This Day in History - August 1

August 1

10 BC – Claudius, Roman Emperor, is born

902 – The Aghlabid rulers of Ifriqiyah, modern day Tunisia, capture Taormina, Sicily

1096 – The Crusaders under Peter the Hermit reach Constantinople

1464 – Piero de Medici succeeds his father, Cosimo, as ruler of Florence

1498 – Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sets foot on the American mainland for the first time in present-day Venezuela

1664 – The Turkish army is defeated by French and German troops at St. Gotthard, Hungary

1689 – James II’s siege of Londonderry, Ireland, ends in failure as his force suffered some 8,000 casualties to the defenders’ 3,600

1714 – Anne, Queen of Great Britain, dies

1740 – Thomas Arne’s song, “Rule Britannia,” is performed for the first time

1759 – British and Hanoverian armies defeat the French at the Battle of Minden, Germany

1770 – American explorer William Clark is born

1774 – Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen

1779 – Author of the “Star Spangled Banner,” Francis Scott Key, is born

1791 – Robert Carter III, a Virginia plantation owner, frees all 500 of his slaves in the largest private emancipation in US history

1798 – Admiral Horatio Nelson routs the French fleet in the Battle of the Nile at Aboukir Bay, Egypt

1801 – The American schooner Enterprise captures the Barbary cruiser Tripoli

1818 – The first female astronomer in the US, Maria Mitchell, is born

1819 – Author, Herman Melville, is born

1834 – Slavery is abolished throughout the British Empire

1864 – Union General Ulysses Grant gives general Philip Sheridan the mission of clearing the Shenandoah Valley of Confederate forces

1872 – The first long-distance gas pipeline in the US is completed from Newton Wells to Titusville, Pennsylvania

1873 – San Francisco’s first cable cars begin running, operated by Hallidie’s Clay Street Hill Railroad Company

1880 – Sir Frederick Roberts frees the British Afghanistan garrison of Kandahar from Afghan rebels

1893 – A machine for making shredded wheat breakfast cereal is patented

1914 – Germany declares war on Russia

1920 – Indian lawyer and social reformer, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, dies

1929 – Afghan politician, Hafizullah Amin, is born

1930 – French sociologist, Pierre Bourdieu, is born

1932 – Indian actress, Meena Kumari, is born

1936 – Fashion designer, Yves Saint Laurent, is born

1937 – The Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany becomes operational

1939 – Synthetic Vitamin K is produced for the first time

1941 – The Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo plane makes its first flight

1942 – Ensign Henry White, while flying a J4F Widgeon plane, sinks U-166 as it approaches the Mississippi River, the first U-boat sunk by the US Coast Guard

1942 – Singer, Jerry Garcia, is born

1943 – Over 177 B-24 Liberator bombers attack the oil fields in Ploesti, Romania, for a second time

1943 – A Japanese destroyer rams an American PT boat, No. 109, slicing it in two, and other boats in the area assume the crew is dead, when in fact only two died leaving another eleven.  Lieutenant John F. Kennedy, however, survives and is instrumental in saving ten other crewman

1944 – The Polish underground begins an uprising against the occupying German army, as the Red Army approaches Warsaw

1944 – Soviet cosmonaut, Yuri Romanenko, is born

1944 – 2nd President of the Philippines, Manuel L. Quezon, dies

1946 – President Harry Truman establishes the Atomic Energy Commission

1950 – Lead elements of the US 2nd Infantry Division arrive in Korea from the US

1951 – Musician and writer Jim Carroll is born

1952 – Professional golfer Nancy Lopez is born

1953 – Paramount Pictures releases Shane, which many critics consider to be the best western movie

1954 – The Geneva Accords divide Vietnam into two countries at the 17th parallel

1957 – US and Canada create North American Air Defense Command

1961 – The first park in the Six Flags chain of amusement parks, opens in Arlington, Texas

1964 – Arthur Ashe becomes the first black to play on the US Davis Cup tennis team

1966 – Charles Whitman kills 16 and wounds 31 while shooting from the Texas Tower at the University of Texas, before killing himself

1970 – American actress, Frances Farmer, dies

1971 – A severe flood of the Red River in North Vietnam kills an estimated 100,000

1972 – Future President George Walker Bush is suspended from flying with the Texas Air National Guard for missing an annual medical examination

1975 – The US, Canada, the Soviet Union, and every European nation except for Albania, sign the Helsinki Final Act

1981 – MTV goes on air for the first time

1988 – Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh begins his national radio show

1994 – Pope John Paul II receives a record-breaking advance for his book, Crossing the Threshold of Hope, of $8.75 million

1996 – Sprinter Michael Johnson breaks the world record in the 200 meters to win gold at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta

2004 – In Asuncion, Paraguay, a fire in the Ycua Bolanos V supermarket complex kills nearly 400 people and injures 500

2007 – The I-35W bridge at Minneapolis, Minnesota, collapses into the Mississippi River during evening rush hour, killing 13 people and injuring 145

2007 – Citibank opens China’s first drive-through automated teller machine in Beijing

2009 – 11th President of the Philippines, Corazon Aquino, dies


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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