This Day in History - August 18

August 18

1227 – Mogul conqueror Genghis Khan dies in China

1587 – The first English child born in what would become the US. Virginia was born to Ellinor and Ananias Dare in the Roanoke Island colony

1590 – John White returns from a trip to England, to Roanoke Island to discover the 117 settlers he brought to establish the colony have disappeared. No trace of the settlers was ever found

1698 – Charles XII of Sweden forces Frederick IV of Denmark to sign the Peace of Travendal after invading his land

1750 – Italian composer Antonio Salieri is born

1759 – The Battle of Lagos Bay takes place and the French fleet is destroyed by the British under “Old Dreadnought” Boscawen

1774 – American explorer who led Corps of Discovery with William Clark, Meriwether Lewis, is born

1780 – British win at Fishing Creek and lose at Musgrove’s Mill in the American Revolution

1782 – Artist and poet William Blake marries Catherine Sophia Boucher

1792 – Prime Minister of England from 1846-1852 and 1865-1866, Lord John Russell, is born

1795 – President George Washington signs the Jay Treaty with Great Britain

1807 – US diplomat and son of John Quincy Adams, Charles F. Adams, is born

1809 – English businessman and engineer Matthew Boulton dies

1850 – French author and playwright Honore de Balzac dies

1853 – Cyrus Skinner, who would later be hanged by the Montana vigilantes, is released from San Quentin in the Old West

1862 – Union troops raid Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart’s headquarters during the Civil War

1864 – Union General William T. Sherman sends General Judson Kilpatrick on an unsuccessful raid of Confederate lines of communication outside Atlanta during Civil War

1864 – Union attacks railroad at Globe Tavern in Virginia to cut off Confederate supply line successfully, but Confederates merely use wagon rather than trains instead during Civil War

1870 – The French are defeated at the Battle of Gravelotte during the Franco-Prussian War

1894 – Congress establishes the Bureau of Immigration

1910 – Polish and American composer Herman Berlinski is born

1914 – Germany declares war on Russia and President Woodrow Wilson issues the Proclamation of Neutrality

1917 – Italian army launches their 11th battle against Austro-Hungarian troops on the Isonzo River near the Italy-Austria-Hungary border during World War I

1918 – Italian writer Elsa Morante is born

1920 – Tennessee becomes a state, and the nineteenth amendment granting women’s suffrage is ratified

1922 – Academy Award-winning actress Shelly Winters is born

1923 – Blues singer Jimmy Witherspoon is born

1929 – The first cross-country women’s air derby begins

1932 – Virologist who discovered HIV, Luc Montagnier, is born

1931 – The Yangtze River in China floods killing 3.7 million people either directly or indirectly over the next several months. It is considered to be one of the worst natural disasters of the 20th century

1933 – Polish film director Roman Polanski is born

1934 – Pittsburgh Pirates outfielder, Roberto Clemente is born. Clemente will become the first Latin American enshrined in National Baseball Hall of Fame, and dies in a plane crash while delivering aid to victims of earthquake in Nicaragua on December 31, 1972

1936 – Actor Robert Redford is born

1936 – During the Spanish Civil War, Spanish playwright and poet Federico Garcia Lorca is shot and killed by Franco’s soldiers

1937 – Cartoonist, actor and author William George Rushton is born

1939 – The film The Wizard of Oz opens in New York City

1940 – Singer Frankie Avalon is born

1940 – Walter Chrysler, automotive tycoon dies

1941 – Due to protests, Adolf Hitler orders the murdering of mentally ill and handicapped be brought to an end in Germany during World War II

1942 – Japan sends a crack army (well-trained) to Guadalcanal to fight US Marines during World War II

1943 – The Royal Air Force Bomber Command completes first major strike against a German missile development facility at Peenemunde in World War II

1945 – Indian politician and activist Subhas Chandra Bose dies

1952 – Actor and dancer Patrick Swayze is born

1958 – Lolita, a controversial novel by Vladimir Nabokov, about a man’s obsession with a 12-year old girl, that had been rejected by four previous publishers, is published by G.P. Putnam’s Sons

1961 – TV News anchor and journalist Robert Warren “Bob” Woodruff is born. He will be critically wounded by a roadside bomb while reporting on the war in Iraq in 2006

1962 – President of Mexico from 2006-2012, Felipe Calderon is born

1963 – The first African American to attend University of Mississippi, James Meredith, graduates

1965 – The beginning of major US ground operations in Vietnam begins with Operation Starlite

1966 – Australian troops take on a Viet Cong attack at Long Tan during the Vietnam War

1968 – The North Vietnamese and Viet Cong launch 19 separate attacks throughout South Vietnam during the Vietnam War

1969 – Actor Christian Slater is born

1969 – Two people die at Woodstock Music and Art Fair in Bethel, New York-one with a burst appendix and the other with an overdose of heroin

1971 – Australia and New Zealand announce their withdrawal of troops from Vietnam during Vietnam War

1973 – Hank Aaron surpasses Stan Musial’s extra-base hit record with 1,378

1974 – The USSR’s final major lunar exploration mission, Luna 23, soft-lands on the moon

1979 – Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini demands a “Saint War” against Kurds

1982 – Pete Rose sets a new record with his 13,941st plate appearance

1983 – Australian cricket player Cameron White is born

1987 – Ohio nurse that poisoned 24 patients, Donald Harvey, is sentenced to triple life terms

1988 – Republican Convention in New Orleans nominate the George H.W. Bush-Dan Quayle ticket

1988 – Judge Gary M. Little fatally shoots himself hours before the Seattle Post Intelligencer releases an article about him, accusing him of sexually exploiting juvenile defendants among others

1990 – Author and psychologist BF Skinner dies

1991 – Soviet Union President Mikhail S. Gorbachev is placed under house and the arrest and the government taken over by a group of communist leaders unhappy with the beginnings of a collapsing of the Soviet Union

1992 – The Boston Celtics forward, Larry Bird, retires

1993 – Historic Kapelbrug aka chapel bridge in Luzern, Switzerland built in 1365 burns, destroying 147 of its decorative paintings

2005 – The BTK Killer (Blind, Torture, Kill) receives 10 consecutive life sentences for brutally murdering 10 in Wichita, Kansas

2009 – 8th President of South Korea Nobel, Kim Dae-jung dies

2010 – The mayor of Santiago, Nuevo Leon and champion of crackdowns on organized crime and police corruption, Edelmiro Cavazos is found dead. He was handcuffed and blindfolded and had been abducted three days earlier

2011 – Gold hits a record price of $1,826 per ounce

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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