This Day in History - August 22

August 22

1241 – Pope Gregory IX dies

1350 – Philip VI is succeeded by John II aka John the Good as king of France

1358 – Isabella of France dies

1485 – The War of the Roses ends and the Tudor dynasty begins in England as Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at Bosworth

1553 – English admiral and politician John Dudley, First Duke of Northumberland, dies

1642 – War is declared on Parliament at Nottingham by Charles I thus beginning an English Civil War

1647 – Inventor of the pressure cooker, Denis Papin, is born

1717 – The Turkish revival in the Balkans is ended when the Austrian army forces the Turkish army out of Belgrade

1775 – King George III proclaims the American colonies are in open rebellion

1776 – The Redcoats arrive at Long Island during the American Revolution, in the hopes of gaining control of the Hudson River. Their army was enormous, and they overcame the Americans at Gowanus Pass

1777 – British Colonel Barry St. Ledger abandons Fort Stanwix and returns to Canada after learning that General Benedict Arnold’s army is approaching

1848 – Future President Ulysses S. Grant marries Julia Boggs Dent

1849 – The Portuguese governor of Macao, China is assassinated

1851 – the US wins first America’s Cup when its schooner America beats a fleet of Britain’s ships in a race around England’s Isle of Wight

1862 – French composer Claude Debussy is born

1862 – President Lincoln writes a letter to Horace Greeley, the editor of the New York Tribune, hinting at a change in policy concerning slavery during the Civil War

1893 – American poet and writer Dorothy Parker is born

1880 – Cartoonist George Herriman is born

1881 – The American National Red Cross is founded by Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons

1891 – Sculptor Jacque Lipchitz is born

1898 – Hired assassin Jim Miller joins the Texas Rangers in the Old West

1893 – Satirist and poet Dorothy Parker is born

1902 – Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first US president to ride in an automobile

1904 – Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is born

1908 – Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson is born

1910 – Korea is annexed by Japan

1914 – Some 27,000 French soldiers died at Ardennes and Charleroi in the Battle of the Frontiers during World War I

1917 – Blues singer and guitarist John Lee Hooker is born

1920 – Science fiction writer Ray Bradbury is born

1922 – An Irish politician, Michael Collins, is killed in an ambush in West County Cork, Ireland

1928 – German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen is born

1933 – The Barker clan robs a Federal Reserve mail truck in Chicago, IL and kill Officer Miles Cunningham. The robbery was unsuccessful, as they only get away with worthless checks

1934 – American general and commander of the coalition forces during the Persian Gulf War, H. Norman Schwarzkopf, is born

1935 – Pulitzer Prize-winning author Annie Proulx is born

1938 – Singer/songwriter Delmar Allen “Dale” Hawkins is born

1938 – Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers are featured on the cover of Life Magazine to ease the tensions of Americans suffered during the Great Depression

1939 – Actress Valerie Harper is born

1940 – Publisher Anthony Crosthwaite-Eyre is born

1942 – Brazil declares war on the Axis powers

1942 – Singer Kathy Lennon is born

1943 – Computer scientist who helped develop the Intel 4004, the world’s first commercial microprocessor, Masatoshi Shima, is born

1944 – Romania is captured by the Soviet Union

1945 – Soviet troops land at Port Arthur and Dairen on the Kwantung Peninsula in China

1945 – A conflict arises in Vietnam when a group of Free French parachutes into southern Indochina, in response to a successful coup by communist guerilla Ho Chi Minh

1947 – Singer Donna Godchaux is born

1950 – I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby, chief of staff to VP Dick Cheney during President George W. Bush administration, who will be sentenced to 30 months for felony convictions and his sentence will be commuted by President Bush, is born

1950 – Althea Gibson becomes the first African-American on the US tennis tour

1952 – Devil’s Island, a penal colony, is permanently closed

1956 – US President Dwight Eisenhower and VP Richard Nixon are renominated by Republican Convention in San Francisco

1962 – An unsuccessful attempt to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle by Secret Army Organization today will inspire Frederick Forsyth’s novel, The Day of the Jackal. Incidentally, De Gaulle survived in part due to the performance of his Citroen DS 19, the presidential automobile

1962 – World’s first nuclear-powered passenger-cargo ship, NS Savannah, completes her maiden voyage from Yorktown, VA to Savannah, GA

1968 – Pope Paul VI arrives in Bogota making the first papal visit to Latin America

1968 – Editor of National Review, Rich Lowry, is born

1968 – Viet Cong forces launch a rocket attack in Saigon, killing 18 and wounding 59 during the Vietnam War

1968 – Czechs protest Soviet invasion of their nation in the streets of Prague and the UN headquarters in New York City. The protests will rally worldwide condemnation of the Soviet Union

1969 – 256 are killed, and $1.421 billion in damages occurs as Hurricane Camille devastates the US Gulf Coast

1970 – Chef Giada De Laurentiis, is born

1971 – Bolivian military coup takes place as Colonel Hugo Banzer Suarez ousts president General Juan Jose Torres and assumes power

1971 – The Camden 28, an anti-war group raiding a draft office in Camden, NJ are arrested by the FBI

1972 – Rhodesia is banned from the Olympic games for racist policies

1972 – 3,000 anti-war protestors harass delegates entering the Republican Convention in Miami, FL, some wearing painted “death masks.” The demonstration results in hundreds of arrests and also injuries as the police fight back with riot control weapons

1975 – US President Gerald Ford survives a second assassination attempt in 17 days; this one by Sarah Jane Moore in California

1983 – The only real opposition to Ferdinand Marcos’ reign as president of the Philippines, Benigno Aquino, is gunned down at Manila Airport

1986 – Japanese model and actress Keiko Kitagawa is born

1989 – Huey P. Newton, co-founder of the Black Panthers, is gunned down in Oakland, California

1989 – First complete ring around Neptune is discovered

1989 – Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers becomes the first pitcher in MLB history to register 5,000 career strikeouts

1992 – Hurricane Andrew tears through the Bahamas. Overall,

1992 – Vicki Weaver is accidentally killed during an 11-day siege at Ruby Ridge, ID by FBI HRT sniper Lon Horiuchi. It becomes known as the “Incident at Ruby Ridge.”

2003 – Alabama Chief Justice Ray Moore is suspended for refusing to comply with a federal order demanding the removal of the Ten Commandments from the Alabama Supreme Court building’s lobby

2005 – The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway

2007 – The most runs scored by any team in modern MLB history takes place as the Texas Rangers top the Baltimore Orioles 30-3

2011 – Canadian politician Jack Layton dies


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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