This Day in History - March 22

March 22

1599 – Artist Sir Anthony Van Dyck is born

1622 – Indians attack a group of colonists in the James River area of Virginia, killing 350

1630 – The fire legislation prohibiting gambling is enacted in Boston

1664 – Charles II gives large tracts of land from west of the Connecticut River to the east of Delaware Bay in North Africa to James, the Duke of York, his brother

1719 – Prussia’s Frederick William abolishes serfdom on crown property

1765 – The Stamp Act is passed on the American colonists

1775 – British statesman Edmund Burke makes a speech in the House of Commons, urging the government to adopt a policy of reconciliation with America

1784 – The Emerald Buddha is moved in a huge ceremony to its current location in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand

1790 – Thomas Jefferson becomes the first US Secretary of State

1794 – Congress passes laws prohibiting slave trade with foreign countries

1797 – German emperor Wilhelm I, is born

1817 – Confederate General Braxton Bragg is born

1820 – Hero of the Barbary Wars, US Navy officer Stephen Decatur, is killed in a duel with Navy Commodore James Barron in Maryland

1832 – German writer and scientist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe dies

1832 – British Parliament passes the Reform Act, increasing the electorate from about 500,000 voters to 813,000

1834 – Horace Greeley publishes New Yorker, a weekly literary and news magazine

1846 – Illustrator Randolph Caldecott is born

1859 – Quito, Ecuador suffers an earthquake that kills 5,000 and destroys some of the most famous buildings in South America

1894 – First championship series for Lord Stanley’s Cup is played in Canada

1901 – Japan proclaims that it is determined to keep Russia from encroaching on Korea

1904 – The first color photograph is published

1907 – Russian troops complete the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces

1907 – US Army General of the 82nd Airborne Division in WWII, James Gavin, is born

1908 – Western novelist Louis L’Amour is born

1915 – The Austrian garrison at Przemysl (Poland), the citadel guarding the Austro-Hungarian Empire, falls to the Russians

1915 – A German Zepplin makes a night raid on Paris railway stations

1919 – The first international airline service is inaugurated on a weekly schedule between Paris and Brussels

1923 – French mime Marcel Marceau is born

1930 – Composer and lyricist Stephen Sondheim is born

1933 – President Franklin Roosevelt signs a bill legalizing the sale and possession of beer and wine

1935 – Persia is renamed Iran

1936 – American union leader Ron Carey is born

1942 – Sir Stanford Cripps, a British statesman, arrives in India to talk with Mohandas Gandhi on Indian independence in what will be called the Cripps Mission

1945 – Representatives from Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan and Yemen form the Arab League

1946 – First US built rocket to leave the Earth’s atmosphere reaches a 50-mile height

1947 – President Truman issues an executive decree establishing a sweeping loyalty investigation of federal employees

1947 – Top selling novelist, James Patterson is born

1948 – The US announces a land reform plan for Korea

1948 – British composer Andrew Lloyd Webber is born

1954 – The London gold market reopens for the first time since 1939

1954 – The first shopping mall opens in Southfield, Michigan

1960 – Charles Hard Townes and Arthur Leonard Schawlow received the first patent for a laser

1963 – The Beatles release their first album, Please Please Me

1965 – The State Department acknowledges that the US had supplied the South Vietnamese forces with “non-lethal” gas

1968 – President Lyndon Johnson names General William Westmoreland as Army Chief of Staff

1972 – The US Senate passes the Equal Rights Amendment, but it fails to achieve ratification

1974 – The Viet Cong propose a truce with the US and South Vietnam

1976 – Actress and producer Reese Witherspoon is born

1983 – The Pentagon awards a $1 billion plus production contract to AM General Corporation t develop 55,000 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles, aka as the Humvee and in civilian form, the Hummer

1984 – Seven teachers at McMartin Preschool in Manhattan Beach, California are indicted after hearing testimony from 18 children claiming molestation. Seven million dollars and seven years later, the case came to a close with no evidence of wrongdoing

1990 – A jury in Anchorage, Alaska finds Captain Hazelwood not guilty in the Valdez oil spill

1993 – The Intel Corporation produces the first Pentium microprocessor

1997 – Comet Hale-Bopp made its closest approach to Earth in the skies over the northern hemisphere

1997 – Tara Lipinski becomes the youngest female figure skating champion in the world

2001 – Animator, director, producer, actor and co-founder of Hanna-Barbera, William Hanna dies

2007 – News Corporation and NBC Universal announce an internet venture

2009 – Mexican wrestler Abismo Negro dies

2009 – English nurse and author Jade Goody dies

2012 – Amadou Toumani Toure, the President of Mali, was ousted in a coup

2014 – A mudslide kills 43 in Oso, Washington

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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