This Day in History - July 19

July 19

1374 – Italian scholar and poet, Petrarch, dies

1525 – The Catholic princes of Germany from the Dessau League to fight against the Reformation

1543 – English sister of Anne Boleyn, Mary Boleyn, dies

1545 – King Henry VIII of England watches his flagship, Mary Rose, capsize as it leaves to battle the French

1553 – Lady Jane Grey is deposed in favor of her cousin Mary, leading to her imprisonment and execution

1779 – Massachusetts begins ill-fated Penobscot expedition to capture a 750-man British garrison at Castine on the Penobscot Peninsula

1788 – Prices plunge on the Paris stock market

1799 – The Rosetta Stone, a tablet with hieroglyphic translations into Greek, is found in Egypt

1814 – Gunmaker, Samuel Colt, is born

1827 – Indian freedom fighter, Mangal Pandey, is born

1834 – French impressionist painter, Edgar Degas, is born

1848 – The first Women’s Rights Convention convenes in Seneca Falls, NY, organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton

1860 – Famous murder suspect, Lizzie Borden, is born

1863 – Confederates are defeated at Buffington Island, Ohio

1865 – American surgeon, co-founder of the Mayo Clinic, Charles Mayo, is born

1870 – France declares war on Prussia

1879 – Doc Holliday commits his first murder, killing a man for shooting up his New Mexico saloon

1884 – President Chester Arthur issues a proclamation that grants him the power to quarantine immigrants

1893 – Russian poet, Vladimir Mayakovsky, is born

1896 – Scottish novelist, AJ Cronin, is born

1898 – Novelist, Emile Zola, flees France to escape imprisonment after being convicted of libel against the French army in the Dreyfus affair

1905 – Journalist, Edgar Snow, is born

1919 – The Cenotaph, a monument to those killed or wounded during WWI, is unveiled in Whitehall, London

1921 – American author and broadcaster, Harold Camping, is born

1922 – US Senator and presidential candidate, George McGovern, is born

1942 – German U-boats are withdrawn from positions off the US Atlantic coast due to American anti-submarine countermeasures

1942 – George Washington Carver begins experimental project of developing synthetic rubber from plant life with Henry Ford

1943 – More than 150 B-17 and 112 B-24 bombers attack Rome for the first time

1956 – US withdraws offer of aid to Egypt to help with the construction of the Aswan Dam, which will be a contributing factor to the Suez Crisis

1964 – South Vietnamese Premier Nguyen Khanh calls for the expansion of the war to North Vietnam

1972 – Washington and Hanoi announce that Paris peace talks have resumed

1975 – Apollo and Soyuz spacecrafts dock in orbit

1979 – Two gigantic supertankers collide off the Island of Little Tobago in the Caribbean Sea, killing 26 crew members and dumping 280,000 tons of crude oil into the sea

1980 – German philosopher, Hans Morgenthau, dies

1989 – Sitcom actress Rebecca Shaeffer is murdered at her Los Angeles home by Robert John Bardo, a mentally unbalanced man who had been stalking her, leading to anti-stalking legislation in California

1991 – Boxer Mike Tyson rapes Desiree Washington, a Miss Black America pageant contestant in an Indianapolis hotel room, launching a media sensation that continued even after he was done serving his prison sentence

1992 – British golfer, Nick Faldo, wins the British Open by two shots over American John Cook at Muirfield

2002 – American historian and author, Alan Lomax, dies

2003 – Thousands of fans join the Miami funeral procession of music legend Celia Cruz, according to her wishes

2009 – Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Frank McCourt, dies

2012 – Vice President of Egypt, Omar Suleiman, dies


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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