This Day in History - October 2

October 2

1263 – At Largs, King Alexander III of Scotland repels an amphibious invasion by King Haakon IV of Norway

1535 – Jacques Cartier reaches and names Montreal

1780 – British Major John Andre, an accomplice of Benedict Arnold, is hanged as a spy in the Revolutionary War by the US military forces in Tappan, New York

1803 – 4th Governor of Massachusetts, Samuel Adams, dies

1835 – The first shots of the Texas Revolution fired at the Battle Gonzales when Mexican soldiers try to disarm the people of Gonzales

1836 – Charles Darwin returns to Falmouth, England, ending a five-year surveying expedition of the southern Atlantic and Pacific oceans

1847 – Paul von Hindenburg, German Field Marshal during World War I and second president of the Weimar Republic, is born

1862 – An Army under Union General Joseph Hooker arrives at Bridgeport Alabama to support the Union forces at Chattanooga

1864 – The Battle of Saltville takes place during the Civil War in southwestern Virginia, where Union cavalry attacks a Confederate salt supply but is defeated by a Rebel force

1869 – Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi, political leader of India and nonviolent activist, is born

1870 – The papal states vote in favor of union with Italy and the capital is moved from Florence to Rome

1871 – Mormon leader Brigham Young, is arrested for polygamy and will later be convicted, only for the Supreme Court to overturn the conviction

1871 – Secretary of State for President Franklin Roosevelt, Cordell Hull, is born

1879 – Poet, Wallace Stevens, is born

1879 – Austria and Germany align to come to one another’s aid in event of aggression

1890 – Actor and comedian, Julius Henry aka Groucho Marx, is born

1900 – William A. ‘Bud’ Abbott, comedian and the straight man to Lou Costello is born

1901 – Poet, Roy Campbell, is born

1904 – Novelist, Graham Greene, is born

1907 – Scottish biochemist who won the Noble Prize in Chemistry, Alexander R. Todd, is born

1909 – Orville Wright sets an altitude record, flying at 1,600 feet

1919 – President Woodrow Wilson suffers a stroke

1931 – Aerial circus star Clyde Pangborn and playboy Hugh Herndon, Jr. set off to complete the first nonstop flight across the Pacific Ocean from Misawa City, Japan

1933 – English developmental biologist and Nobel Prize winner John Bertrand Gurdon is born

1937 – High-profile black lawyer who represented O.J. Simpson and Michael Jackson, Johnnie Cochran is born

1938 – Actor and film critic, Rex Reed, is born

1941 – The German army launches Operation Typhoon, the drive to Moscow during World War II

1944 – The surviving Polish rebels surrender to German forces thus ending the Warsaw Uprising

1945 – Cryptologist, Martin Hellman, is born

1949 – Photographer, Annie Leibovitz, is born

1950 – The comic strip Peanuts, by Charles M. Schultz, makes its debut appearance in newspapers

1951 – Singer, songwriter, musician, and actor, Sting, aka Gordon M.T. Sumner, is born

1958 – The Cold War comes to Africa as the nation receives millions in aid from the Soviet Union

1959 – The groundbreaking TV series, The Twilight Zone, hosted by Rod Sterling, premieres on CBS

1963 – Hurricane Flora hits Haiti, killing around 6,000 people and becomes one of the most deadly hurricanes in history

1964 – Scientists announce findings that smoking can cause cancer

1966 – The Soviet Defense Ministry newspaper, Krasnaya Zvezda, reports that Russian military experts have come under fire during U.S. raids against North Vietnamese missile sites while the Soviets were training North Vietnamese soldiers. This was extremely significant because it was the first public acknowledgment that Soviets had trained North Vietnamese missile crews and were observing them in action. U.S. officials had long maintained that the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China were providing military aid–including training advisers, weapons, and equipment–that permitted the North Vietnamese to continue the war. Until this point, both the Soviets and Chinese had denied they had personnel in North Vietnam

1966 – American wrestler, Yokozuna, is born

1967 – Thurgood Marshall, the first black Supreme Court justice is sworn in

1968 – French painter, Marcel Duchamp, dies

1968 – St. Louis Cardinals pitcher Bob Gibson strikes out 17 Detroit Tigers in the first game of the World Series, breaking Sandy Koufax’s record for the most strikeouts in a Series game

1970 – A plane carrying the Wichita State University football team, staff and supporters crashes in Colorado, killing 31 of the 40 aboard

1970 – Actress and producer, Kelly Ripa, is born

1973 – Finnish runner, Paavo Nurmi, dies

1980 – Congressional Representative Mike Myers is expelled from the US House for taking a bribe in the Abscam scandal, becoming the first member expelled since 1861

1985 – Actor, Rock Hudson, dies of AIDS

1990 – Flight 8301 of China’s Xiamen Airlines is hijacked and crashed into Baiyun International Airport, hitting two other aircraft and killing 128 people

2001 – NATO backs US military strikes in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks

2006 – Charles Roberts kills five female students and injures five more at the West Nickel Mines Amish School in Mines, Pennsylvania, before turning the gun on himself

2015 – Irish author, director, and playwright, Brian Friel, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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