This Day in History - March 1

March 1

1642 – York, Maine incorporates, becoming the first American city to do so

1643 – Pianist and composer Girolamo Frescobaldi dies

1692 – Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba are arrested, supposedly for the practice of witchcraft, in Salem, Massachusetts, beginning the Salem Witch Hunt

1776 – French Minister Charles Gravier advises his Spanish counterpart to support US rebels against the English

1780 – Pennsylvania becomes the first US state to abolish slavery

1781 – The Articles of Confederation are ratified

1790 – The US Congress authorizes the first census

1803 – Ohio becomes the 17th state to join the Union

1808 – Napoleon creates an imperial nobility in France

1810 – Frederic Chopin, composer, and pianist, is born

1815 – Napoleon lands at Cannes, France, returning from exile on Elba and marches on Paris with a force of 1,500 men

1837 – Novelist William Dean is born

1847 – Michigan becomes the first English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty, except in the case of treason against the state

1864 – President Abraham Lincoln nominates Ulysses S. Grant for lieutenant general

1864 – Rebecca Lee becomes the first black woman awarded a medical degree

1867 – Nebraska joins the Union as the 37th state

1869 – Postage stamps depicting scenes are issued for the first time

1871 – German troops enter Paris, France during the Franco-Prussian War

1872 – President Grant signs a bill creating the nation’s first national park at Yellowstone

1875 – Congress passes the Civil Rights Act

1896 – Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity

1904 – Band leader Glenn Miller is born

1910 – Two trains are swept into a canyon by an avalanche that kills 96, in Wellington, Washington

1912 – Albert Berry completes the first in-flight parachute jump from a Benoist plane over Kinlock Field in St. Louis, Missouri

1912 – Actor and singer George Grossmith dies

1914 – Author Ralph Waldo Ellison is born

1915 – The Allies announce their intentions of cutting off all German supplies

1917 – Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Robert Lowell, Jr. is born

1917 – The Zimmermann Telegram is published in various newspapers across America

1919 – The Korean Coalition proclaims independence from Japan

1921 – Allies reject a $7.5 billion reparations offer in London, and the Germans quit all talks

1921 – Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and translator Richard Wilbur is born

1921 – Pulitzer Prize-winning writer Howard Nemerov is born

1921 – British writer EM Forster leaves for his second trip to India

1922 – 5th Prime Minister of Israel and Nobel Prize-winning politician, Yitzhak Rabin is born

1932 – The Lindbergh baby is kidnapped from the Lindbergh home near Princeton, New Jersey. Charles Lindbergh Jr. is killed that same day, although it would be some time before his body was discovered, as the kidnapper, Bruno Hauptmann, was seeking ransom money. Hauptmann was executed for the crime in 1936

1935 – Germany officially establishes the Luftwaffe

1941 – Bulgaria joins Axis powers as the Nazis occupy Sofia

1942 – Japanese troops land on Java in the Pacific

1943 – The British RAF conducts strategic bombing raids on all European railway lines

1944 – Singer, songwriter, producer and actor Roger Daltrey is born

1947 – The International Monetary Fund or IMF, is formed

1954 – Extremists from a Puerto Rican nationalist group fire over 30 shots on the floor of the House of Representatives, injuring five US representatives

1960 – 1,000 black students pray and sing the national anthem on the steps of the old Confederate Capitol in Montgomery, Alabama

1961 – President John Kennedy issues an executive order establishing the Peace Corps

1965 – US informs the South Vietnamese of its intent on sending 3,500 US Marines to Vietnam to protect the US airbase at Da Nang

1966 – Venera 3, a Soviet probe, collides with Venus

1968 – Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara, is replaced by Clark Clifford

1969 – Mickey Mantle announces his retirement from baseball

1970 – The White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain

1971 – Warner Brothers announces it has hired two men who were formally of 20th Century Fox, Richard Zanuck, and David Brown

1971 – A bomb planted by a radical faction of the Students for a Democratic Society, aka known as Weathermen, explodes in the Capitol building in Washington, DC, causing an estimated $300,000 in damages but hurting no one

1974 – A grand jury indicts seven of President Nixon’s aides due to the conspiracy on Watergate

1980 – Soccer player Dixie Dean dies

1981 – IRA member Bobby Sands begins a hunger strike in Maze Prison that would go for 65 days until his death

1983 – Author and journalist Arthur Koestler dies

1985 – The Pentagon accepts the theory that an atomic war would block the sun, therefore causing a “nuclear winter.”

1992 – Bosnian Serbs begin sniping in Sarajevo after Croats and Muslims vote for Bosnian independence

1994 – Canadian singer, songwriter, and dancer Justin Bieber is born

1995 – Yahoo! Is incorporated by Jerry Yang and David Filo

1998 – James Cameron’s Titanic becomes the first film to gross $1 billion

2005 – Honda debuts the Civic

2014 – French director, screenwriter and cinematographer Alain Resnais dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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