This Day in History - July 10

July 10

138 – Roman emperor, Hadrian, dies

649 – Emperor Taizong of Tang dies

1509 – Protestant religious leader and founder of Calvinism, John Calvin, is born

1520 – The Spanish explorer, Hernan Cortes, is driven from Tenochtitlan and retreats to Tlaxcala

1584 – German son of William I, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, William the Silent, dies

1609 – The Catholic states in Germany set up a league under the leadership of Maximilian of Bavaria

1679 – The British crown claims New Hampshire as a royal colony

1776 – The statue of King George III is pulled down in New York City

1777 – Colonel William Barton of Rhode Island Patriot militia captures British General Richard Prescott

1778 – In support of the American Revolution, Louis XVI declares war on England

1830 – French painter, Camille Pissarro, is born

1834 – Painter, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, is born

1850 – Millard Fillmore is sworn in as the 13th president of the US following the death of Zachary Taylor

1856 – Serbian and American physicist and engineer, Nikola Tesla, is born

1863 – Union troops land on Morris Island near Charleston, South Carolina and prepare for a siege on Battery Wagner

1871 – French novelist, Marcel Proust, is born

1875 – Educator, Mary McLeod Bethune, is born

1887 – A dam breaks in Zug, Switzerland, killing 70 people in their homes

1889 – “Buckskin” Frank Leslie murders the Tombstone prostitute Blonde Mollie Williams in a drunken rage and will be convicted and sentenced to 25 years, but will win parole in seven

1890 – Wyoming becomes the 44th state

1893 – Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs the first successful open-heart surgery, without the benefit of penicillin or blood transfusion

1905 – Jazz singer, Ivie Anderson, is born

1915 – Writer, Saul Bellow, is born

1917 – German Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg resigns

1920 – Broadcaster, David Brinkley, is born

1920 – Sri Lankan and English Admiral, John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, dies

1925 – The “Monkey” trial of Tennessee teacher John T. Scopes (accused of teaching evolution in violation of Tennessee state law) opens, with Clarence Darrow appearing for the defense and William Jennings Bryan for the prosecution

1927 – First black mayor of New York City, David Dinkins, is born

1931 – Canadian writer, Alice Munro, is born

1933 – Songwriter, Jerry Herman, is born

1940 – Germany begins bombing England

1941 – Jazz pianist, composer, bandleader, and arranger, Jelly Roll Morton, dies

1942 – General Carl Spaatz becomes the head of the US Air Force in Europe

1943 – American and British forces complete their amphibious landing in Sicily

1943 – American tennis player, Arthur Ashe, is born

1945 – US carrier-based aircraft begin air strikes against Japan in preparation for invasion

1947 – Folk singer, Arlo Guthrie, is born

1949 – Indian cricket player, Sunil Gavaskar, is born

1951 – Armistice talks between the UN and North Korea begin at Kaesong

1960 – Belgium sends troops to the Congo to protect whites as the Congolese Bloodbath begins, just ten days after the former colony became independent of Belgian rule

1962 – The satellite Telstar is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the US

1962 – The US Patent Office issues the Swedish engineer Nils Bohlin a patent for his three-point automobile safety belt

1965 – “Satisfaction” becomes the Rolling Stones’ first Number One single in the USA

1965 – Alexia, Princess of Greece and Denmark, is born

1965 – In the first US Air Force air-to-air victory of the Vietnam War, two North Vietnamese MiG-17s are shot down by US Phantom jets escorting fighter-bombers

1967 – Singer Bobbie Gentry records “Ode to Billie Joe,” which will become a country music classic and win four Grammys

1976 – In Seveso, near Milan, Italy, an explosion in a chemical factory covers the surrounding area with toxic dioxin.  Time magazine has ranked the Seveso incident No. 8 on its list of the 10 worst environmental disasters

1980 – Racecar driver whose death led to NASCAR’s decision to mandate a kill switch on steering wheels, Adam Petty, is born

1980 – Singer, songwriter, actress and fashion designer Jessica Simpson is born

1985 – Coca-Cola Co. announces it will resume selling “old formula Coke,” following a public outcry and falling sales of its “new Coke”

1985 – Greenpeace’s Rainbow Warrior sinks in Auckland harbor in New Zealand, after French agents in diving gear plant a bomb on the hull, killing Dutch photographer Fernando Pereira.  The flagship had been preparing for a protest voyage to a French nuclear test site in the South Pacific

1990 – Mikhail Gorbachev is re-elected as head of the Communist Party- a short-lived victory

1991 – Boris Yeltsin is sworn in as the first elected president of the Russian Federation, following the breakup of the USSR

1992 – The Alaska court of appeals overturns the conviction of Joseph Hazlewood, the former captain of the oil tanker Exxon Valdez, who had been found guilty of negligence for his role in the massive oil spill in Prince William Sound in 1989

1993 – Kenyan runner Yobes Ondieki becomes the first man to run 10,000 meters in less than 27 minutes

1995 – Less than two weeks after being arrested with a Hollywood prostitute, Hugh Grant appears on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, who famously asks the English actor, “What the hell were you thinking?”

1999 – US women’s soccer team defeats China to win their second Women’s World Cup

2015 – Egyptian actor, Omar Sharif, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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