This Day in History - April 19

April 19

1539 – Emperor Charles V reaches a truce with German Protestants at Frankfurt, Germany

1666 – Diarist Sarah Kemble is born

1689 – Residents of Boston oust their governor, Edmond Andros

1721 – Singer of the Declaration of Independence, Roger Sherman is born

1764 – The English Parliament bans the American colonies from printing paper money

1770 – British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia

1775 – The American Revolution begins as fighting breaks out at Lexington, Massachusetts and the “shot heard around the world” was fired

1782 – The Netherlands recognize the US

1794 – Tadeusz Kosciuszko forces the Russians out of Warsaw

1802 – The Spanish reopen New Orleans port to American merchants

1809 – Former President Thomas Jefferson writes up the contract to sell indentured servant, John Freeman, to newly sworn-in President James Madison

1824 – English poet Lord George Byron dies of malaria at age 36 while aiding Greek independence

1832 – President James Garfield’s first lady, Lucretia Rudolph, is born

1861 – The Baltimore riots result in the deaths of four Union soldiers, and nine civilians- the first blood spilled in the Civil War

1861 – President Abraham Lincoln orders a blockade of Confederate ports

1876 – A Wichita, Kansas commission votes to not rehire Wyatt Earp, after he beat up a candidate for county sheriff

1877 – Inventor of the first successful outboard motor, Ole Evinrude, is born

1880 – The Times war correspondent telephones a report of the Battle of Ahmed Khel and is the first time news is sent from a field of battle in this manner

1882 – Naturalist and scientist, Charles Darwin dies

1897 – The first Boston Marathon is held

1900 – English novelist and playwright Richard Hughes is born

1902 – A series of earthquakes hit Western Guatemala killing over 2,000 and leaving 50,000 homeless

1903 – Treasury agent during Prohibition, Eliot Ness is born

1905 – British writer Tom Hopkinson is born

1909 – Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

1912 – Physicist Glenn T. Seaborg is born

1914 – Mathematician and scientist Charles Sanders Peirce dies

1919 – Tense negotiations begin at the Paris Peace Conference over Italy’s claims to territory in the former Austro-Hungarian Empire

1919 – Leslie Irvin makes the world’s first free-fall parachute jump

1927 – Hankow communists declare war on Chiang Kai-shek in China

1933 – Poet Etheridge Knight is born

1933 – The US went off the gold standard

1933 – Model, actress, and singer, Jayne Mansfield is born

1934 – Shirley Temple appears in her first movie

1937 – Actor and 13th President of the Philippines, Joseph Estrada is born

1938 – General Francisco Franco declares victory in the Spanish Civil War

1939 – Connecticut finally approves the Bill of Rights

1943 – The Warsaw Ghetto uprising against Nazi rule begins as Heinrich Himmler orders over 2,000 Waffen SS soldiers to fight against Jewish resistance

1949 – At the opening night of the spring edition of the famous Moscow Circus, clowns and magicians poke fun at US foreign policy

1952 – Boxer and politician in Nicaragua, Alexis Arguello is born

1960 – Baseball uniforms begin displaying the player’s names on their backs

1964 – Mario Andretti competes in his first Indy car race in Trenton, New Jersey

1967 – Air Force Major Leo K. Thorsness is awarded the Medal of Honor for his bravery when he destroyed two enemy surface-to-air missile sites and shot down a MiG-17 before escorting search-and-rescue helicopters to a downed aircrew.  He would not receive his medal until 1973 as he was shot down on April 30 of 1967 and held as a prisoner of war for six years

1967 – Chancellor of West Germany, Konrad Adenauer dies

1971 – Russia launches its first Salyut space station-the world’s first manned space station

1971 – Vietnam Veterans Against the War begin five-day demonstrations in Washington, DC

1977 – Alex Haley receives a special Pulitzer Prize for Roots, his book

1978 – Actor, director, producer and screenwriter James Franco is born

1982 – NASA names Sally Ride to be the first woman astronaut

1987 – The first installment of The Simpsons is aired

1987 – Tennis player Maria Sharapova is born

1989 – The battleship USS Iowa’s number 2 turret explodes, killing sailors

1989 – A 28-year old female investment banker is beaten and sexually assaulted while jogging in New York City’s Central Park, leading to the arrests of five male teens from Harlem, who confess but later claim their confessions were coerced.  In 2002, a serial rapist and convicted murderer came forward admitting to the crime from behind bars

1993 – The FBI ends a 51-day siege by storming the Branch Davidian religious cult headquarters in Waco, Texas which turned into an embarrassment for the FBI.  US Attorney General Janet Reno approved a tear-gas assault, and during this assault, a fire began which quickly spread.  David Koresh, the cult’s leader, and at least 80 of his followers died, including 22 children.  The survivors blamed the fire on FBI, and the FBI blamed it on the Branch Davidians

1995 – A truck bomb explodes in front of the federal building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people- including 19 children.  Timothy McVeigh was arrested for the crime, as were Terry Nichols, and Michael Fortier-as co-conspirators. McVeigh was convicted on 15 counts of murder and conspiracy and was sentenced to die by lethal injection.  Michael Fortier was sentenced to 12 years in prison and a $200,000 fine for failure to alert authorities about McVeigh’s bombing plans, and Terry Nichols was found guilty on one count of conspiracy and eight counts of involuntary manslaughter and was sentenced to life in prison.  McVeigh was put to death in Indiana on June 11, 2001

2004 – Biologist John Maynard Smith dies

2005 – Germany’s Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger becomes Pope Benedict XVI

2011 – Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba’s central committee after 45 years


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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