This Day in History - May 24

May 24

1153 – David I of Scotland dies

1543 – Nicolaus Copernicus publishes proof of a sun-centered solar system and then he dies shortly after

1544 – English physician and scientist William Gilbert is born

1595 – The first printed catalog of an institutional library, the Nomenclator of Leiden University Library, appears

1607 – Captain Christopher Newport and 105 followers found the colony of Jamestown at the mouth of the James River on the coast of Virginia

1610 – Sir Thomas Gates institutes “laws divine moral and marshal,” a harsh civil code for Jamestown

1624 – After years of unprofitable operation, Virginia’s charter is revoked and it becomes a royal colony

1671 – Gian Gastone de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, is born

1689 – The English Parliament passes the Act of Toleration, protecting Protestants, and Roman Catholics are specifically excluded from exemption

1738 – The Methodist Church is established by John Wesley

1743 – French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat is born

1764 – Boston lawyer James Otis denounces “taxation without representation,” calling for the colonies to unite in opposition to Britain’s new tax measures

1775 – John Hancock is elected president of the Second Continental Congress

1797 – Future President Thomas Jefferson writes to his friend Angelica Church, casually inquiring about their mutual friend, Maria Cosway, a woman he had written a romantically-themed essay about

1798 – Believing that a French invasion of Ireland is imminent, Irish nationalists rise up against the British occupation

1819 – Victoria, Queen of the UK, is born

1830 – Sarah Josepha Hale’s “Mary Had a Little Lamb,” poem is published

1844 – Samuel Morse taps out the first telegraph message

1846 – General Zachary Taylor captures Monterey

1861 – General Benjamin Butler declares slaves to be contraband of war

1863 – Bushwackers led by Captain William Marchbanks attack a Federal militia party in Nevada, Missouri

1863 – Henry Plummer is elected sheriff of Bannack, Montana. What the voters didn’t know, was that Plummer was an outlaw who would use his office to rob and murder them. It would take the Montana vigilantes to capture him and his gang, and he was hung for the robberies and murders of more than 100 people

1864 – The Battle of North Anna continues between General Grant and General Lee

1870 – Engineers begin drilling the world’s deepest hole, the Kola Superdeep Borehole, drilling 40,230 feet before abandoning the project due to lack of funding

1878 – The first American bicycle race is held in Boston

1878 – Pioneer in time-motion studies, Lillian Moller Gilbreth is born

1883 – The Brooklyn Bridge opens with a dedication led by President Chester Arthur and New York Governor Grover Cleveland

1895 – American publisher Samuel Newhouse is born

1903 – Canadian heart surgeon, Arthur Vineberg is born

1905 – Russian novelist Mikhail Sholokhov is born

1917 – The British Royal Navy introduces a newly created convoy system

1928 – Irish novelist William Trevor is born

1930 – Amy Johnson becomes the first woman to fly from England to Australia

1935 – The Cincinnati Reds beat the Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 during the MLB’s first-ever night game played at Crosley Field in Cincinnati

1940 – Russian Nobel Prize-winning poet Joseph Brodsky is born

1941 – The British battleship Hood is sunk by the German battleship Bismarck, leaving only three survivors

1941 – Singer and songwriter Bob Dylan is born

1943 – The extermination camp at Auschwitz, Poland, receives a new doctor, Josef Mengele, who will earn the nickname “the Angel of Death”

1945 – Actress Priscilla Presley is born

1951 – Willie Mays begins playing for the New York Giants

1959 – Former Secretary of State John Foster Dulles dies

1961 – Civil rights activists are arrested in Jackson, Mississippi

1963 – Author Michael Chabon is born

1964 – More than 300 fans are killed and another 500 injured in a violent riot that erupted due to a referee’s call at a soccer match between Peru and Argentina in Lima, Peru

1964 – Senator Barry Goldwater, while running for the Republican Party nomination in the upcoming presidential election, gives an interview in which he discusses using low-yield atomic bombs in North Vietnam. The interview would become a key factor in his crushing defeat by opponent Lyndon B. Johnson

1974 – Musician Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington dies

1988 – Section 28 is passed by Parliament in the UK, prohibiting the promotion of homosexuality

1989 – Lori Ann Auker disappears from a parking lot of the Susquehanna Mall, while on her way to work at a pet shop there. Police used videotape from a bank automatic teller machine to find her getting in the car with her ex, Robert, who stabbed her to death. Robert was convicted and sentenced to death in March of 1992

1995 – Prime Minister of the UK, Harold Wilson, dies

2001 – 23 die when a portion of the third floor collapses and they fall two stories, at a wedding hall in Jerusalem. This is Israel’s worst civil disaster

2007 – Australian cricket player Bill Johnston dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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