This Day in History - June 24

June 24

217 BC – Carthaginian forces led by Hannibal destroy a Roman army under consul Gaius Flaminius in a battle at Lake Trasimene in central Italy

1314 – Scottish forces, led by Robert the Bruce, win an overwhelming victory against English King Edward II at the Battle of Bannockburn

1340 – The English fleet defeats the French fleet at Sluys, off the Flemish coast

1398 – Founder of the Ming Dynasty, Hongwu Emperor of China, dies

1497 – Explorer John Cabot lands in North America in present-day Canada

1509 – Henry VIII is crowned King of England

1533 – Robert Dudley, First Earl of Leicester, is born

1604 – English courtier, Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, dies

1664 – The Colony of New Jersey, named after the Isle of Jersey, is founded

1647 – Margaret Brent, demands a voice and a vote for herself in the Maryland colonial assembly

1675 – King Phillip’s War begins when a band of Wampanoag warriors raid the border settlement of Swansea, Massachusetts, massacring the English colonists

1803 – One of New Hampshire’s delegates to the second Continental Congress and an ex-post- facto signer of the Declaration of Independence, Matthew Thornton, dies

1812 – Napoleon crosses the Neman River and invades Russia

1813 – Clergyman, Henry Ward Beecher, is born

1842 – Writer and satirist, Ambrose Bierce, is born

1848 – American historian, son of Charles Francis Adams, Brooks Adams, is born

1850 – English field marshal Herbert Kitchener, First Earl Kitchener, is born

1859 – At the Battle of Solferino, also known as the Battle of the Three Sovereigns, the French army led by Napoleon III, defeats the Austrian army under Franz Joseph I

1861 – Federal gunboats attack Confederate batteries at Mathias Point, Virginia

1862 – US intervention saves the British and French at the Dagu Forts in China

1864 – Colorado Governor John Evans orders all Indians in the region to report to the Sand Creek reservation or risk being attacked.  These conditions will lead to the Sand Creek Massacre

1883 – Physicist, Victor Francis Hess, is born

1885 – Future President Woodrow Wilson marries his first wife, Ellen Louise Axson in Savannah, Georgia

1895 – Boxer and world heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey, is born

1896 – Booker T. Washington becomes the first black to receive an honorary MA degree from Harvard University

1901 – Composer, Harry Partch, is born

1901 – The first major exhibition of Pablo Picasso’s artwork opens at a gallery on Paris’ rue Lafitte

1908 – 22nd President of the US, Grover Cleveland, dies

1910 – The Japanese army invades Korea

1912 – Editor, Norman Cousins, is born

1913 – Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria following border disputes over Macedonia and Thrace

1915 – British mathematician and astronomer, Fred Hoyle, is born

1915 – Young Oswald Boelcke, one of the earliest and best German fighter pilots of WWI, makes the first operational flight of the Fokker Eindecker plane

1916 – Poet John Ciardi is born

1930 – French film director, Claude Chabrol, is born

1931 – The Soviet Union and Afghanistan sign a treaty of neutrality

1935 – Journalist, Pete Hamill, is born

1940 – France signs an armistice with Italy

1941 – President Franklin Roosevelt pledges all possible support to the Soviet Union

1943 – Royal Air Force Bombers hammer Muelheim, Germany, in a drive to cripple the Ruhr industrial base

1945 – Soviet troops parade past Red Square in celebration of their victory over Germany

1948 – The Soviet Union begins the Berlin Blockade, and America responds with the Berlin Airlift

1953 – John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier announce their engagement

1955 – Soviet MiGs down a US Navy patrol plane over the Bering Strait

1964 – The Federal Trade Commission announces that starting in 1965, cigarette makers must include warning labels about the harmful effects of smoking

1966 – The US Senate votes for passage of what will become the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act, the nation’s first mandatory federal safety standards for motor vehicles

1970 – The US Senate votes overwhelmingly to repeal the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

1973 – The world’s oldest statesman, Eamon de Valera, resigns as president of Ireland at the age of 90

1973 – Graham Martin is sworn in as Ambassador to South Vietnam

1975 – An Eastern Airlines jet crashes near JFK Airport, killing 115

1978 – Argentine soccer player, Juan Roman Riquelme, is born

1987 – Argentine soccer player, Lionel Messi, is born

1987 – Actor and singer Jackie Gleason dies

1993 – Yale University computer science professor David Gelernter is seriously injured while opening his mail when a padded envelope explodes in his hands- the work of the Unabomber.  For years bombs were set off in various places, injuring many and killing two.  The Unabomber, Theodore Kaczynski, was captured with help from his older brother David, and he was sentenced to four life terms in prison

1995 – South Africa defeats New Zealand in the finals of the Rugby World Cup at Ellis Park in Johannesburg, with Nelson Mandela in the audience

1997 – The US Air Force releases a 231-page report dismissing long-standing claims of an alien spacecraft crash in Roswell, New Mexico, almost exactly 50 years earlier

1997 – The Walt Disney Corporation orders one of its subsidiary record labels to recall 100,000 already shipped copies of an album by a recently signed artist, Insane Clown Posse, on the day of its planned release due to lyrics

2000 – Argentinian singer and songwriter, Rodrigo, dies

2005 – Actor Tom Cruise gives his infamous interview with Matt Lauer, host of NBC’s morning talk show, Today.  Cruise criticizes actress Brook Shields for using anti-depressants drugs to battle her postpartum depression, and then took Lauer to task over the use of Ritalin.  Cruise, a leading member of the Church of Scientology, was combative with Lauer

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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