This Day in History - October 22

October 22

741 – Charles Martel of Gaul dies at Quierzy and his mayoral power is divided between his two sons, Pepin III and Carloman

1707 – In what is one of the worst maritime disasters of the British Isles, four warships in a Royal Navy fleet off the Isles of Scilly run aground during severe weather because their navigators are unable to accurately calculate their positions, resulting in the deaths of over 1,500 sailors from drowning

1746 – Princeton University receives its charter

1797 – The first successful parachute descent is made by Andre-Jacques Garnerin, who jumps from a balloon at some 2,200 feet over Paris

1811 – Piano virtuoso, Franz Liszt, is born

1824 – The Tennessee Legislature adjourns ending David “Davy” Crockett’s state political career

1836 – Sam Houston is sworn in as the first president of the Republic of Texas

1844 – Canadian politician, Louis Riel, is born

1862 – During the Second Battle of Pea Ridge, Union troops push 5,000 Confederates out of Maysville, Arkansas

1859 – Spain declares war on the Moors in Morocco

1870 – Nobel Prize-winning poet and author, Ivan Bunin, is born

1882 – Painter, N.C. Wyeth is born

1887 – American journalist, poet, and revolutionary, John Reed, is born

1903 – Infamous hired killer Tom Horn is hanged for the alleged murder of Willie Nickell, the 14-year old son of a southern Wyoming sheep rancher, although historians argue whether or not he was responsible for this crime

1903 – American geneticist, George Beadle, is born

1906 – French painter, Paul Cezanne, dies

1907 – Ringling Brothers purchases Barnum & Bailey Circus

1913 – A coal mine explosion in Dawson, New Mexico kills more than 250 workers

1914 – The US places their economic support behind the Allies in World War I

1914 – During World War I, in a bitter two-day stretch of hand-to-hand fighting, German forces capture the Flemish town of Langemarck from its Belgian and British defenders during the First Battle of Ypres

1918 – During the Spanish Influenza epidemic, Baltimore and Washington run out of coffins

1919 – Novelist, Doris Lessing, is born

1920 – American psychologist who experimented with psychedelic drugs, Timothy Leary, is born

1925 – Pop Artist, Robert Rauschenberg, is born

1934 – Charles “Pretty Boy” Floyd is shot by FBI agents in a cornfield in East Liverpool, Ohio, for his part in a machine-gun attack on four law enforcement that was transferring criminal Frank Nash to prison. It is unclear whether or not Floyd was responsible for the attack and he denied it even in his last dying breath

1935 – Author, Ann Rule, is born

1936 – American political activist and co-founder of the Black Panther Party, Bobby Seale is born

1938 – Chester Carlson invents the photocopier, which he tries to sell to IBM, RCA, Kodak, and others, all of whom see no use for a gadget that does nothing, but make copies

1938 – Actor Christopher Lloyd is born

1939 – Second President of Mozambique, who is credited for making Mozambique one of Africa’s most successful democracy, Joaquim Chissano, is born

1942 – Actress and singer, Annette Funicello, is born

1942 – American Maj. Gen. Mark Clark meets in Algeria with French officials loyal to the Allied cause, as well as Resistance fighters, regarding the launch of Operation Torch, the first Allied amphibious landing of World War II

1948 – Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme, who attempted and failed to assassinate President Gerald Ford, is born

1949 – French football player and manager, Arsene Wenger, is born

1952 – Actor, Jeff Goldblum, is born

1954 – President Dwight Eisenhower authorizes a crash program to train the South Vietnamese Army as a result of the Geneva accords granting Communist control over North Vietnam

1954 – Bengali poet, Jibanananda Das, dies

1955 – The prototype of the F-105 Thunder Chief makes its maiden flight

1957 – U.S. military personnel suffer their first casualties in the war when 13 Americans are wounded in three terrorist bombings of Military Assistance Advisory Group and U.S. Information Service installations in Saigon during the Vietnam War

1962 – During the Cuban Missile Crisis, President Kennedy reveals to the American public that Soviet missile sites in Cuba have been located and he orders a naval and air blockade on further shipments of military equipment to Cuba

1964 – Jean-Paul Sartre declines the Nobel Prize for Literature

1965 – In action, during the Vietnam War, near Phu Cuong, about 35 miles northwest of Saigon, PFC Milton Lee Olive III of Company B, 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry, throws himself on an enemy grenade and saves four soldiers, including his platoon leader, 1st Lt. James Sanford and posthumously received the Medal of Honor for what Lieutenant Sanford called “the most incredible display of selfless bravery I ever witnessed”

1966 – The Soviet Union launches space shuttle Luna 12

1972 – Operation Linebacker I, the bombing of North Vietnam with B-52 bombers, ends during the Vietnam War

1972 – During the Vietnam War, Henry Kissinger meets with South Vietnamese President Thieu in Saigon to secure his approval of a proposed cease-fire that had been worked out at the secret peace talks with the North Vietnamese in Paris, to which President Thieu rejects

1973 – Japanese baseball player Ichiro Suzuki is born

1975 – Air Force Sergeant Leonard Matlovich, a decorated veteran of the Vietnam War, is given a “general” discharge by the air force after publicly declaring his homosexuality

1978 – Papal inauguration of Pope John Paul II takes place

1981 – The US Federal Labor Relations authority decertifies the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization from representing federal air traffic controllers, as a result of a PATCO strike in August that was broken by the Reagan Administration

1992 – Red Barber—the legendary announcer for the Brooklyn Dodgers, with a voice that one sportswriter called “a spoonful of sugar drifting through a glass of iced tea”—dies

1995 – English author, poet, and critic, Kingsley Amis, dies

1999 – Former official in the Vichy France government during World War II, Maurice Papon, is jailed for crimes against humanity for his role in deporting more than 1,600 Jews to concentration camps

2002 – 8th Director of Central Intelligence, Richard Helms, dies

2005 – Tropical Storm Alpha forms, making 2005 the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms

2012 – Lance Armstrong is formally stripped of the seven Tour de France titles he won from 1999 to 2005 and banned for life from competitive cycling after being charged with using illicit performance-enhancing drugs and demanding that some of his Tour teammates dope in order to help him win races


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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