This Day in History - September 22

September 22

1515 – Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry the VIII, is born

1554 – In the times of the Old West, Spanish explorer Francisco Vazquez Coronado dies without finding the fabled cities of gold that he spent decades searching for, but he did, however, give the Spanish and the rest of the world their first accurate understanding of the inhabitants and geography of the southern half of the present United States

1598 – Playwright Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter after a duel. Jonson was acquainted with the most important court figures of the 17th century England and young writers admired him, calling themselves “sons of Ben.” He was famous for his witty verbal battles at pubs like Mermaid Tavern and was as well-known during his time as Shakespeare. He became the first unofficial poet laureate of England and received royal pension for being favored by the court in 1616

1656 – In Patuxent, Maryland, the General Provincial Court impanels the first all-women jury in the Colonies to hear evidence against Judith Catchpole, who is accused of murdering her child. The jury acquits after hearing her defense of never having been pregnant

1694 – Statesman of letters, Philip Dormer Stanhope, is born

1711 – The Tuscarora Indian War begins with a massacre of settlers in North Carolina, following white encroachment that included enslaving of Indian children

1776 – Captain Nathan Hale is hanged as a spy by the British in New York City during the Revolutionary War

1788 – English novelist, Theodore Hook, is born

1789 – Aleksandr Suvorov’s Russian forces drive the Turkey army under Yusuf Pasha from the Rymnik River, upsetting the Turkish invasion of Russia

1789 – Congress authorizes the office of the Postmaster-General

1791 – English physicist and inventor of the dynamo, the transformer, and the electric motor, Michael Faraday, is born

1792 – The French Republic is proclaimed

1828 – Shaka, the founder of the Zulu Kingdom of southern Africa, is murdered by his two half-brothers, Dingane and Mhlangana, after Shaka’s mental illness threatened to destroy the Zulu tribe. His brother Dingane went on to become king of the Zulu’s

1862 – President Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, calling for all slaves within rebel states to be freed on January 1, as a political move that helps keep the British from intervening on the side of the south during the Civil War

1864 – General Jubal Early’s Confederate troops are defeated by Union General Philip Sheridan at the Battle of Fisher’s Hill in Virginia during the Civil War

1869 – The first professional baseball team, the Cincinnati Red Stockings, arrive in San Francisco after a barnstorming tour of the West

1885 – Director, actor, and screenwriter, Erich Von Stroheim, is born

1893 – Bicycle makers, Charles and Frank Duryea, show off the first American automobile produced for sale to the public by taking it on a maiden run through the streets of Springfield, Massachusetts

1902 – Director, producer, and actor, John Houseman, is born

1902 – 1st Supreme Leader of Iran, Ruhollah Khomeini, is born

1906 – 21 die as a result of race riots in Atlanta, Georgia

1909 – Sociologist and author, David Riesman, is born

1914 – The German cruiser Emden shells Madras, India, destroying 346,000 gallons of fuel and killing only five civilians

1915 – The first African-American Catholic college opens in New Orleans, Lousiana as Xavier University

1918 – Haifa and Nazareth, Palestine are taken from the Turks by General Allenby and his British army

1919 – President Woodrow Wilson abandons his national tour to support the League of Nations when he suffers a case of nervous exhaustion

1927 – Manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers, Tommy Lasorda, is born

1927 – Heavyweight boxing champion Gene Tunney, with the help of a controversial long count, defeats former champ Jack Dempsey at Soldier Field in Chicago

1929 – Communist and Nazi factions clash in Berlin

1933 – Author, Fay Weldon, is born

1939 – Japanese mountain climber, Junko Tabei, is born

1945 – President Harry Truman accepts US Secretary of War Stimson’s recommendation to designate the war World War II

1945 – General George S. Patton tells reporters that he does not see the need for “this denazification thing” and compares the controversy over Nazism to a “Democratic and Republican election fight”

1947 – The first automatic pilot flight takes place by a Douglas C-54 Skymaster over the Atlantic

1949 – US Marine Corps General, James “Hoss” Cartwright, is born

1953 – The first four-level interchange in the world opens in Los Angeles, California, at the intersection of the Harbor, Hollywood, Pasadena and Santa Ana freeways

1956 – Multiple Grammy-winning singer, author, and actress, Debby Boone, is born

1958 – Singer, songwriter, musician, producer, and actress, Joan Jett, is born

1958 – Italian tenor, songwriter, and producer, Andrea Bocelli, is born

1959 – Astrophysicist and Nobel Prize-winner, Saul Perlmutter, is born

1961 – The Peace Corps is established by congressional act and signed by President John Kennedy

1961 – American actress, Marion Davies, dies

1964 – Scottish politician, Liam Fox, is born

1964 – Presidential candidate Barry Goldwater charges President Lyndon Johnson with lying to the American people and committing them to the Vietnam War “recklessly”

1969 – Willie Mays of the San Francisco Giants ties Babe Ruth’s record by hitting 600 home runs

1970 – President Richard Nixon signs a bill giving the District of Columbia representation in Congress

1971 – Princess Martha Louise of Norway is born

1971 – Captain Ernest Medina is acquitted of all charges related to the My Lai massacre on 1968. His company was charged with the murder of over 200 Vietnamese civilians, including women and children, but the military judge made an error instructing the jury, forcing all charges to be dropped

1975 – The second attempt on his life in less than three weeks, US President Gerald Ford escapes assassination attempt by Sara Jane Moore

1980 – The longest convention war of the 20th century begins as Iraq invades Iran, starting the Iran-Iraq War

1980 – Glenn Dunn is shot and killed by a man carrying a gun concealed in a paper bag. Within two days, three other young black men were murdered in and around upstate New York and New York City. A few months later, six men were stabbed while walking on crowded New York streets, and four died from their wounds. Then two more men were killed in Buffalo by sawed-off rifle. A newly enlisted soldier at Fort Benning, Georgia slashed a black soldier and bragged to the nurse about killing 13 men in New York while on furlough. Joseph Christopher was sentenced to life in prison

1985 – The first “Farm Aid” concert is held in Champaign, Illinois, where musicians came together to raise awareness and money to help farming families keep farms on their land

1989 – Songwriter, Irving Berlin, dies at age 101

1991 – Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time

1993 – An Amtrak train headed to Miami derails near Mobile, Alabama, and plunges into the swamps, killing 47 people, 45 from drowning and 2 from burns from a fire that broke out. The accident was caused by the Mauvilla, a towboat that took the wrong turn on a foggy night and hit a bridge, knocking the train track out of alignment by several feet

1994 – The television sitcom Friends debuts on NBC

2007 – French actor and mime, Marcel Marceau, dies

2015 – American baseball player and manager, Yogi Berra, dies


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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