This Day in History - February 25

February 25

805 – Emperor Dezong of Tang dies

1570 – Pope Pius V issues the papal bull Regnans in Excelsis to excommunicate Queen Elizabeth of England

1601 – Robert Devereux, the second Earl of Essex, is beheaded in the Tower of London for high treason

1642 – Dutch settlers massacre lower Hudson Valley Indians in New Netherland, North America, who sought refuge from Mohawk attackers

1723 – English architect that designed St. Paul’s Cathedral, Christopher Wren dies

1778 – 1st President of Peru, Jose de San Martin is born

1779 – The British surrender the Illinois country to George Rogers Clark at Vincennes

1781 – American General Nathaniel Greene crosses the Dan River on his way to attack General Cornwallis

1791 – President George Washington signs a bill creating the Bank of the US

1793 – The first US cabinet meeting is held in the home of George Washington

1804 – Thomas Jefferson is nominated for president at the Democratic-Republican caucus

1815 – Bonaparte Napoleon leaves his exile on the island of Elba to return to France

1828 – John Adams, son of President John Quincy Adams, marries his first cousin, Mary Catherine Hellen at the White House

1831 – The Polish army stops the Russian advance at the Battle of Grochow

1836 – Samuel Colt patents the first revolving cylinder multi-shot firearm

1841 – Pierre Auguste Renoir, French painter and founder of the French Impressionist movement, is born

1848 – The Union Pacific Railroad baron, Edward Harriman, is born

1856 – US art collector, Charles Lang Freer is born

1861 – Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner is born

1862 – Confederate troops abandon Nashville, Tennessee due to Grant’s advance

1862 – The ironclad Monitor is commissioned at the Brooklyn Navy Yard

1862 – Congress passes the Legal Tender Act, authorizing the use of paper notes to pay the government’s bills

1865 – General Joseph Johnston replaces John Bell Hood as Commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee

1870 – Hiram Rhoades Revels is sworn into the US Senate, becoming the first black ever to sit in Congress

1873 – Italian opera tenor Enrico Caruso is born

1888 – Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, is born

1890 – Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Skryabin, aka Molotov, foreign minister for the Soviet Union, is born

1894 – Spiritual leader Meher Baba is born

1895 – German fighter ace in World War I, Rudolf von Eschwege is born

1901 – JP Morgan formed US Steel Corporation, the first billion-dollar corporation in the world

1904 – JM Synge’s play, Riders to the Sea opens in Dublin

1905 – Nutritionist Adele Davis is born

1910 – The 13th Dalai Lama flees to India

1913 – The 16th Amendment to the Constitution, setting the legal basis for income tax

1916 – German troops seize Fort Douaumont in Verdun, France, beginning the longest and bloodiest battle of World War I

1917 – English writer Anthony Burgess is born

1919 – Oregon introduces the first state tax on gasoline at one cent per gallon

1926 – Poland demands a permanent seat on the League of Nations Council

1928 – Bell Labs introduces a new device to end the flickering on the television image

1938 – Miami, Florida gets its first drive-in theater

1943 – US troops retake the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia

1943 – Singer, songwriter, guitarist and producer George Harrison is born

1944 – US forces destroy 135 Japanese planes in Marianas and Guam

1947 – The state of Prussia is dissolved

1948 – President Eduard Benes allows a communist government to be organized in Czechoslovakia

1949 – Actor Robert Mitchum is released from Los Angeles County prison farm after spending his last week of his two-month sentence there for marijuana possession

1952 – French colonial forces evacuate Hoa Binh in Indochina

1956 – Josef Stalin is secretly criticized by Nikita Khrushchev at a party convention, for promoting the “cult of the individual”

1956 – Poet Sylvia Plath meets her future husband, poet Ted Hughes at a party

1964 – Cassius Clay knocks out Sonny Liston in a seventh-round technical knockout

1970 – American painter Mark Rothko dies

1971 – In both houses of Congress, legislation is initiated to forbid US military support of any South Vietnamese invasion of North Vietnam without congressional approval

1972 – US troops fight with North Vietnamese at the largest battle in nearly a year

1975 – American religious leader Elijah Muhammad dies

1976 – The US Supreme Court rules that states may ban the hiring of illegal aliens

1983 – American playwright, Tennessee Williams, is born

1986 – Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos flees to Hawaii to escape mass demonstrations against his rule

1986 – Corazon Aquino is sworn in as the 11th President of the Philippines

1984 – An explosion caused by gas pipelines kills at least 500, mostly small children, in a shantytown in Brazil

1990 – Violeta Chamorro is elected president of Nicaragua

1991 – The Warsaw Pact is disabled

1994 – Baruch Goldstein, an Israeli doctor, kills 30 unarmed Palestinians in the Mosque of Abraham

2001 – Australian cricketer Donald Bradman dies

2004 – Mel Gibson’s The Passion of the Christ opens in theaters across this US

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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