This Day in History - June 22

June 22

1377 – Richard II, who is still a child, begins his reign, following the death of his grandfather, Edward III

1558 – The French take Thionville from the English

1611 – The starving crew of the Discovery mutinies against its captain, English navigator Henry Hudson, and send him, his teenage son and seven supporters adrift in a small, open boat never to be seen again.  The ship had been spending winter trapped by ice in present-day Hudson Bay

1757 – English navigator George Vancouver is born

1772 – Slavery is outlawed in England

1775 – Congress issues $2 million in bills of credit- the Continental currency

1807 – British seaman board the USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to the War of 1812

1864 – Confederate General AP Hill turns back a Federal flanking movement at the Weldon Railroad near Petersburg, Virginia

1874 – English chess player, Howard Staunton, dies

1876 – General Alfred Terry sends Lieutenant Colonel George Custer to the Rosebud and Little Bighorn rivers to search for Indian villages

1876 – General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna dies in Mexico City

1887 – English biologist, Julian Huxley, is born

1898 – German novelist, Erich Maria Remarque, is born

1906 – Author and wife of Charles, Anne Morrow Lindbergh, is born

1906 – Film director, Billy Wilder, is born

1909 – Dancer, Katherine Dunham, is born

1910 – German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich announces a definitive cure for syphilis

1911 – King George V of England is crowned

1915 – Austro-German forces occupy Lemberg on the Eastern Front as the Russians retreat

1921 – Theater director and producer, Joseph Papp, is born

1925 – France and Spain agree to join forces against Abd el Krim in Morocco

1930 – Charles and Anne Morrow Lindbergh have a son

1933 – Adolf Hitler bans political parties in Germany other than the Nazis

1937 – Joe Louis floors Max Schmeling in the first round of the heavyweight bout at Yankee Stadium

1940 – France and Germany sign an armistice at Compiegne, on terms dictated by the Nazis

1940 – Iranian filmmaker and poet, Abbas Kiarostami, is born

1941 – Under the code-name Barbarossa, Germany invades the Soviet Union

1941 – Broadcast journalist, Ed Bradley, is born

1942 – A Japanese submarine shells Fort Stevens at the mouth of the Columbia River

1944 – President Franklin Roosevelt signs the “GI Bill of Rights” to provide broad benefits for veterans of the war

1945 – The US 10th Army overcomes the last major pockets of Japanese resistance on Okinawa Island, ending one of the bloodiest battles of WWII

1949 – Actress, Meryl Streep, is born

1950 – During the Red Scare, musicians Leonard Berstein, Aaron Copland, Lena Horne, Pete Seeger and Artie Shaw were named publicly as suspected Communist sympathizers

1953 – Singer, songwriter, actress, and producer, Cyndi Lauper, is born

1956 – The Battle for Algiers begins as three buildings in The Casbah are blown up

1962 – An Air France Boeing 707 crashes on the island of Guadeloupe, killing all 113 aboard

1964 – Author, Dan Brown, is born

1969 – Actress and singer, Judy Garland, dies

1970 – President Richard Nixon signs the 26th amendment, lowering the voting age to 18

1971 – South Vietnamese fight for Fire Base Fuller, the South Vietnamese garrison

1972 – US helicopters flew 18th Division troops to positions south of An Loc to replace badly battered 9th Division troops

1973 – Skylab astronauts splash down safely in the Pacific after a record 28 days in space

1980 – The Soviet Union announces a partial withdrawal of its forces from Afghanistan

1981 – Mark David Chapman pleads guilty to killing John Lennon

1986 – Argentine midfielder Diego Maradona scores two goals to lead Argentina past England and into the semifinals of the World Cup

1987 – Actor, singer, and dancer, Fred Astaire, dies

1989 – Opposing factions in Angola agree to a cease-fire to end the Angolan civil war

1993 – 39th First Lady of the US, Pat Nixon, dies

1995 – Nigeria’s former military ruler General Olusegun Obasanjo and his chief deputy are charged with conspiracy to overthrow General Sani Abacha’s military government

2008 – Comedian, writer, and actor, George Carlin, dies

2011 – James “Whitey” Bulger, a violent Boston mob boss wanted for 19 murders, is arrested in Santa Monica, California

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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