This Day in History - March 5

March 5

363 – Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch to attack the Sassanid Empire

1046 – Persian scholar Naser Khoscrow begins a 7-year journey in the Middle East which will later be described in his book Safarnama

1133 – Henry II, King of England, is born

1326 – Louis I, King of Hungary, is born

1496 – English King Henry VII gives John Cabot a commission to explore for new lands

1574 – Mathematician William Oughtred is born

1616 – Nicolaus Copernicus’ De revolutionibus erbium coelestium is banned by the Catholic Church, but will later be considered a milestone in the history of astronomy

1624 – Class-based legislation is passed in the colony of Virginia, exempting members of the upper class from punishment by whipping

1766 – Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans

1770 – A mob gathers at the Customs House in Boston and begins tossing rocks and snowballs at the single British soldier guarding the building until he called for reinforcements. The colonists were protesting British occupation.  When soldiers arrive to help, one slips in snow and accidentally discharges his rifle into the crowd sparking panic amongst the other soldiers, who began firing.  Five colonists were killed including Crispus Attucks, Patrick Carr, Samuel Gray, Samuel Maverick and James Caldwell.  John Adams and Josiah Quincy Jr. defended the soldiers, and only two of the six were found guilty of manslaughter for the Boston Massacre, and they were branded on the thumb and released

1793 – Austrian troops defeat the French and recapture Liege

1815 – German physician Franz Anton Mesmer, who is considered to be the hypnotic therapy pioneer, dies

1821 – James Monroe becomes the first president to be inaugurated on March 5, because the 4th fell on a Sunday

1824 – US physician who founded the American Public Health Association, Elisha Harris, is born

1824 – Lithographer for Currier and Ives, James Merritt Ives, is born

1839 – Author Charlotte Bronte writes to Reverend Henry Nussey, declining marriage

1853 – Writer and illustrator Howard Pyle is born

1864 – General John Breckinridge takes command of the Confederate forces in the Appalachian Mountains of Western Virginia

1870 – Novelist Frank Norris is born

1871 – Future leader of a revolutionary faction of the German socialist party during World War I, Rosa Luxemburg, is born

1872 – George Westinghouse patents the air brake

1887 – Composer Heitor Villa-Lobos is born

1895 – Author, journalist and playwright Nikolai Leskov dies

1898 – 1st Premier of the People’s Republic of China, Zhou Enlai, is born

1905 – Russians begin their retreat from Mukden, in China

1908 – Actor Rex Harrison is born

1912 – The Italians become the first to use dirigibles for military reasons

1918 – The Soviets move the capital from Petrograd to Moscow

1928 – Adolf Hitler’s National Socialists win the majority vote in Bavaria

1929 – David Dunbar Buick, founder of Buick Motor Company, dies

1933 – President Franklin Roosevelt halts the trading of gold and declares a bank holiday

1933 – Adolf Hitler’s Nationalist allies win the Reichstag majority, in the last free election in Germany until after World War II

1938 – Biologist Lynn Margulis is born

1943 – Fifteen and sixteen-year-olds are called for military service in the German army

1946 – Winston Churchill tells the crowd in Fulton, Missouri, that “an iron curtain has descended on the Continent (of Europe)”

1948 – Writer Leslie Marmon Silko is born

1948 – Singer and actress Elaine Paige is born

1951 – Cartoonist Lat is born

1953 – Leader of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, dies

1953 – Composer, conductor and pianist Sergei Prokofiev dies

1956 – The US Supreme Court affirms the ban on segregation in public schools in Brown vs. Board of Education

1960 – Alberto Korda takes what will become a famous picture of revolutionary Che Guevara known as the Guerrillero Heroico

1963 – Arthur “Spud” Melin patents the Hula-Hoop

1963 – Singers Patsy Cline, Cowboy Copas, and Hawkshaw Hawkins are killed in a plane crash

1964 – The U.S.A.F. advisory team is sent to Laos to train pilots

1966 – A jet breaks apart in air and crashes into Mount Fuji in Japan, killing all 124 on board

1966 – Marvin Miller is elected executive director of the MLB Players Association

1969 – Gustav Heinemann is elected West German President

1969 – The Dade County Sheriff’s Office issues an arrest warrant for Doors’ lead singer Jim Morrison, for three misdemeanors and a felony.  Morrison was charged with lewd and lascivious behavior, drunkenness, profanity and indecent exposure, and simulating oral copulation for his performance during a Miami concert.  He was convicted and sentenced to six months in prison and a $500 fine, but he died before he could serve his sentence

1970 – The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty takes effect, having been signed by the big 5 in 1968

1970 – Singer, songwriter, guitarist and producer John Frusciante is born

1971 – The US 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment known as the “Blackhorse Regiment” departs South Vietnam

1976 – Britain gives up on the Ulster talks and decides that it will retain rule over Northern Ireland indefinitely

1977 – Dial-a-President radio program with President Jimmy Carter and CBS News anchorman Walter Cronkite airs

1981 – The British ZX81, home computer, is launched

1984 – The US Supreme Court rules that cities have the right to display the Nativity scene as part of their Christmas display

1997 – North and South Korean representatives meet for the first time in 25 years for peace talks

2013 – President of Venezuela Hugo Chavez dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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