This Day in History - May 14

May 14

1264 – King Henry III is captured by his brother-in-law, Simon de Montfort, at the Battle of Lewes

1509 – At the Battle of Agnadello, the French defeat the Venetians in Northern Italy

1533 – Margaret of Valois, Queen Consort of Navarre, is born

1610 – French King Henry IV is assassinated by Francois Ravaillac, a fanatical monk

1686 – Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, German physicist, instrument maker, inventor of the thermometer, is born

1727 – Painter Thomas Gainsborough is born

1771 – English physicist and photography pioneer, Thomas Wedgwood, is born

1787 – Delegates to the Constitutional Convention begin to assemble in Philadelphia to attempt to overthrow the new American government as defined by the Articles of Confederation

1796 – English physician Edward Jenner gives the first successful smallpox vaccination

1804 – Explorer William Clark sets off from St. Louis, Missouri

1842 – Alfred, Lord Tennyson, publishes a volume called Poems

1853 – Gail Borden applies for a patent for condensed milk

1861 – William Fetterman, who will later lead 80 of his soldiers to their deaths at the hands of the Sioux, joins the Union Army

1863 – Union General Nathanial Banks heads toward Port Hudson along the Mississippi River

1864 – Union and Confederate troops fight at the Battle of Resaca, Georgia

1881 – Nurse Mary Seacole dies

1897 – Guglielmo Marconi sends the first communications by wireless telegraph

1897 – “Stars and Stripes Forever” by John Phillip Sousa is performed for the first time in Philadelphia

1897 – Jazz clarinetist and soprano saxophone player, Sidney Bechet is born

1904 – The first Olympic Games to be held in the US, opens in St. Louis, Missouri

1916 – An article in the Times of London proclaims an insufficiency of munitions is leading to defeat for Britain during WWI, sparking a crisis and forcing the Liberal government to give way to a coalition and prompting the creation of a Ministry of Munitions

1922 – First president of Croatia, Franjo Tudman is born

1923 – Iraqi politician Adnan Pachachi is born

1933 – Novelist Richard Brickner is born

1935 – A plebiscite in the Philippines ratifies an independence agreement

1936 – Singer Bobby Darin is born

1940 – Holland surrenders to Germany

1940 – Activist and writer Emma Goldman dies

1942 – The British Army, in retreat from Burma, reaches India

1943 – US and Great Britain chiefs of staff hold a meeting in Washington, DC and approve Operation Pointblank, a joint bombing offensive to be mounted from British airbases to disrupt the German economic system

1944 – Film director and producer George Lucas is born

1946 – American physician Robert Jarvik is born

1948 – Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion establishes the State of Israel

1948 – Three-year-old June Devaney is abducted from her hospital bed at Queen’s Park Hospital in England, and authorities found her body the next day. She had multiple skull fractures, and it was determined she had been raped and then swung headfirst into a wall. Police fingerprinted over 40,000 people- every man in the town of Blackburn eventually discovering Peter Griffiths, who confessed. He was found guilty and executed on November 19th of 1948

1955 – The Soviet Union and seven of its European satellites sign the Warsaw Pact, a mutual defense organization that puts the Soviets in command of the armed forces of the member states

1961 – A bus carrying civil rights activists is bombed and burned in Alabama

1969 – Three companies of the 101st Airborne Division fail to push North Vietnamese forces off Hill 937 in South Vietnam

1969 – Australian actress Cate Blanchett is born

1970 – The German left-wing activist group, the Red Army Faction aka RAF begins operations

1973 – The US space station Skylab is launched

1977 – Baseball player Roy Halladay is born

1984 – Co-founder of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg is born

1987 – Actress and dancer Rita Hayworth dies

1991 – In South Africa, Winnie Mandela is sentenced to six years in prison for her part in the kidnapping and beating of three black youths and the death of a fourth

1991 – Two diesel trains crash head-on near Shigaraki, Japan, killing more than 40 and injuring 400

1998 – Singer and actor Frank Sinatra dies

1998 – The last episode of Seinfeld on NBC airs, with commercials selling for $2 million for 30 seconds

1999 – President Bill Clinton apologizes directly to Chinese President Jiang Zemin on the phone for the accidental NATO bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia

2007 – Daimler Chrysler announces it is selling 80.1 percent of Chrysler group to a US private-equity firm, Cerberus Capital Management, for $7.4 billion

2015 – Singer, songwriter, producer, and guitarist, BB King dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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