This Day in History - January 25

January 25

389 – Turkish theologian and Archbishop Gregory of Nazianzus dies

1533 – Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn

1554 – Sao Paulo is founded in Brazil

1565 – Deccan sultanate destroy the last Hindu kingdom of Southern India during the Battle of Talikota, India

1759 – Scottish poet Robert Burns is born

1776 – The Continental Congress authorizes the first national Revolutionary War memorial in honor of Brigadier General Richard Montgomery who was killed during an assault on Quebec the prior year

1787 – Daniel Shays leads a group of farmers to revolt known as Shay’s Rebellion against tax laws

1840 – Charles Wilkes and his expedition become the first to identify Antarctica as a continent

1846 – The British Parliament repeals the Corn Laws-a tax on imported oats, wheat, and barley

1863 – Union General Ambrose Burnside is removed as commander of the Army of the Potomac

1869 – Future New Mexico sheriff, Patrick “Pat” Garrett, leaves his home in Louisiana and heads west

1874 – English and French author and playwright W. Somerset Maugham is born

1882 – English author Virginia Woolf is born

1890 – Nellie Bly completes world navigation in 72 days

1904 – 200 coal miners are trapped after an explosion in a Pennsylvania mine

1905 – A 3,106-carat diamond is discovered at the Premier Mine in Pretoria, South Africa-the world’s largest

1913 – Polish conductor and composer Witold Lutoslawski is born

1915 – Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Watson make a record telephone transmission as the first is in New York and the latter in San Francisco

1918 – Austria and Germany reject US peace proposals

1919 – The League of Nations plan is founded, devoted to maintaining world peace

1924 – The first Winter Olympics take place at Chamonix in the French Alps

1929 – Members of the New York Stock Exchange ask for an additional 275 seats

1930 – New York police rout a Communist rally at the Town Hall

1933 – President of the Philippines, Corazon Aquino is born

1942 – Thailand declares war on the Allies

1943 – The Red Army captures the last German airfield in Stalingrad

1947 – The first arcade game is patented by Thomas Goldsmith, known as the “Cathode Ray Tube Amusement Device”

1947 – American gangster Al Capone dies

1949 – Axis Sally, Nazi propagandist in Europe, stands trial in the US for war crimes

1949 – The Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (Emmy) holds its first annual

awards ceremony in Los Angeles

1949 – Mapai Party wins its first election in Israel

1951 – The US Eighth Army in Korea launches Operation Thunderbolt to push the Chinese Army north of the Han River

1954 – Indian activist M.N. Roy dies

1955 – Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock that is accurate to within one second in 300 years

1956 – Nikita Khrushchev says he believes President Eisenhower is sincere in his efforts to abolish war

1959 – American Airlines begins its first coast-to-coast flight service

1961 – President John Kennedy becomes the first president to hold a live televised news conference

1968 – The Israeli submarine Dakar disappears with 69 sailors on board.  The fate of the sub is still unknown today

1969 – The first fully attended meeting of the Paris peace talks is held

1971 – Cult leader Charles Manson and his followers Susan Atkins, Patricia Krenwinkle and Leslie Van Houten are convicted of the murders of actress Sharon Tate and six others.  They were all sentenced to death, but in 1972 the California Supreme Court abolished the death penalty, thus reducing their sentences to life imprisonment

1971 – Dictator Idi Amin seizes power in Uganda

1972 – The first black woman elected to US Congress, Shirley Chisholm, announces her candidacy for president

1972 – President Richard Nixon airs the eight-point peace plan for Vietnam, asking for POW release in return for withdrawal

1977 – The world’s first solar power plant is opened in Odeillo, France

1980 – Singer Paul McCartney is released from a Tokyo jail and deported from Japan for bringing nearly half a pound of marijuana in his baggage

1981 – Singer, songwriter, pianist and actress Alicia Keys is born

1981 – Jiang Qing, the widow of Chinese leader Mao Zedong, is sentenced to death for “counter-revolutionary crimes” in which she and three others manipulated young radicals known as the Red Guards.  “The Gang of Four,” as they came to be known, were found guilty and sentenced to die, although the Chinese government commuted her sentence to life imprisonment.  She died in prison in 1991 of an apparent suicide

1982 – Soviet politician Mikhail Suslov dies

1984 – President Ronald Reagan endorses the development of the first US permanently-manned space station

1995 – Russia’s early-warning defense radar detects an unexpected missile launch near Norway, and it is estimated the missile is only minutes from an impact on Moscow.  The nuclear command systems switched to combat mode and the nuclear suitcases carried by Russian President Boris Yeltsin, his defense minister and his chief of staff, were activated for the first time in history.  Minutes later, Yeltsin was informed that the missile’s impact would be outside of Russia’s borders, and minutes after that, that the launch was likely not part of a nuclear strike by Western nuclear subs.  It was later revealed that Norway had launched a missile carrying instruments for scientific measurements and had alerted 35 countries, including Russia, nine days prior, but the personnel on duty at the time had neglected to inform anyone

2003 – Fiat automobile business tycoon, Giovanni “Gianni” Agnelli dies

2005 – A television station in Wichita, Kansas receives a postcard from the BTK killer.  The BTK killer got his nickname for binding, torturing and killing his victims.  Dennis Lynn Rader confessed a month later and was charged with ten counts of murder.  He was sentenced to 10 consecutive life terms in prison

2005 – American architect Philip Johnson dies

2011 – The Egyptian Revolution of 2011 begins in civil disobedience and labor strikes

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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