This Day in History - February 3

February 3

1160 – Emperor Frederick Barbarossa forces Crema, Italy to surrender

1238 – The Mongols take over Vladimir, Russia

1451 – Sultan Mehmed II, the Conqueror inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire

1468 – German inventor Johann Gutenberg dies

1690 – The first paper money in America is issued in Massachusetts Bay Colony

1780 – Caleb Mallory, his wife, and grandchildren were killed in their Connecticut home by a boarder, Barnett Davenport.  Unprovoked, Davenport beat Mallory and his wife to death before looting then setting the home on fire, killing the others.  Davenport was sentenced to 40 lashings and was hanged

1781 – American General Nathanael Greene and his troops cross the Yadkin River, evading General Charles Cornwallis

1783 – Spain recognizes US’ independence

1809 – German composer and pianist Felix Mendelssohn is born

1811 – Founder of the New York Tribune Horace Greely is born

1820 – Vietnamese emperor Gia Long dies

1821 – First woman to receive an MD from a US medical school, Elizabeth Blackwell, is born

1830 – Prime Minister of the UK, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury is born

1865 – President Abraham Lincoln meets with a delegation of Confederate officials at Hampton Roads, Virginia to discuss a possible peace agreement, but Lincoln denied the delegation any concessions

1870 – The 15th Amendment granting blacks voting rights is ratified

1874 – Poet and novelist Gertrude Stein is born

1889 – Outlaw Belle Starr is shot in the back and killed

1894 – Artist and illustrator Norman Rockwell is born

1898 – Finnish architect Alvar Aalto is born

1904 – Colombian troops skirmish with US Marines in Panama

1907 – Novelist James Michener is born

1908 – The US Supreme Court rules that union-sponsored boycotts are illegal, applying the Sherman Antitrust Act to labor as well as capital

1909 – Philosopher Simone Weil is born

1912 – New US football rules are set, and the field is shortened to 100 yards

1913 – The 16th Amendment establishing federal income tax is ratified

1917 – A German submarine sinks the US liner Housatonic off of the coast of Sicily, forcing the US to severe diplomatic relations with Germany

1920 – The Allies demand that 890 German military leaders stand trial for war crimes

1924 – 28th President Woodrow Wilson dies

1927 – President Calvin Coolidge signs a bill creating the Federal Radio Commission to regulate the airwaves

1927 – American actor, director, and author Kenneth Anger is born

1935 – American singer and guitarist Johnny “Guitar” Watson is born

1943 – Finland begins talks with the Soviet Union

1944 – The US shells Japan’s homeland for the first time, and US troops capture the Marshall Islands

1945 – The Allies drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin

1945 – The month-long Battle of Manila begins

1950 – A German-born British scientist, Klaus Fuchs, who helped develop the atomic bomb, is arrested in Great Britain for passing top-secret information about the bomb to the Soviet Union

1953 – French oceanographer Jacques-Yves Cousteau publishes, The Silent World

1954 – Millions greet Queen Elizabeth in Sydney on her first royal trip to Australia

1955 – South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem introduces the first of a series of reform measures, starting with governing levels of rent for farmland

1959 – American rock stars Ritchie Valens, Buddy Holly and JP Richardson are killed when their plane crashes in Iowa.  Richardson, who had been ill with the flu, convinced future country music superstar Waylon Jennings, to give up his seat on the plane- an agreement that saved Jennings’ life

1961 – American actress Anna May Wong dies

1962 – President John Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba

1966 – Soviet Luna 9 achieves soft landing on the moon

1969 – Yasser Arafat becomes the leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization

1970 – The Senate Foreign Relations Committee opens hearings on the Nixon Administration’s handling of the war

1971 – OPEC sets oil prices without consulting buyers

1972 – The Iran Blizzard, the deadliest snowstorm in history, kills 4,000 and leaves the villages of Kakkan and Kumar without any survivors

1984 – The EPA orders a ban on the pesticide EDB for grain products

1985 – American physicist Frank Oppenheimer dies

1989 – Film director, writer, and actor John Cassavetes dies

1989 – Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay, is overthrown

1994 – US President Bill Clinton lifts the 19-year trade embargo against Vietnam

1998 – A US Marine jet flying too low over the town of Cavalese in the Italian Alps, severs a ski lift cable, sending the tram crashing to the ground, killing 20

1998 – The first woman to be executed in the US since 1984, Karla Faye Tucker, is executed in Texas by lethal injection.  Tucker participated in the gruesome bludgeoning and pickaxe murders of Jerry Dean and Deborah Thornton

2002 – The New England Patriots defeat the St. Louis Rams 20-17 in Super Bowl XXXVI at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans

2005 – Alberto Gonzales won Senate confirmation as the nation’s first Hispanic Attorney General, despite protests over his record on torture

2008 – The New York Giants, in one of the biggest upsets in Super Bowl history, beat the New England Patriots in Super Bowl XLII, 17-14

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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