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned in Milan, Italy

1807 – Naturalist and educator Jean Agassiz, is born

1818 – Confederate general during the Civil War, PGT Beauregard, is born

1830 – Congress authorizes Indian removal from all states to the western Prairie

1843 – American author Noah Webster dies

1849 – English author and poet Anne Bronte dies

1863 – The 54th Massachusetts, a regiment of African-American recruits, leaves Boston, headed for Hilton Head, South Carolina

1859 –The French army launches a flanking attack on the Austrian army in Northern France

1863 – The most famous black regiment of the Civil War, the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, leaves Boston for combat in the South

1871 – The Paris commune is suppressed by troops from Versailles

1883 – Indian politician Vinayak Damodar Savarkar is born

1888 – American athlete Jim Thorpe is born

1900 – Britain annexes the Orange Free State in South Africa

1902 – Owen Wister’s The Virginian is published

1908 – British novelist Ian Fleming is born

1910 – Blues guitarist and singer T-Bone Walker is born

1912 – Australian writer Patrick White is born

1916 – Writer Walker Percy is born

1918 – In the first sustained American offensive of WWI, an Allied force captures the village of Cantigny, on the Somme River in France

1918 – Radio humorist Herb Shriner is born

1919 – Poet May Swenson is born

1923 – Austrian and Romanian composer, Gyorgy Ligeti, is born

1932 – Novelist and biographer Stephen Birmingham is born

1935 – Tortilla Flat, John Steinbeck’s first successful novel, is published

1936 – Poet and novelist Fred Chappell is born

1937 – Volkswagen is founded

1937 – Austrian psychologist Alfred Adler dies

1940 – Irish writer Maeve Binchy is born

1940 – Belgium surrenders to Germany

1944 – 107th Mayor of New York City, Rudy Giuliani is born

1953 – Melody, the first animated 3-D cartoon in Technicolor, premiers

1957 – National League owners vote unanimously to allow the New York Giants and Brooklyn Dodgers to move to San Francisco and Los Angeles, respectively

1961 – Amnesty International is founded

1965 – Methane gas causes a mine explosion near Dharbad, India, killing 375 and injuring hundreds more

1968 – Australian actress, producer, singer and songwriter Kylie Minogue is born

1972 – Edward VIII of UK dies

1986 – The US Court of Appeals upholds the conviction of writer R. Foster Winans for security fraud. As the author of “Heard on the Street,” a Wall Street Journal column, Winans agreed to give two brokers at Kidder Peabody inside information about his column

1987 – Matthias Rust, a 19-year-old amateur pilot from West Germany, takes off from Helsinki, Finland, traveling through more than 400 miles of Soviet airspace in a small Cessna and lands in Red Square by the Kremlin-proving a huge embarrassment to Soviet military

1991 – Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, falls to Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front forces, formally ending 17 years of Marxist rule

1998 – Actor and comedian Phil Hartman is shot to death by his troubled wife, Brynn, in a murder-suicide

1998 – Pakistan detonates five atom bombs in testing

2014 – Author and poet Maya Angelou dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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