This Day in History - January 30

January 30

1649 – Charles I of England is executed by beheading at Whitehall

1661 – After having been dead two years, Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, is ritually executed.  His body was dug up, hung and then his head was cut off and placed on a 20-foot spike above Westminster Hall on orders from King Charles II

1781 – Maryland becomes the 13th and final state to ratify the Articles of Confederation, nearly three years past the deadline that was given by Congress

1815 – The US Library of Congress is re-established after burning down

1816 – Union General Nathaniel Banks is born

1835 – Richard Lawrence shoots at President Andrew Jackson during a funeral service for Representative Warren Davis, in the House chamber of the US Capitol.  His weapons misfired, and he was arrested, found to be insane and sent to a mental prison

1844 – Richard Theodore Greener becomes the first black to graduate from Harvard University

1852 – Romanian playwright and poet Ion Luca Caragiale is born

1862 – The USS Monitor is launched at Greenpoint, Long Island

1882 – 32nd President of the US, Franklin Roosevelt, is born

1885 – Naval aviation pioneer, John Henry Towers, is born

1901 – Women prohibitionists tear up 12 saloons in Kansas

1912 – The British House of Lords opposes the House of Commons by rejecting home rule for Ireland

1912 – US historian, Barbara Tuchman, is born

1920 – Jujiro Matsuda founds Toyo Cork Kogyo, a cork making business, that a decade later will produce its first car and later change its name to Mazda

1930 – Oscar-winning actor Gene Hackman is born

1931 – The US awards civil government to the Virgin Islands

1933 – Adolf Hitler is named Chancellor of Germany by President Paul Hindenburg

1933 – The Lone Ranger debuts on Detroit’s WXYZ radio station

1936 – Governor Harold Hoffman orders a new inquiry into the Lindbergh kidnapping

1937 – English actress Vanessa Redgrave is born

1939 – Adolf Hitler threatens the Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag

1941 – 46th Vice President of the US, Dick Cheney, is born

1943 – Field Marshal Friedrich von Paulus surrenders himself and his staff to Red Army troops in Stalingrad

1945 – Native American novelist Michael Dorris is born

1945 – The supply route linking India to China through Burma is finally cleared for Allied military transports

1945 – The largest maritime disaster in history takes place when the Soviets torpedo the Wilhelm Gustloff, a German ocean liner carrying war refugees.  9,343 people are killed, nearly 5,000 of the victims are children

1945 – The Allies launch a drive on the Siegfried line in Germany

1943 – The British Royal Air Force begins a bombing campaign on Berlin

1948 – Indian spiritual leader Mohandas Gandhi is assassinated in New Delhi by a Hindu extremist, Nathuram Godse

1948 – American aviation pioneer Orville Wright dies

1949 – 100,000 people pray at the site of Gandhi’s assassination on the first anniversary of his death, in India

1951 – English singer, songwriter, producer and actor Phil Collins is born

1951 – Austrian and German engineer and businessman who founded Porsche, Ferdinand Porsche, dies

1953 – President Dwight Eisenhower announces that he will pull the Seventh Fleet out of Formosa to allow the Nationalists to attack Communist China

1963 – French composer Francis Poulenc dies

1964 – The Ranger spacecraft and its six cameras is launched to the moon from Cape Canaveral

1965 – The largest-ever state funeral is held for Winston Churchill at St. Paul’s Cathedral in London

1968 – Communist forces launch their largest offensive against South Vietnamese in US troops in South Vietnam in the Tet Offensive

1969 – The Beatles give their last public performance on the rooftop of the Apple Corps building in London

1971 – Operation Dewey Canyon II begins, the South Vietnamese invasion of Laos, with US forces offering logistical support

1972 – British troops shoot dead 14 Irish civilians in Derry, Ireland on a day that will become known as “Bloody Sunday”

1976 – The US Supreme Court bans spending limits in campaigns

1979 – The Iranian civilian government announces that Ayatollah Khomeini, who had been exiled, would now be allowed to return

1980 – The first-ever Chinese Olympic team arrives in New York for the Winter Games at Lake Placid

1982 – 15-year-old Richard Skrenta creates and releases the first computer virus, Elk Cloner, as a practical joke

1994 – American speed skater Dan Jansen sets a new world record of 35.76 at the World Sprint Championship in Calgary, Alberta, Canada

2000 – A Kenya Airways Airbus A-310 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean killing 169 people with only ten survivors

2001 – English pilot Johnnie Johnson dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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