This Day in History - July 7

July 7

1307 – Edward I of England dies

1742 – A Spanish force invading Georgia runs headlong into the colony’s British defenders in a battle that decides the fate of the colony

1752 – French inventor, textile industry pioneer, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, is born

1777 – American troops give up Fort Ticonderoga, on Lake Champlain, to the British

1791 – Benjamin Rush, Richard Allen, and Absalom Jones found the Non-denominational African Church

1795 – Thomas Paine defends the principle of universal suffrage at the Constitutional Convention in Paris

1797 – For the first time in US history, the House of Representatives exercises its constitutional power of impeachment and voted to charge Senator William Blount of Tennessee with “high misdemeanor, entirely inconsistent with his public duty and trust as a Senator”

1798 – Napoleon Bonaparte’s army begins its march toward Cairo from Alexandria

1807 – Czar Alexander meets with Napoleon Bonaparte

1814 – Sir Walter Scott’s novel Waverley is published anonymously so as not to damage his reputation as a poet

1815 – After defeating Napoleon at Waterloo, the victorious Allies march into Paris

1853 – Japan opens its port to trade with the West after 250 years of isolation

1860 – Composer and conductor, Gustav Mahler, is born

1863 – Confederate General Robert Lee in Hagerstown, Maryland, reports his defeat at Gettysburg to President Jefferson Davis

1863 – Union’s Lieutenant Colonel Christopher “Kit” Carson leaves Santa Fe to begin his campaign against the Indians of New Mexico and Arizona

1865 – Mary Surratt becomes the first woman to be executed by the US government for her role as a conspirator in the Abraham Lincoln assassination

1887 – French painter and designer, Marc Chagall, is born

1900 – Warren Earp of the famous gun fighting brothers, is killed in an Arizona saloon

1906 – Baseball pitcher, Leroy “Satchel” Page, is born

1907 – Writer, Robert A. Heinlein, is born

1912 – Jim Thorpe wins the pentathlon at the fifth modern Olympics in Stockholm

1917 – The British Army Council Instruction Number 1069 formally establishes the British Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps

1925 – Afrikaans is recognized as one of the official languages of South Africa, along with English and Dutch

1927 – Christopher Stone becomes the first British ‘disc jockey’ when he plays records for BBC

1930 – Construction of the Hoover Dam begins

1930 – Scottish author and physician Arthur Conan Doyle dies

1933 – Author and historian, David McCullough, is born

1940 – Musician, Ringo Starr, is born

1941 – Although a neutral country, the US sends troops to occupy Iceland to keep it out of Germany’s hands

1942 – Heinrich Himmler decides to begin experimenting on women in the Auschwitz concentration camps and to investigate extending experimentation onto males

1943 – Adolf Hitler makes the V-2 missile program a top priority in armament planning

1946 – Future President, Jimmy Carter, marries Eleanor Rosalynn Smith

1955 – China announces it will provide economic aid to Hanoi during Vietnam

1964 – General Maxwell Taylor, the new ambassador to South Vietnam, arrives in Saigon

1966 – The US Marine Corps launches Operation Hasting to drive the North Vietnamese Army back across the Demilitarized Zone in Vietnam

1969 – The first US units to withdraw from South Vietnam leave Saigon

1976 – Women are enrolled into the US Military Academy at West Point, New York, for the first time

1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor becomes the first woman to serve on the Supreme Court

1983 – Samantha Smith, an eleven-year-old girl, begins a two-week visit to the Soviet Union at the invitation of Soviet leader Yuri Andropov.  Andropov had received a letter from Smith as part of a school project and had surprisingly replied to it personally, asking for her to visit the Soviet Union to learn about the country

1987 – A gasoline tanker truck crashes into an ice cream parlor in Herborn, Germany, killing 50

2000 – Stock car driver Kenny Irwin Jr. dies in a crash

2005 – Terrorists, al-Qaida, detonate bombs in three crowded London subways and a bus killing 56 and injuring 700

2006 – English singer, songwriter, and guitarist, Syd Barrett, dies

2008 – American painter, photographer, and director, Bruce Conner, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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