This Day in History - August 7

August 7

1754 – Novelist Henry Fielding leaves London for Lisbon seeking a healthier climate

1782 – General George Washington authorizes the award of the Purple Heart for soldiers wounded in combat

1836 – Confederate, General Evander Law, is born

1864 – Union troops capture part of Confederate General Jubal Early’s army at Moorefield, West Virginia

1869 – George Davidson, a prominent astronomer, and explorer, impresses Alaskan Native Americans with his ability to predict a solar eclipse

1876 – Mata Hari, who passed secrets to the Germans in WWI, is born

1888 – Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia receives a patent for the revolving door

1903 – Anthropologist, archeologist, and paleontologist, Louis Leakey, is born

1904 – US diplomat and first black Nobel Prize winner, Ralph Bunche, is born

1906 – In North Carolina, a mob defies a court order and lynches three African Americans which becomes known as “The Lyerly Murders”

1912 – Theodore Roosevelt, the former US president, is nominated for the presidency by the Progressive Party aka Bull Moose Party

1914 – French troops launch their first attack of WWI, advancing to the city of Mulhouse

1916 – Persia forms an alliance with Britain and Russia

1922 – The IRA cuts the cable link between the US and Europe at Waterville landing station

1927 – Governor of Louisiana, Edwin Edwards, is born

1932 – Barefoot runner from Ethiopia, Abebe Bikila, is born

1934 – In Washington, the US Court of Appeals ruled that the government can neither confiscate nor ban James Joyce’s novel Ulysses

1936 – The US declares non-intervention in the Spanish Civil War

1938 – Russian actor and director, Constantin Stanislavski, dies

1941 – Nobel Prize-winning author and poet, Rabindranath Tagore, dies

1942 – The US 1st Marine Division under General AA Vandegrift lands on the islands of Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands-the first American amphibious landing of the war

1942 – American humorist and writer, Garrison Keillor, is born

1944 – German forces launch a major counter attack against US forces near Mortain, France

1945 – Georgia institutes a State Board of Corrections

1947 – A balsa wood raft captained by Norwegian anthropologist Thor Heyerdahl, completes a 4,300-mile, 101-day journey from Peru to Raroia

1950 – Grammy Award-winning singer, songwriter, and author, Rodney Crowell, is born

1956 – Seven army ammunition trucks explode in Cali, Colombia, killing more than 1,000 and injuring thousands

1957 – American comedian and actor, Oliver Hardy, dies

1958 – English singer, songwriter, guitarist, and actor, Bruce Dickinson is born

1959 – The unmanned US spacecraft, Explorer 6, is launched into orbit around the earth from the Atlantic Missile Range in Cape Canaveral, Florida

1963 – Son of President John Kennedy who dies in 39 hours, Patrick Kennedy, is born

1964 – Congress overwhelmingly passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, allowing the president to use unlimited military force to prevent attacks on US forces

1966 – The US loses seven planes over North Vietnam, the most in the war to date

1966 – Co-founder of Wikipedia, Jimmy Donal, “Jimbo,” Wales is born

1967 – The North Vietnamese newspaper Nhan Dan reports that the People’s Republic of China has signed a new agreement giving Hanoi an undisclosed amount of aid in the form of an outright grant

1971 – Apollo 15 returns to Earth

1973 – A US plane accidentally bombs a Cambodian village, killing 400 civilians

1975 – Australian alleged terrorist, David Hicks, is born

1975 – Academy Award-winning actress and model, Charlize Theron, is born

1976 – The US Viking 2 spacecraft goes into orbit around Mars

1981 – The Washington DC Star ceases publication after 128 years

1984 – Japan defeats the US to win the Olympic gold in baseball

1987 – Presidents of five Central American nations sign a peace accord in Guatemala

1987 – Canadian ice hockey player, Sidney Crosby, is born

1987 – Lynne Cox makes the first recorded swim from the US to the Soviet Union

1990 – Operation Desert Shield begins as US troops deploy to Saudi Arabia to discourage Iraq’s Saddam Hussein from invading that country

1998 – US embassies in East Africa are bombed in Nairobi, Kenya, and in Dar es Salaam, in neighboring Tanzania by terrorists.  The US accused Saudi exile Osama bin Laden

2005 – A Russian Priz AS-28 mini-submarine, with seven crew members, is rescued from the deep in the Pacific Ocean by a combined effort from Russia, the UK, US, and Japan

2005 – Canadian and American journalist, Peter Jennings, dies

2007 – Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants breaks Hank Aaron’s record with his 756th home run

2011 – American politician, Mark Hatfield, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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