This Day in History - March 11

March 11

537 – The Goths siege Rome

843 – Icon veneration is re-instated in Hagia Sophia Cathedral in Constantinople

1502 – Ismail I, the founder of the Safavid dynasty, is crowned Shah of Persia

1649 – The Peace of Rueil is signed by the Frondeurs and the French government

1665 – A new legal code is approved for the Dutch and English towns, guaranteeing religious observances to go untouched

1702 – The Daily Courant, the first regular English newspaper, is published

1731 – Declaration of Independence signer Robert Treat Paine, is born

1779 – Congress establishes the US Army Corps of Engineers

1810 – The Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte is married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise

1811 – Ned Ludd leads a group of workers in a wild protest against mechanization

1818 – Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein” is published

1824 – The US War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and Seneca Indian Ely Parker becomes the first Indian to lead it

1845 – Seven hundred Maoris, led by chief Hone-Heke, burn the town of Kororareka in protest of the settlement of Maoriland by Europeans, in breach of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi

1860 – Architect of the New York Public Library, Thomas Hastings is born

1861 – A Confederate Convention is held in Montgomery, Alabama

1862 – President Abraham Lincoln issues War Order No. 3, making changes of Union army commanders

1863 – Union troops give up their plans to take Vicksburg after a failed effort to pass Fort Pemberton

1865 – Union General William Sherman and his forces occupy Fayetteville, NC

1874 – Politician Charles Sumner dies

1884 – Texas gunslinger Ben Thompson is ambushed in a San Antonio theater and murdered

1885 – First motorist to exceed 300 mph, Sir Michael Campbell, is born

1888 – A blizzard hits the northeastern US, killing 400

1898 – General and diplomat William Rosecrans dies

1899 – King of Denmark, Frederick IX, is born

1900 – British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury rejects the peace overtures offered by Boer leader Paul Kruger

1901 – The Cincinnati Enquirer reports the signing of “Chief Tokohama” to the Baltimore Orioles, but it is later revealed that this “Chief” was black second baseman Charlie Grant

1903 – Lawrence Welk of the musical The Lawrence Welk Show, is born

1905 – The Parisian subway is inaugurated

1907 – President Theodore Roosevelt induces California to revoke its anti-Japanese legislation

1908 – Orchestra leader Lawrence Welk is born

1916 – Prime Minister of the UK, Harold Wilson is born

1918 – The first cases of the deadly influenza epidemic that would eventually kill 675,000 Americans and more than 20 million people, are reported

1926 – Civil rights leader Ralph David Abernathy is born

1930 – President Howard Taft becomes the first US president to be buried in the National Cemetery in Arlington, VA

1931 – Businessman Rupert Murdoch is born

1935 – The German Air Force becomes an official part of the Reich

1941 – President Franklin Roosevelt authorizes the Lend-Lease Act, authorizing the giving of war supplies to the Allies

1942 – General Douglas MacArthur leaves Bataan for Australia

1950 – Singer, songwriter, producer and conductor Bobby McFerrin is born

1952 – Writer Douglas Adams is born

1955 – Nobel Prize-winning scientist Alexander Fleming dies

1965 – The American navy begins inspecting Vietnamese junks in an effort to end arms smuggling to the South

1966 – Three men are convicted of murdering Malcolm X

1967 – US 1st Infantry Division troops engage in the heaviest battles of Operation Junction City during the Vietnam War

1969 – Levi-Strauss begins selling bell-bottomed jeans

1971 – Inventor Philo Farnsworth dies

1973 – An FBI agent is shot at Wounded Knee in South Dakota

1978 – Ivorian soccer player Didier Drogba is born

1985 – Mikhail Gorbachev is named the new leader of the Soviet Union

1989 – The television show COPS makes its debut on FOX

1990 – Lithuania declares its independence from the Soviet Union

1990 – Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet steps down

1993 – Janet Reno becomes the first female US Attorney General

1997 – The Beatles’ Paul McCartney was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his “services to music”

2004 – Ten bombs explode on four trains in three Madrid-area train stations during morning rush hour, set off by mobile phones from the al-Qaida terrorists. 191 are killed and almost 2,000 injured

2006 – 3rd President of Serbia, Montenegro Slobodan Milosevic dies

2011 – An earthquake triggers a deadly 23-foot tsunami in Japan, causing the cooling system of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station to fail and a nuclear crisis to begin the second worst in history

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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