This Day in History - June 27

June 27

1462 – Louis XII, King of France, is born

1682 – Charles XII, King of Sweden, is born

1743 – English King George II defeats the French at Dettingen, Bavaria

1775 – The Continental Congress dispatches Major-General Philip John Schuyler to Ticonderoga and Crown Point to examine troops and obtain intelligence on the Canadians and Indians of Canada

1829 – English scientist James Smithson dies leaving behind an interesting will.  He decreed that the whole of his estate would go to “the United States of America, to found at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institute, an Establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge.”  It is important to note, Smithson had never even visited the US.  The Smithsonian today is composed of 19 museums, including the National Air and Space Museum- the most visited museum in the world.  John Smithson is interred in a tomb in the Smithsonian Building

1831 – French mathematician, physician, and philosopher, Sophie Germain, dies

1833 – Prudence Crandall, a white woman, is arrested for conducting an academy for black women in Canterbury, Conn

1839 – Indian founder of the Sikh Empire, Ranjit Singh dies

1844 – Joseph Smith, the founder, and leader of the Mormon religion, is murdered by a mob

1846 – Founder of the Irish Parliamentary Party, Charles Stewart Parnell, is born

1862 – Confederates break through the Union lines at the Battle of Gaines’ Mill- the third engagement of the Seven Days’ campaign

1864 – General William Sherman is repulsed by Confederates at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

1869 – Lithuanian-born American anarchist and feminist, Emma Goldman, is born

1871 – The yen becomes the new currency in Japan

1872 – Black poet and writer, Paul Laurence Dunbar, is born

1874 – 28 buffalo hunters repulse a much larger attacking force of Indians at an old trading post in the Texas panhandle called Adobe Walls

1880 – American educator Helen Keller is born

1886 – Australian cricket player, Charlie Macartney, is born

1888 – Actress and director, Antoinette Perry, is born

1905 – The crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin mutinies

1913 – Novelist and playwright, Richard Bissell, is born

1913 – Professional billiards player, Willie Mosconi, is born

1914 – Colonel Edward House, a close adviser to US President Woodrow Wilson, meets with Foreign Secretary Edward Grey of Britain as part of a diplomatic tour

1918 – Two German pilots are saved by parachutes for the first time

1920 – Screenwriter, I.A.L. Diamond, is born

1922 – The American Library Association awards the first Newbery Medal for the years’ best children’s book, to The Story of Mankind by Hendrik Willem van Loon

1923 – Yugoslav Premier Nikola Pachitch is wounded by Serb attackers in Belgrade

1924 – Democrats offer Mrs. Leroy Springs the vice presidential nomination, the first woman considered for the job

1926 – Poet, Frank O’Hara, is born

1927 – Actor, Bob Keeshan, is born

1927 – The US Marines adopt the English bulldog as their mascot

1929 – Scientists at Bell Laboratories in New York reveal a system for transmitting television pictures

1939 – One of the most famous scenes in Gone with the Wind is filmed today: “Frankly, my dear…”

1940 – The Germans set up two-way radio communication in their newly occupied French territory, employing Enigma, their most sophisticated coding machine

1942 – The Allied Convoy PQ-17 leaves Iceland for Murmansk and Archangel

1944 – Allied forces capture the port city of Cherbourg, France, freeing it from German occupation

1950 – The UN Security Council calls on members for troops to aid South Korea

1953 – Writer, Alice McDermott, is born

1963 – Henry Cabot Lodge is appointed US ambassador to South Vietnam

1963 – President, John Kennedy, arrives in Ireland, becoming the first US president to do so

1968 – Elvis Presley tapes his famous TV “comeback special”

1968 – US forces begin to evacuate Khe Sanh

1969 – Ukrainian figure skater, Viktor Petrenko, is born

1973 – President Richard Nixon vetoes a Senate ban on the Cambodia bombing

1976 – A factory storekeeper in the Nzara township of Sudan becomes ill and will die five days later, beginning the world’s first recorded Ebola virus epidemic

1985 – The US House of Representatives votes to limit the use of combat troops in Nicaragua

1985 – Russian tennis player, Svetlana Kuznetsova, is born

1985 – The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials decertifies the iconic Route 66 and votes to remove all of its highway signs

1988 – Heavyweight champion Mike Tyson knocks out challenger Michael Spinks 91 seconds into the first round

1999 – 169th Prime Minister of Greece, Georgios Papadopoulos, dies

2001 – American actor, director, and singer, Jack Lemmon, dies



Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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