This Day in History - August 8

August 8

1306 – King Wenceslas of Poland is murdered.

1356 – Edward “the Black Prince” began a raid north from Aquitaine.

1570 – Charles IX of France signs the Treaty of St. Germain, ending the third war of religion and giving religious freedom to the Huguenots.

1636 – The invading armies of Spain, Austria, and Bavaria are stopped at the village of St. Jean-de-Losne, only five miles from France.

1648 – Ibrahim, the sultan of Istanbul, is thrown into prison and then assassinated.

1775 – Captain Daniel Morgan and his Virginia riflemen arrive in Cambridge, Mass during the American Revolution.

1786 – Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard become the first men to climb Mont Blanc in France.

1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte set sail for St. Helena, where he would spend the rest of his life in exile.

1818 – Poet, John Keats, returns from a walking tour of the Lakes Districts and Scotland, showing signs of tuberculosis that would kill him. Keats authored “Ode on a Grecian Urn” and “Ode to a Nightingale.”

1827 – Prime Minister of the UK, George Canning, dies.

1839 – A controversial officer in the Plains Indians Wars, Nelson Miles, is born in Massachusetts.

1844 – Brigham Young is chosen to lead the Mormons.

1863 – Confederate General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia to Confederate President Jefferson Davis, in the aftermath of his defeat at Gettysburg, PA during the Civil War.

1865 – Explorer, Matthew A. Henson, is born.

1876 – Thomas Edison patents the mimeograph.

1879 – The leader of peasants and indigenous people to reclaim invaded land from the hands of a rancher during the Mexican revolution, Emiliano Zapata, is born in Anenecuilco, Mexico.

1883 – Mexican revolutionary leader, Emiliano Zapata, is born.

1896 – Author, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, is born.

1899 – A.T. Marshall receives patent for the refrigerator.

1900 – The first Davis Cup series begins in Boston.

1901 – Inventor and Nobel Prize-winning physicist, Ernest Orlando Lawrence, is born.

1908 – Lawyer, Arthur J. Goldberg, is born.

1909 – Australian saint and co-founder of the Sisters of St. Joseph of the Sacred Heart, Mary MacKillop, dies.

1925 – The first national congress of the Ku Klux Klan opens.

1937 – The Japanese Army occupies Beijing.

1937 – Actor, Dustin Hoffman, is born.

1940 – The German Luftwaffe begins series of daylight air raids on Great Britain.

1942 – Six German spies are executed in the U.S. for plotting to attack U.S. civil infrastructure.

1944 – German SS officer, Michael Wittmann, dies.

1945 – The United Nations Charter was signed by President Truman.

1945 – The Soviet Union declared war on Japan during World War II.

1948 - Soviet cosmonaut and the first woman to walk in space, Svetlana Y. Savitskaya is born.

1950 – Whataburger opens in Corpus Christi, TX.

1953 – English race car driver, Nigel Mansell, is born.

1953 – The U.S. and South Korea initiated a mutual security pact.

1956 – Japan launches the largest oil tanker in the world at 780 feet long and 84,730 tons.

1956 – A coal-mine fire kills 262 workers in Marcinelle, Belgium, leading to many policy changes.

1963 – 15 thieves involved in the Great Train Robbery, one of the most famous heists of all time, escape in an ex-British Army truck and two stolen Land Rover four-wheel drive vehicles, taking with them some $7 million in stolen items.

1964 – Author and founding member of TED Global, M. Ashman, is born

1966 – Michael DeBakey became the first surgeon to install an artificial heart pump in a patient.

1968 – Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew are chosen as the presidential and vice-presidential nominees of the Republican Party.

1969 – Singer, songwriter, and actress, Faye Wong, is born.

1973 – American serial killer, Dean Corll, dies.

1974 – President Nixon announced he would resign the following day.

1978 – The U.S. launches Pioneer Venus II carrying scientific probes to study Venus’ atmosphere.

1981 – Swiss tennis player, Roger Federer, is born.

1981 – Singer-songwriter, Harel Skaat, is born.

1985 – Actress and dancer, Louise Brooks, dies.

1988 – A ceasefire between Iraq and Iran is announced.

1988 – N.W.A.’s Straight Outta Compton is released.

1988 – The Chicago Cubs host the first night game in the history of Wrigley Field.

1989 – The space shuttle Columbia left from Cape Canaveral, FL in what was said to be a “secret five-day military mission.”

1990 – American forces began positioning in Saudi Arabia.

1990 – Iraq annexes the state of Kuwait as its 19th province, six days after Iraqi troops invaded.

1991 – John McCarthy, a British TV producer was released by his Lebanese kidnappers after 5 years in captivity. Rival group abducted Jerome Leyraud in retaliation and threatened to kill him if more hostages were released.

1992 – The “Dream Team” won the gold medal in basketball by beating Croatia in the Barcelona Summer Olympics.

1994 – The first road link between Jordan and Israel opened.

1995 – Saddam Hussein’s two eldest daughters and their husbands, as well as several senior officers defected.

2007 – An EF2 tornado hits Brooklyn, New York, the first in that borough since 1889.

2008 – Georgia invades South Ossetia, setting off a five-day war between Georgia and Russia.


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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