This Day in History - August 6

August 6

1497 – John Cabot returns to England after his first successful journey to the Labrador coast

1637 – English writer Ben Jonson dies

1777 – 800 Patriots are ambushed as they attempt to relieve Fort Stanwix (Rome, New York) which was occupied by the British

1787 – Delegates to the Constitutional Convention begin debating the first complete draft of the proposed US Constitution

1809 – English poet laureate, Alfred Lord Tennyson, is born

1862 – The CSS Arkansas, the most feared Confederate ironclad on the Mississippi River, is blown up by her crew after suffering mechanical problems during a battle with the USS Essex near Baton Rouge, Louisiana

1863 – The CSS Alabama captures the USS Sea Bride near the Cape of Good Hope

1874 = Law officers kill Jim Reed, the first husband of the famous bandit queen Belle Starr

1881 – Scottish bacteriologist who discovered penicillin, Alexander Flemming, is born

1888 – Martha Turner is murdered by an unknown assailant, believed to be Jack the Ripper, in London

1889 – Commander of the US Fifth Air Force in New Guinea and the Solomons during WWII, Major General George Kenney is born

1890 – William Kemmler becomes the first man to be executed by electric chair

1902 – Arthur Flegenheimer, who will go on to become one of New York’s most feared criminals under the name “Dutch Schultz,” is born

1904 – The Japanese army in Korea surrounds a Russian army retreating to Manchuria

1911 – Actress and comedian, Lucille Ball, is born

1914 – Ellen Louise Wilson, the first wife of Woodrow Wilson, dies of Bright’s disease

1915 – Allied forces land at Suvla Bay on the Aegean Sea, to launch fresh attack against Turkish and German forces on the Gallipoli Peninsula during WWI

1916 – Pulitzer Prize-winning historian, Richard Hofstadter, is born

1926 – Gertrude Ederle becomes the first woman to swim the English Channel

1927 – A Massachusetts high court hears the final plea from Sacco and Vanzetti, two Italians convicted of murder

1927 – Pop artist, Andy Warhol, is born

1930 – New York Supreme Court Judge Joseph Force Crater vanishes on the streets of Manhattan near Times Square, forcing an investigation the captivated the nation and earned Crater the title of “the missingest man in New York.”  His disappearance is still a mystery, although a woman later declared that her husband had murdered him

1931 – American pianist and composer, Bix Beiderbecke, dies

1934 – Author, Piers Anthony Dillingham, is born

1942 – The Soviet city of Voronezh falls to the German army

1942 – Singer, songwriter, actor, and producer, Isaac Hayes, is born

1945 – Paul Tibbets, the commander of Enola Gay, drops the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima.  It was the second atomic bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, that induced the Japanese to surrender

1950 – US Navy commander and astronaut, Winston Scott, is born

1962 – Jamaica becomes independent after 300 years of British rule

1965 – President Lyndon Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act, outlawing the literacy test for voting eligibility in the South

1969 – The US Army announces that it will charge eight Green Berets with premeditated murder and conspiracy to commit murder in the summary execution of a Vietnamese national, Thai Khac Chuyen, who had served as an agent for Detachment B-57.  The case will later be dismissed

1969 – German sociologist and philosopher Theodor Adorno dies

1970 – Indian and American screenwriter, director and producer, M. Night Shyamalan is born

1971 – The first US Army ground combat unit to arrive in Vietnam, cease operations and begin preparations to leave Vietnam

1972 – Atlanta Brave’s right fielder Hank Aaron hits his 660th and 661st home runs, setting the Major League record for the most home runs by a player for a single franchise

1973 – 9th President of Cuba, Fulgencio Batista, dies

1973 – Singer and songwriter Stevie Wonder is in an automobile accident and goes into a four-day coma

1978 – Pope Paul VI dies

1979 – Twelve-year-old Marcus Hooper becomes the youngest person to swim the English Channel

1981 – Argentina’s ex-president, Isabel Peron, is freed from house arrest

1983 – Dutch football player, Robin van Persie, is born

1988 – A melee that became known as Tompkins Square Park Police Riot in New York City leads to NYPD reforms

1991 – Tim Berners-Lee publishes the first-ever website,

1991 – French automaker Peugeot announces it will stop producing cars in the US market after five years of steadily decreasing sales

1993 – Pope John Paul II publishes “Veritatis splendor encyclical,” regarding fundamentals of the Catholic Church’s role in moral teachings

1996 – George RR Martin’s “A Game of Thrones” is released

1997 – Microsoft announces it will invest $150 million in troubled rival Apple Computer, Inc

1997 – A Korean Air Boeing 747 crashes in Guam killing 228

2009 – Director, John Hughes, dies

2012 – New Zealand’s Mount Tongariro erupts for the first time since 1897

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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