This Day in History - August 27

August 27

1626 – The Danish intervention in European wars is ended when the Danes are demolished by the Catholic League in Germany

1776 – The Americans lose the Battle of Long Island in New York to the British during the American Revolution

1770 – German philosopher, George William Hegel, is born

1776 – British General William Howe and his brother Admiral Richard Viscount Howe defeat Patriot forces under General George Washington at the Battle of Brooklyn Heights in New York during the American Revolution

1793 – Maximilien Robespierre is elected to the Committee of Public Safety in Paris, France

1813 – Napoleon is defeated by the Allies at the Battle of Dresden during the Napoleonic Wars

1859 – The first successful US oil well is drilled in Pennsylvania by Edwin Drake

1861 – Union troops arrive at Cape Hatteras, North Carolina beginning an operation that secures the area for the Federals but more importantly, cuts off an important outlet to the Atlantic for the Confederates during the Civil War

1862 – Confederate soldiers attack Loudoun County, Virginia during the Second Battle of Bull Run

1871 – Novelist, Theodore Dreiser, is born

1875 – In the Old West, a powerful capitalist, William Ralston, is found drowned in San Francisco Bay, just hours after being asked to resign as president of the Bank of California

1881 – New York’s Pure Food Law goes into effect to try and prevent “the adulteration of food or drugs”

1883 – Krakatau completes its explosion that will kill 36,000 people

1899 – Novelist, C.S. Forester, is born

1908 – 36th President of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson, is born

1908 – Australian cricket player, Donald Bradman, is born

1910 – From his New Jersey laboratory, Thomas Edison demonstrates the first “talking” pictures using a phonograph

1912 – Tarzan of the Apes by Edgar Rice Burrough first appears in a magazine

1915 – Economist, Walter Heller, is born

1916 – War is declared on Germany by Italy

1916 – Romanian troops cross the border of the Austro-Hungarian Empire into the province of Transylvania, entering World War I

1928 – The Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact is signed by fifteen nations. The Pact outlawed war and called for settling of disputes through arbitration. Forty-seven other countries will sign the pact eventually

1929 – Author, Ira Levin, is born

1931 – Indian spiritual leader and Nobel Peace Prize-winner, Sri Chinmoy, is born

1941 – Fumimaro Konoye, Prime Minister of Japan, issued an invitation for a meeting with President Franklin Roosevelt

1943 – Actress, Tuesday Weld, is born

1945 – B-29 Superfortress bombers begin an aid mission for the POW’s in China by dropping supplies to Allied POW camps

1947 – Actress, Barbara Bach, is born

1949 – Musician and singer with Alabama, Jeff Cook, is born

1950 – Actor, comedian, and voice of Roger Rabbit from “Who Framed Roger Rabbit? ” Charles Fleischer is born

1952 – Actor, Pee-Wee Herman, is born

1952 – The “red scare”, a widespread belief that international communism was operating in the United States wedges its way into politics and becomes the center of debate between Democrats and Republicans

1953 – Audrey Hepburn appears in her first starring role in Roman Holiday

1955 – The first edition of “The Guinness Book of Records” is published in Great Britain

1954 – Formula One race car driver, Derek Warwick, is born

1962 – The Mariner II space probe is launched by the US

1963 – Cambodia severs ties with South Vietnam

1963 – American activist, sociologist, and historian, WEB Du Bois, dies

1967 – Brian Epstein, the Beatles manager, dies of a drug overdose in Sussex, England

1970 – Vice President Spiro Agnew meets with South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu in Saigon during the Vietnam War, to offer continued support of the US

1972 – During Vietnam, the heaviest bombing in four years takes place as US aircraft demolish North Vietnamese barracks near Hanoi and Hai Phong in Operation Linebacker

1975 – Olympic Gold Medal Skier, Jonny Moseley, is born

1975 – Ethiopian emperor, Haile Selassie I, dies

1975 – A record 18,020 miles is set by Veronica and Colin Scargill of England and an around the world bicycle ride

1976 – Australian racecar driver, Mark Webber, is born

1977 – Actress, Sarah Chalke, is born

1979 – Lord Mountbatten, second cousin to Queen Elizabeth II, his grandson, and two others, are killed by a bomb placed in his sailboat by the Irish Republican Army in Donegal Bay off Ireland’s northwest coast

1984 – The NASA Teacher in Space project is announced by President Ronald Reagan

1986 – Singer, songwriter, and actor, Mario, is born

1988 – Singer and actress, Alexa Vega, is born

1989 – In celebration of Voyager II’s encounter with planet Neptune, NASA staff are treated with a performance of Johnny B. Goode by Chuck Berry

1990 – American guitarist, producer, singer, and songwriter, Stevie Ray Vaughan, dies

1991 – Moldavia declares its independence from the USSR

1993 – A 1,870-foot bridge over Tokyo Bay is completed and named The Rainbow Bridge

2003 – Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,999 years. It passes within 34,646, 418 miles

2007 – Quarterback for the Atlanta Falcons, Michael Vick, pleads guilty to a felony of operating a dog fighting enterprise

2008 – Barack Obama becomes the first African-American nominated by a major political party for the office of President by the Democrats

2012 – First interplanetary human voice recording is broadcast from the Mars Rover Curiosity

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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