This Day in History - October 27

October 27

97 – Nerva of Rome adopts Trajan, the governor of lower Germany

939 – English King, Ethelstan, dies

1553 – Michael Servetus, discoverer of the pulmonary circulation of the blood, is burned for heresy in Switzerland

1605 – Mughal Emperor Akbar dies

1612 – The Polish army that invaded Russia capitulates to Prince Dmitri Pojarski and his Cossacks

1659 – William Robinson and Marmaduke Stevenson, two Quakers who came from England in 1656 to escape religious persecution, are executed in the Massachusetts Bay Colony for their religious beliefs

1728 – British explorer, Captain James Cook, is born

1775 – King George III speaks before both houses of the British Parliament to discuss growing concern about the rebellion in America, which he viewed as a traitorous action against himself and Great Britain

1791 – President George Washington sends the results of the first US census to Congress

1806 – Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte enters Berlin

1809 – President James Madison orders the annexation of the western part of Florida where Settlers had rebelled against Spanish authority

1811 – Inventor of the sewing machine, Isaac Singer, is born

1858 – 26th president of the US, Theodore Roosevelt, is born

1862 – A Confederate force is routed at the Battle of Georgia Landing, near Bayou Lafourche in Louisiana

1864 – During the Civil War, at the First Battle of Hatcher’s Run aka the Battle of Boydton Plank Road, Union troops are turned back when they try to cut the last railroad supplying the Confederate force in Petersburg, Virginia

1870 – The French fortress of Metz surrenders to the Prussian Army

1873 – Farmer Joseph F. Glidden applies for a patent on barbed wire

1891 – D.B. Downing is awarded a patent for the street letter (mailbox)

1904 – The New York subway opens

1907 – The first trial in the Eulenburg Affair ends in Germany

1914 – Welsh poet, Dylan Thomas is born

1917 – 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York

1920 – 10th President of India KR Narayanan is born

1922 – In Italy, liberal Luigi Facta’s cabinet resigns after threats from Mussolini

1923 – Pop art painter, Roy Lichtenstein, is born

1924 – Actress, Ruby Dee, is born

1927 – The first sound news film, Fox Movie-tone news, is released

1932 – Poet and novelist, Sylvia Plath, is born

1939 – Actor and writer, John Cleese, is born

1940 – Writer, Maxine Hong Kingston, is born

1940 – French Gen. Charles de Gaulle, speaking for the Free French Forces, calls all French men and women everywhere to join the struggle to preserve and defend free French territory and “to attack the enemy wherever it is possible, to mobilize all our military, economic, and moral resources… to make justice reign” during World War II

1940 – The future head of the Gambino crime family, “Dapper Don,” Joseph Gotti, Jr. is born

1941 – In a broadcast to the nation on Navy Day, President Roosevelt informs Americans, “America has been attacked, the shooting has started”

1946 – Danish dancer and choreographer, Peter Martins, is born

1950 – Writer, Fran Lebowitz, is born

1952 – American philosopher, Francis Fukuyama, is born

1954 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first black general in the US Air Force

1958 – Singer, Simon Le Bon, is born

1962 – An American U-2 reconnaissance plane is shot down by a surface-to-air missile over Cuba, killing the pilot Major Rudolf Anderson, who will be the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis

1962 – Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev offers to remove Soviet missile bases in Cuba if the US removes missile bases in Turkey

1964 – Ronald Reagan launches his political career by giving a speech on behalf of Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater

1966 – U.S. Ambassador-at-Large Averell Harriman visits 10 nations to explain the results of the Manila conference and the current U.S. evaluation of the situation in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War

1971 – The Democratic Republic of the Congo is renamed Zaire

1971 – Fighting intensifies as Cambodian government forces battle with Khmer Rouge, Viet Cong, and North Vietnamese forces northeast of Phnom Penh during the Vietnam War

1975 – American author, Rex Stout, dies

1975 – Engineer, author, and outdoorsman who is known for amputating his own right arm to escape from under a boulder that had trapped him for over five days, Aron Ralston is born

1984 – Indian cricket player, Irfan Panthan, is born

1986 – The London Stock Exchange rules change as Britain suddenly deregulates financial markets, an event called the Big Bang

1988 – US President Ronald Reagan decides to tear down a new US Embassy in Moscow because Soviet listening devices were built into the structure

1994 – The U.S. Justice Department announces that the U.S. prison population has topped one million for the first time in American history

1995 – A large avalanche buries homes and kills 20 people in Flateyri, Iceland

1997 – Stock markets crash around the world over fears of a global economic meltdown

2004 – The Boston Red Sox win the World Series for the first time since 1918, finally vanquishing the so-called “Curse of the Bambino”

2013 – American singer, songwriter, guitarist, and producer, Lou Reed, dies


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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