This Day in History - March 12

March 12

538 – Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths, ends the siege of Rome retreating to Ravenna

1455 – First record of Johann Gutenberg’s Bible, by Enea Silvio Piccolomini, refers to the Bible being printed a year prior

1496 – The Jews are expelled from Syria

1507 – Cesare Borgia dies alongside his brother, the king of Navarre, in Spain

1554 – English theologian Richard Hooker, is born

1609 – The Bermuda Islands become an English colony

1664 – New Jersey becomes a British colony

1776 – A public notice appears in local papers recognizing the sacrifice of women to the cause of the revolution

1789 – The US Post Office is established

1809 – Great Britain signs a treaty with Persia forcing the French out of the country

1858 – Publisher of The New York Times, Adolph Simon Ochs, is born

1860 – Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill, providing free land in West for colonists

1862 – Nurse, teacher, and founder of the Red Cross, Jane Delano, is born

1863 – President Jefferson Davis delivers the State of the Confederacy address

1864 – The Red River Campaign begins as a combined Union force of infantry and riverboats start moving up the Red River in Louisiana

1864 – Anthropologist, neurologist, ethnologist and psychiatrist WHR Rivers is born

1879 – The British-Zulu War begins

1884 – Mississippi establishes the first US state college for women

1888 – A blizzard hits the New York region, killing hundreds of people and millions of dollars in damages

1888 – China approves a treaty forbidding Chinese laborers to enter the US for 20 years

1890 – Russian ballet dancer Vaslav Nijinsky, is born

1894 – Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time

1903 – The Czar of Russia issues a decree that provides nominal freedom of religion

1903 – The New York Highlanders are given the approval to join baseball’s American League

1909 – British Parliament increases naval appropriations for Great Britain

1911 – Dr. Fletcher of the Rockefeller Institute discovers the cause of infantile paralysis

1912 – Juliet Low founds the Girl Scouts

1914 – Engineer and inventor George Westinghouse dies

1917 – Russian troops mutiny during the “February Revolution”

1918 – Moscow becomes Russia’s capital city

1921 – Italian auto tycoon Giovanni “Gianni” Agnelli is born

1922 – American novelist Jack Kerouac is born

1925 – 1st President of the Republic of China, Sun Yat-sen dies

1928 – American dramatist Edward Albee is born

1930 – Gandhi begins his march to the sea to symbolize his opposition to the British rule in India

1933 – President Paul von Hindenburg drops the flag of the German Republic and orders that the swastika and Empire banner be flown side by side

1933 – President Roosevelt makes the first of his Sunday evening fireside chats

1938 – German troops enter Austria, forming the Anschluss (union) of Austria and Germany

1939 – Pius XII is elected the new pope in Rome

1944 – Great Britain bars all travel to neutral Ireland, which is suspected of collaborating with Nazi Germany

1945 – Diarist Anne Frank dies in a German concentration camp

1946 – Poet and memoirist Patricia Hampl is born

1946 – Actress, singer, and dancer, Liza Minnelli is born

1947 – President Harry Truman asks for US assistance for Greece and Turkey to stall communist domination of the two nations

1947 – 70th Governor of Massachusetts, Mitt Romney, is born

1955 – Saxophonist and composer Charlie Parker dies

1959 – The US House of Representatives joins the Senate in approving the statehood of Hawaii

1969 – The London drug squad appears at the house of George Harrison and Pattie Boyd with drug-sniffing canines, and they were arrested for possession of hashish.  Sergeant Pilcher, the man behind the raid, was convicted of planting drugs in other cases

1972 – The last of the First Australian Task Force withdraw from Vietnam

1979 – Singer, songwriter, guitarist Pete Doherty is born

1984 – Lebanese President Gemayel opens the second meeting in five years calling for the end to war

1985 – The US and the Soviet Union begins arms control talks in Geneva

1988 – Fans are involved in a stampede in Katmandu, Nepal, during a sudden hail storm, and at least 70 people are killed, and hundreds more are injured

1994 – The Church of England ordains women priests

1999 – Violinist and conductor Yehudi Menuhin dies

2002 – The color-coded terror alert system was unveiled by Homeland Security Chief Tom Ridge

2003 – Elizabeth Smart is found in Sandy, Utah, nine months after being kidnapped and Brian David Mitchell is arrested and sentenced to life in federal prison

2003 – The Dixie Chicks backlash begins after Natalie Maines made critical comments about President George W. Bush

2003 – Zoran Djindjic, the prime minister of the Serbian state of Serbia and Montenegro, was assassinated

2015 – Author Terry Pratchett dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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