This Day in History - July 5

July 5

1709 – French minister of finance, artist, Etienne de Silhouette, is born

1755 – Welsh actress, Sarah Siddons, is born

1775 – Continental Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition, appealing to King George III and expressing hope for reconciliation between the colonies and Great Britain

1776 – The Declaration of Independence is first printed by John Dunlop in Philadelphia

1801 – US admiral during Civil War, David Farragut, is born

1806 – A Spanish army repels the British during their attempt to retake Buenos Aires, Argentina

1810 – American showman, P.T. Barnum, is born

1814 – US troops under Jacob Brown defeat a superior British force at Chippewa, Canada

1819 – English Admiral, William Cornwallis, dies

1826 – British statesman, Stamford Raffles, dies

1832 – The German government begins curtailing freedom of the press after German Democrats advocate a revolt against Austrian rule

1839 – British naval forces bombard Dingai on Zhoushan Island in China and occupy it

1853 – English and South African businessman and politician, Cecil Rhodes, is born

1861 – The first large-scale engagement of the Civil War is fought in southwestern Missouri

1863 – Federal troops occupy Vicksburg, Mississippi and distribute supplies to citizens

1865 – The Salvation Army is founded by revivalist preacher William Booth and his wife Catherine

1865 – President Andrew Johnson signs an executive order that confirms the military conviction of a group of people who had inspired to kill the late President Abraham Lincoln

1867 – Astronomer and archaeologist, Andrew Elliott Douglass, is born

1880 – Writer and critic, George Bernard Shaw, quits, his job at Edison Telephone in order to pursue his dream of writing

1889 – French artist, writer, and actor, Jean Cocteau, is born

1892 – Andrew Beard is issued a patent for the rotary engine

1896 – Outlaw Bill Doolin escapes from an Oklahoma jail

1911 – Prime Minister of France, Georges Pompidou, is born

1914 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany pledges his country’s unconditional support for whatever action Austria-Hungary chooses to take in its conflict with Serbia

1921 – A trial begins with jury selection in the case against White Sox baseball players accused of throwing the 1919 World Series

1940 – Marshal Henri Petain’s Vichy government breaks off diplomatic relations with Great Britain

1940 – Congress passes the Export Control Act, forbidding the exporting of aircraft parts, chemicals, and minerals without a license

1941 – German troops reach the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union

1943 – The Battle of Kursk, the largest tank battle in history, begins

1944 – The Japanese garrison on Numfoor, New Guinea, tries to counterattack but is soon beaten back by US forces

1945 – 14th Prime Minister of Australia, John Curtin, dies

1946 – French designer Louis Reard unveils the “bikini” at a popular swimming pool in Paris

1950 – American forces engage the North Koreans for the first time in Osan, South Korea, and Private Kenneth Shadrick, 19, from West Virginia, becomes the first American casualty

1963 – Actress, Edie Falco, is born

1970 – Air Canada DC-8 crashes while landing in Toronto, killing 108

1975 – Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon when he bests Jimmy Connors

1975 – Japanese tennis player, Ai Sugiyama, is born

1983 – Chinese tennis player, Zheng Jie, is born

1990 – Engineering professor who established the first driver education courses in the US, Amos Neyhart, dies

1996 – Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal to have been successfully cloned from an adult cell in Scotland

2003 – The World Health Organization announces that all person-to-person transmission of SARS has ceased

2006 – American businessman, Kenneth Lay, dies

2011 – American and Italian painter and sculptor, Cy Twombly, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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