This Day in History - March 30

March 30

240 BC – The first recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1432 – Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror is born

1492 – King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella sign a decree expelling all Jews from Spain

1719 – Author Sir John Hawkins is born

1775 – King George III endorses the New England Restraining Act, requiring New England to trade exclusively with Great Britain

1814 – European forces capture Paris from Napoleon

1820 – English novelist Anna Sewell is born

1825 – Confederate General Samuel Maxey is born

1840 – “Beau” Brummell, English dandy, dies in French asylum for paupers

1842 – Anesthesia was used for the first time during an operation

1853 – Dutch impressionist artist Vincent Van Gogh is born

1855 – “Border Ruffians” invade the first Kansas election and force the election of a pro-slavery legislature

1856 – The Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean War

1858 – Hyman Lipman of Philadelphia patents the pencil with an eraser attached

1867 – Russian Baron Stoeckl and US Secretary of State Seward complete the draft of a treaty ceding Alaska to the US

1867 – US Secretary of State William Seward signs a treaty with Russia to obtain Alaska for $7 million, leading to much ridicule. Congress and the press referred to the purchase as “Seward’s Folly,” “Seward’s icebox” and President Andrew Johnson’s “polar bear garden.”

1870 – The 15th amendment, guaranteeing right to vote for all races, passes

1870 – President Grant signs a bill readmitting Texas to the Union, the last Confederate state readmitted

1880 – Irish playwright Sean O’Casey is born

1883 – Sculptor Jo Davidson is born

1885 – In Afghanistan, Russian troops defeat Afghan forces, despite orders not to fight

1891 – “Sockless” Jerry Simpson rallies the Kansas Farmers’ Alliance to take over the state government

1909 – The Queensboro Bridge in New York opens and is the first double-decker bridge

1912 – Author Karl May dies

1916 – Mexican bandit Pancho Villa kills 172 at the Guerrero garrison in Mexico

1918 – British, Australian and Canadian troops mount a successful counter-attack against the German offensive at Moreuil Wood

1925 – Philosopher and educator Rudolf Steiner dies

1936 – Britain announces a naval construction program of 38 warships

1940 – Japan establishes its own puppet government in Nanking

1941 – The German Afrika Korps under General Erwin Rommel begins its first offensive against British forces in Libya

1943 – Rodgers and Hammerstein's Oklahoma, opens on Broadway

1944 – The US fleet attacks Palau, near the Philippines

1945 – The Red Army advances into Austria

1945 – Singer, songwriter, guitarist and producer Eric Clapton is born

1946 – The Allies seize 1,000 Nazis attempting to revive the Nazi party in Frankfurt

1948 – Henry Wallace criticizes President Truman’s Cold War policies as he campaigned as the Progressive Party presidential candidate

1950 – President Harry Truman denounces Senator Joe McCarthy as a saboteur of US foreign policy

1957 – Tunisia and Morocco sign a friendship treaty

1959 – Dalai Lama flees China to India, who granted political asylum

1962 – Actor and rapper MC Hammer is born

1964 – The game show Jeopardy debuts on television

1965 – Princeton forward Bill Bradley sets a NCAA men’s basketball record with 58 points in a game against Wichita State

1965 – A bomb explodes in a car outside the US Embassy in Saigon, nearly destroying the building entirely, killing 19 Vietnamese, 2 Americans, 1 Filipino and injuring 183 others

1968 – Singer, songwriter Celine Dion is born

1972 – Hanoi launches its biggest attack, crossing the DMZ

1972 – Northern Ireland’s government and Parliament dissolved by the British government and ‘direct rule’ from Westminster is introduced

1975 – South Vietnamese soldiers flee to rescue jets

1976 – Thousand of Palestinians continue to protest against Israel’s land appropriation

1981 – President Ronald Reagan is shot and injured in Washington, DC by John Hinckley Jr., who admits he was trying to get the attention of actress Jodie Foster

1984 – Theologian Karl Rahner dies

1986 – Actor James Cagney dies

1987 – Vincent Van Gogh’s Sunflowers is purchased for a cool $39.85 million

2002 – Queen Elizabeth, aka the Queen Mother, of England dies

2009 – President Barack Obama announces his bailout of General Motors and Chrysler

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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