This Day in History - June 28

June 28

1491 – Henry VIII, King of England, is born

1519 – Charles I of Spain is elected Holy Roman Emperor

1577 – Flemish painter, Peter Paul Rubens, is born

1635 – The French colony of Guadeloupe is established in the Caribbean

1675 – Frederick William of Brandenburg crushes the Swedes

1709 – Russians defeat the Swedes and Cossacks at the Battle of Poltava

1712 – French social philosopher, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is born

1776 – Colonists repulse a British sea attack on Charleston, South Carolina

1778 – Mary “Molly Pitcher” Hays McCauley, wife of an American artilleryman, carries water to the soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth

1836 – 4th President of the US, James Madison, dies

1839 – Cinque and other Africans are kidnapped and sold into slavery in Cuba

1857 – Western writer, Emerson Hough, is born

1862 – Fighting continues between Union and Confederate forces during the Seven Days’ campaign

1862 – A Confederate band, aided with the help of befriended pirates, capture a commercial vessel on the Chesapeake Bay by dressing up as women and entering the ship as paying passengers

1863 – General George Meade replaces General Joseph Hooker three days before the Battle of Gettysburg

1867 – Italian playwright, Luigi Pirandello, is born

1873 – Nobel Prize-winning French surgeon and biologist, Alexis Carrel, is born

1874 – The Freedmen’s Bank, created to assist former slaves in the US, closes and its customers lose $3 million

1884 – Congress declares Labor Day a legal holiday

1888 – Writer, Robert Louis Stevenson and his family leave for their first visit to the South Seas, seeking a healthier climate to treat Stevenson’s tuberculosis

1891 – Author, Esther Forbes, is born

1902 – American composer, Richard Rodgers, is born

1902 – Congress passes the Spooner bill, authorizing a canal to be built across the Isthmus of Panama

1906 – Nobel Prize-winning physicist, Maria Goeppert Mayer, is born

1909 – British mystery writer, Eric Ambler, is born

1911 – Samuel J. Battle becomes the first black policeman in New York City

1914 – Austria’s Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie are assassinated at Sarajevo, Serbia by a Bosnian Serb nationalist

1916 – Adolph Zukor’s Famous Players Film Company merges with the Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company, forming the Famous Players-Lasky Company which will later become Paramount Pictures, one of the first and most successful Hollywood motion-picture studios

1919 – Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles under protest

1919 – Future President, Harry S. Truman, marries Bess Wallace

1921 – A coal strike in Britain is settled after three months

1926 – Actor, comedian, and director, Mel Brooks, is born

1928 – Louis Armstrong records “West End Blues”

1930 – More than 1,000 communists are routed during an assault on the British consulate in London

1938 – Congress creates the Federal Housing Administration to insure construction loans

1940 – General Charles de Gaulle is recognized as the leader of the Free French Forces by Britain

1940 – Nobel Prize-winning Bangladeshi economist, Muhammad Yunus, is born

1942 – German troops launch an offensive to seize Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus and the city of Stalingrad

1945 – General Douglas MacArthur announces the end of Japanese resistance in the Philippines

1947 – Novelist, Mark Helprin, is born

1948 – The Soviet Union expels Yugoslavia from the Communist Information Bureau for their position on the Greek civil war

1949 – The last US combat troops are called home from Korea, leaving only 500 advisers

1950 – General Douglas MacArthur arrives in South Korea as Seoul falls to the North

1953 – Workers at a Chevrolet plant in Flint, Michigan assemble the first Corvette

1954 – French troops begin to pull out of Vietnam’s Tonkin province

1962 – American baseball player and manager, Mickey Cochrane, dies

1964 – Malcolm X founds the Organization for Afro-American Unity to seek independence for blacks in the Western Hemisphere

1965 – In the first major offensive ordered for US forces in Vietnam, 3,000 troops of the 173rd Airborne Brigade, along with 800 Australian soldiers and a Vietnamese airborne unit, assault an area in the jungle known as Viet Cong Zone D

1967 – 14 people are shot during race riots in Buffalo, New York

1969 – Police raid the Stonewall Inn, a gay club on New York City’s Christopher Street, and patrons and local sympathizers begin rioting against police.  The police had a legitimate reason to raid the club: it had been serving liquor without a license among others, New York’s gay community felt as if the police were targeting them for being gay

1970 – Muhammad Ali stands before the Supreme Court regarding his refusal of induction into the US Army during the Vietnam War

1971 – The Supreme Court overturns the draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali

1972 – Richard Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam

1975 – Screenwriter and producer, Rod Serling, dies

1975 – Police find Jim and Naomi Olive dead in their Terra Linda, California home.  Marlene Olive, their adoptive daughter, gives a series of tall tales to police to explain the murders. Police soon find a note from Marlene to her boyfriend Chuck Riley, telling him “I have no guilty feelings at all about my folks. NONE. NEITHER SHOULD YOU. Relax.”  Chuck Riley had attacked Naomi with a claw hammer and when that failed to kill her, he stabbed her to death.  Jim tried to intervene, walking in on the murder, and so Riley shot him to death.  Because she was a minor at the time of the murders, Marlene served only four years in prison. Riley was given a death sentence but that was later commuted to life in prison

1976 – The first women enter the US Air Force Academy

1981 – Canadian activist and athlete, Terry Fox, dies

1992 – Two of the strongest (not deadliest) earthquakes ever to hit California strike the densely populated desert area east of Los Angeles.  One was a 7.3-magnitude, and the other a 6.3-magnitude, triggering landslides that wiped out roads and opened a 44-mile-long rupture in the earth, the biggest in California since the 1906 San Francisco quake.  Three died and 400 were injured.  The quake caused $92 million in damages

1993 – Denise Sam-Cali is attacked and raped by a knife-wielding serial rapist, Harvey Robinson.  Robinson had raped and even murdered young girls.  He killed a 15-year-old in Allentown, Pennsylvania, and raped a five-year-old, trying unsuccessfully to choke her to death.  With the aid of Denise Sam-Cali, police were able to surprise Robinson trying to sneak back into Sam-Cali’s home to finish her off.  He was shot and then later turned himself into a local hospital.  He was convicted in 1995 and sentenced to death

1997 – Mike Tyson bites Evander Holyfield’s ear in the third round of their heavyweight rematch, leading to Tyson’s disqualification and suspension from boxing
2001 – American author and philosopher, Mortimer J. Adler, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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