This Day in History - July 15

July 15

1099 – Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders

1410 – Poles and Lithuanians defeat the Teutonic knights at Tannenberg, Prussia

1521 – Spanish explorer and 1st Governor of Puerto Rico, Juan Ponce de Leon, dies

1606 – Dutch artists, Rembrandt van Rijn, is born

1685 – The Duke of Monmouth is executed in Tower Hill in England

1779 – American scholar and educator Clement Moore is born

1789 – The electors of Paris set up a “Commune” to live without the authority of the government

1789 – The French hero of the American War for Independence, Marie-Joseph Paul Roch Yves Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, becomes the colonel-general of the National Guard of Paris by acclamation

1796 – Historian and mythologist Thomas Bulfinch is born

1806 – Lieutenant Zebulon Pike begins his western expedition from Fort Belle Fontaine

1813 – Napoleon Bonaparte’s representatives meet with the Allies in Prague to discuss peace terms

1834 – Lord Napier of England arrives in Macao, China, as the first chief superintendent of trade

1836 – Drama critic and essayist William Winter is born

1850 – The first American canonized saint, Francis Xavier Cabrini, is born

1857 – Austrian pianist and composer Carl Czerny dies

1858 – British political activist and suffragette Emmaline Pankhurst is born

1862 – The CSS Arkansas attacks Union ships on the Mississippi River

1863 – Confederate raider Bill Anderson and his Bushwackers attack Huntsville, Missouri, stealing $45,000 from the local bank

1888 – The Bandai Volcano erupts on the Japanese island of Honshu, killing hundreds and burying many nearby villages in ash

1895 – Ex-prime minister of Bulgaria, Stepfan Stambolov, is murdered by Macedonian rebels

1901 – Over 74,000 Pittsburgh steel workers go on strike

1903 – Ford Motor Company takes its first order from Chicago dentist Ernst Pfenning

1904 – Songwriter Dorothy Fields is born

1904 – Young Johan Jonsen, the future “Mad Trapper of Rat River,” leaves Norway with his family heading for America

1904 – Russian author and doctor Anton Chekhov dies

1906 – Humorist and author Richard Armour is born

1913 – English novelist Hammond Innes is born

1914 – Scottish writer and naturalist Gavin Maxwell is born

1918 – The Germans begin the Second Battle of the Marne in what would be their final push of WWI

1919 – British novelist Iris Murdoch is born

1930 – French philosopher Jacques Derrida, is born

1941 – Master spy Juan Pujol Garcia, nicknamed “Garbo,” sends his first communiqué to Germany from Britain.  Under the pay of the Nazis, Garcia was also a British double agent, who employed an extensive multiethnic spy network of fabricated spies and phony military “secrets” that the British wanted planted with the Germans to divert them from genuine military preparations.  Garcia was so successful in his missions, that he managed to convince Hitler of a false scenario involving D-Day and was awarded the Iron Cross by Hitler himself and the title of MBE – Member of the British Empire for his service to the Allies

1942 – The first supply flight from India to China over the ‘Hump’ is flown

1948 – American general John J. Pershing dies

1950 – Greek and American author, columnist and founder of The Huffington Post, Arianna Huffington, is born

1951 – American actor, wrestler and 38th Governor of Minnesota, Jesse Ventura is born

1953 – John Christie, one of England’s most notorious killers, is executed for the murders of many women, who he then buried in the yard of his apartment, and stuffed behind a hidden cupboard and under the floorboards

1958 – President Dwight Eisenhower sends 5,000 Marines to Lebanon to keep the peace

1960 – John F. Kennedy accepts the Democratic nomination for president

1961 – Canadian politician John Edwards Brownlee dies

1964 – Senator Barry Goldwater is nominated by the Republican Party to run for president

1965 – The unmanned spacecraft Mariner 4 passes over Mars, sending back the first close-up images of the planet

1971 – President Richard Nixon announces an upcoming visit with China, marking a dramatic turning point in US-China relations

1986 – Columbia Records drops Johnny Cash after 26 years of partnership

1997 – Andrew Cunanan murders world-renowned Italian fashion designer Gianni Versace on the steps outside his Miami mansion

2002 – John Walker Lindh, the “American Taliban,” accepts a plea bargain deal in which he pleads guilty to one count of supplying services to the Taliban and carrying weapons, agreeing to serve 20 years in prison and cooperate with the American government in their investigation of the terrorist group al Qaeda, in return for all other charges against him being dropped

2003 – Former Dallas Cowboys General Manager Tex Schramm dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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