This Day in History - July 9

July 9

118 – Hadrian, Rome’s new emperor, makes his entry into the city

455 – Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, becomes Emperor of the West

1553 – Maurice of Saxony is killed at Sievershausen, Germany while defeating Albert of Brandenburg-Kulmbach

1609 – Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia freedom of worship

1737 – Gian Gastone de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, dies

1755 – General Edward Braddock is killed by French and Indian troops

1764 – English novelist, Ann Radcliffe, is born

1777 – New York elects Brigadier General George Clinton to be the first governor of the independent state of New York

1789 – In Versailles, the French National Assembly declares itself the Constituent Assembly and begins to prepare a French constitution

1790 – The Swedish Navy captures one-third of the Russian fleet at the Battle of Svenskund in the Baltic Sea

1797 – Irish politician and philosopher, Edmund Burke, dies

1819 – Inventor of the sewing machine, Elias Howe, is born

1846 – An American naval captain occupies the settlement of Yerba Buena, a site that will later be named San Francisco

1850 – US President, Zachary Taylor, dies in office and is succeeded by Millard Fillmore

1850 – Iranian founder of ism, Bab, dies

1858 – Anthropologist, Franz Boas, is born

1861 – Confederate cavalry led by John Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky

1864 – Confederate General Jubal Early strikes a Yankee force at the Battle of Monocacy as he heads to Washington, DC

1877 – The first Wimbledon tournament begins between the All England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club

1887 – Biographer and historian, Samuel Eliot Morison, is born

1894 – Journalist, writer, and radio commentator, Dorothy Thompson, is born

1900 – The Commonwealth of Australia is established by an act of British Parliament, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government

1908 – Abstract photographer, Minor White, is born

1915 – Germans surrender Southwest Africa to Union of South Africa

1918 – Two trains collide outside Nashville, killing 101 people

1918 – Nobel Prize-winning poet and writer, William Faulkner, joins the Royal Air Force but will never see combat as WWI ends before his training is complete

1926 – Geneticist, Mathilde Krim, is born

1932 – 13th and 21st US Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, is born

1933 – Neurologist and author, Oliver Sachs, is born

1936 – Author and poet, June Jordan, is born

1937 – Painter, David Hockney, is born

1941 – Crackerjack British cryptologists break the secret code aka Enigma Key used by the German army to direct ground-to-air operations on the Eastern front

1942 – Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the attic above her father’s office in an Amsterdam warehouse

1943 – American and British forces make an amphibious landing on Sicily

1947 – General Dwight Eisenhower appoints Florence Blanchfield to be a lieutenant colonel in the US Army, making her the first woman to hold permanent military rank

1947 – American football player, actor, and author, OJ Simpson, is born

1948 – 42-year-old Leroy “Satchel” Paige pitches two innings for the Cleveland Indians in his debut

1950 – 4th President of the Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych, is born

1959 – Wrestler and actor, Kevin Nash, is born

1960 – President Dwight Eisenhower and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev trade verbal threats over the future of Cuba

1962 – Artist Bob Dylan records “Blowin’ In The Wind”

1966 – Soviets protest US bombing of Haiphong, claiming airstrikes endangered four Soviet ships

1967 – Pakistani dentist and stateswoman, Fatima Jinnah, dies

1971 – The US turns over complete responsibility of the Demilitarized Zone to South Vietnamese units

1993 – British forensic scientists announce they have positively identified the remains of Russia’s last czar, Nicholas II, his wife Czarina Alexandra, and three of their daughters, using mitochondrial DNA fingerprinting to identify the excavated bones.  Bolshevik troops had executed Nicholas and his family, ending the Romanov dynasty.  Their final resting place remained a Soviet secret for more than six decades, leading to rumors about their whereabouts, including the story of Anastasia, the lost princess who survived the attack.  The scientists concluded they had the bones of Anastasia, and the lost princess (who may or may not have escaped execution) was in fact, Maria

1996 – Dr. Lin Russell, her two daughters, and their dog were all brutally attacked by a man wielding a hammer on their way home to Nonington Village, Kent, England, after a swimming gala.  The man forced them to sit down in the woods, blindfolded them with their torn towels, and bludgeoned them one by one.  Nine-year-old Josie was the sole survivor but had to relearn to speak and some of her brain tissue had to be removed.  Michael Stone was convicted of the crime and was sentenced to three life terms

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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