This Day in History - June 18

June 18

1155 – German-born Frederick I, Barbarossa, is crowned emperor of Rome

1581 – English poet and courtier, Sir Thomas Overbury, is born

1667 – The Dutch fleet sails up the Thames River and threatens London

1778 – British troops evacuate Philadelphia

1798 – President John Adams passes the Naturalization Act

1812 – The War of 1812 begins when the US declares war against Great Britain

1812 – Russian novelist, Ivan Goncharov, is born

1815 – At the Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon Bonaparte is defeated by an international army under the Duke of Wellington

1847 – Alexander Murray leads a heavily armed party into the Yukon River region of North America, planning to build a fort for trading furs with the local Indians

1857 – American lawyer and businessman, Henry Clay Folger, is born

1863 – After repeated acts of insubordination, General Ulysses S. Grant relieves General John McClemand during the Siege of Vicksburg

1864 – At Petersburg, Union General Ulysses Grant realizes the town can no longer be taken by assault and settles into a siege

1873 – Susan B. Anthony is fined $100 for attempting to vote for President

1877 – American artist and author, James Montgomery, is born

1896 – Film actress, Blanche Sweet, is born

1915 – French troops halt their attacks on the German trenches in the Artois region of France

1918 – Allied forces on the Western Front begin their largest counterattack yet, against the German army

1923 – Checker Cab produces the first taxi at the Checker Cab Manufacturing Company in Kalamazoo, Michigan

1928 – Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to cross the Atlantic by airplane

1928 – Norwegian explorer, Roald Amundsen, dies

1929 – German philosopher and sociologist, Jurgen Habermas, is born

1936 – Mobster Charles “Lucky” Luciano is found guilty on 62 counts of compulsory prostitution

1937 – Writer, Gail Godwin, is born

1940 – Benito Mussolini and his foreign minister Count Ciano arrive in Munich to meet with Adolf Hitler about Italy’s position in the war

1942 – Songwriter and singer, Beatles band member, Paul McCartney, is born

1942 – Film critic, Roger Ebert, is born

1942 – 23rd President of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, is born

1942 – The US Navy commissions its first black officer, Harvard University medical student, Bernard Whitfield Robinson

1944 – The US First Army breaks through the German lines on the Cotentin Peninsula and cuts off the German-held port of Cherbourg

1945 – Organized Japanese resistance ends on the island of Mindanao

1949 – Children’s author and illustrator, Chris Van Allsburg, is born

1951 – General Vo Nguyen Giap ends his Red River Campaign against the French in Indochina

1953 – South Korean President Syngman Rhee releases Korean non-repatriate POWs against the will of the UN

1959 – A Federal Court annuls the Arkansas law allowing school closings to prevent integration

1960 – Arnold Palmer shoots a 65 to win the US Open at Cherry Hills Country Club in Denver, Colorado in the best final round in US Open history

1965 – B-52s are used for the first time in South Vietnam to fly-bomb a Viet Cong concentration in a heavily forested area of Binh Duong Province

1966 – Samuel Nabrit becomes the first black to serve on the Atomic Energy Commission

1966 – General William Westmoreland requests additional troops for Vietnam

1967 – The Monterey Pop Festival closes.  The Festival was the prelude to Woodstock and groundbreaking in its own right.  It is also worth noting that the Festival was organized by John Phillips of the Mamas and the Papas, and his song, “San Francisco,” was written expressly as a promotional tune for the event

1972 – A Trident jetliner crashes after takeoff from Heathrow Airport in London, killing 118

1974 – Russian general, Georgy Zhukov, dies

1979 – President Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev sign the Salt II pact to limit nuclear arms

1983 – Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space

1984 – Talk radio icon and self-described “man you love to hate,” Alan Berg, is killed in the driveway of his Denver, Colorado home by Bruce Pierce.  Pierce was the leader of a neo-Nazi organization called the Order and Berg was infamous for his outspoken and abrasive character, along with his liberal views

1986 – French tennis player, Richard Gasquet, is born

1989 – American journalist and author, I.F. Stone, dies

2003 – American baseball player, Larry Doby, dies
2010 – Nobel Prize-winning Portuguese author, Jose Saramago, dies


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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