This Day in History - April 24

April 24

1479 BC – Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt

1184 BC – The Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse

858 – St. Nicholas I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1519 – Envoys of Montezuma II attend the first Easter mass in Central America

1547 – Charles V’s troops defeat the Protestant League of Schmalkalden at the Battle of Muhlberg

1558 – Mary, Queen of Scotland, marries the French dauphin, Francis

1620 – Statitician John Graunt, is born

1731 – English journalist and spy, Daniel Defoe dies

1743 – English parson who invented the power loom, Edmund Cartwright is born

1766 – Founder of the Farmer’s Almanac, Robert Bailey Thomas is born

1769 – General during the Napoleonic Wars, Duke of Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, is born

1781 – British General William Phillips lands on the banks of the James River at City Port, Virginia and combines forces with General Benedict Arnold, known traitor, to attack Petersburg, Virginia

1792 – Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle composes “La Marseillaise,” which will become France’s national anthem

1800 – The Library of Congress is established in Washington, DC, with a $5,000 allocation

1805 – US Marines attack and capture the town of Derna in Tripoli from the Barbary Pirates

1815 – British novelist Anthony Trollope is born

1833 – a patent is granted for the first soda fountain

1856 – French Marshall, WWI hero and Nazi collaborator, Henri Philippe Petain, is born

1863 – The Union Army issues General Orders No. 100, which provided a code of conduct for Federal soldiers and officers when dealing with Confederate prisoners and civilians

1876 – Erich Raeder, man who convinced Adolf Hitler to invade Norway, is born

1877 – Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire

1884 – Otto von Bismarck cables Cape Town, South Africa that it is now a German colony

1897 – American linguist Benjamin Lee Whorf is born

1898 – Spain declares war on the US, rejecting an ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba

1900 – English author Elizabeth Goudge is born

1904 – Abstract impressionist painter Willem de Kooning is born

1905 – Novelist Robert Penn Warren is born

1906 – British traitor, Nazi propagandist known as ‘Lord Haw-Haw,’ William Joyce is born

1908 – A tornado traveling through Louisiana and Mississippi leaves 143 dead and injuring 400

1915 – Turks of the Ottoman Empire begin massacring the Armenian minority in their country and is considered to be one of the first genocides in modern history. An estimated 1 million people were killed

1916 – Irish nationalists launch the Easter Uprising against British occupation

1922 – Colin Ross is hanged to death for the rape and murder of 13-year old Alma Tirtschke. Ross was one of the first criminals in Australia to be convicted based on forensic evidence-red hairs, like those of Tirtschke, found on a blanket at his home

1940 – Novelist Sue Grafton is born

1940 – British, Australian, New Zealand and Polish troops withdraw from Greece in light of the Greek Army’s surrender to the Axis invaders

1941 – Journalist, banker, 22nd US Ambassador to the UN, Richard Holbrooke is born

1942 – Singer, songwriter, actress and producer Barbra Streisand is born

1942 – Author Lucy Maud Montgomery dies

1944 – The first B-29 arrives in China, over the Hump of the Himalayas

1945 – President Harry Truman is briefed on the Manhattan Project, in which scientists are attempting to create the first atomic bomb

1947 – Author Willa Cather dies

1948 – The Berlin airlift begins to relieve the surrounded city

1953 – Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

1955 – The Afro-Asian Conference, known as the Bandung Conference, in Bandung, Indonesia, comes to a close. The purpose of the event was for 29 “non-aligned” nations in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, to decry racism and discuss the Cold War between the US and the Soviet Union

1957 – The Suez Canal reopens after the Suez Crisis between Egypt, France, the UK and Israel

1960 – Nobel Prize-winning physicist Max von Laue dies

1961 – President John Kennedy accepts “sole responsibility” for the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs

1967 – General William Westmoreland, a senior US commander in South Vietnam, causes uproar by saying that the enemy had “gained support in the US that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily”

1968 – Leftist students take over Columbia University to protest over the Vietnam War

1971 – North Vietnamese troops attack Allied troops throughout South Vietnam

1973 – Indian cricket player Sachin Tendulkar is born

1980 – A rescue attempt of the 52 US hostages held in Iran fails when a plane collides with a helicopter in the Iranian desert. Eight US servicemen died in the mission

1980 – Author Alejo Carpentier dies

1981 – The IBM Personal Computer is introduced

1982 – Jane Fonda’s first Workout video is released

1982 – Singer, songwriter, actress and producer Kelly Clarkson is born

1983 – Rolf Stommelen, a four-time 24 Hours of Daytona champ and Formula One driver, is killed in a crash at Riverside International Raceway in California

1989 – Thousands of Chinese students strike in Beijing for more democratic reforms

1990 – The Hubble Space Telescope is launched into Earth orbit

1996 – The Pittsburg Penguins beat the Washington Capitals, 3-2, in 139 minutes and 15 seconds of play, making for its fifth-longest match in the history of the NHL

2005 – Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as Pope Benedict XVI

2011 – Indian guru and philosopher, Sathya Sai Baba dies

2013 – 1129 People die in the worst building collapse disaster in modern day history-the building was used by clothing factories and was a sweatshop

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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