This Day in History - February 1

February 1

1327 – Edward III is crowned King of England

1552 – English judge, Sir Edward Coke, who helped the development of English law, is born

1587 – Elizabeth I, Queen of England, signs an execution warrant for her cousin, Mary Queen of Scots

1633 – In Virginia, the tobacco laws are codified, limiting its production to reduce dependence on a single-crop economy

1781 – American Brigadier General William Lee Davidson dies in combat at Mecklenburg County, North Carolina

1790 – The Supreme Court of the US meets for the first time

1793 – France declares ware on Britain and the Netherlands

1814 – Lord Byron’s “The Corsair” is published

1851 – English author Mary Shelley dies

1861 – Upon learning that Texas has voted to secede from the Union, Governor Sam Houston storms out of a legislative session-Texas became the 7th state to secede from the Union

1862 – Julia Ward Howe’s “Battle Hymn of the Republic” was published in the Atlantic Monthly

1878 – First woman elected to the US Senate, Hattie Caraway is born

1884 – The Oxford Dictionary is first published

1885 – John Taylor, president of the Mormon Church, goes underground to avoid arrest for polygamy

1887 – Harvey Wilcox officially registers Hollywood with the Los Angeles County recorder’s office

1894 – American director John Ford is born

1896 – Giacomo Puccini’s La boheme premiers in Turin, Italy

1901 – Film actor Clark Gable is born

1902 – Poet Langston Hughes is born

1902 – US Secretary of State John Hay protests Russian privileges in China as a violation of the “open door policy”

1905 – Germany contests French rule in Morocco

1908 – King Carlos I of Portugal and his son Luis Filipe are assassinated by revolutionaries in Lisbon

1909 – US troops leave Cuba after Jose Gomez becomes president

1917 – Germany resumes unrestricted submarine warfare after a hiatus caused by US and other neutral countries

1931 – The first president of the Republic of Russian and prime minister of the Russian Federation, Boris Yeltsin, is born

1942 – US Pacific fleet planes attack Japanese bases in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands

1943 – Japanese forces begin to withdraw from the Guadalcanal Island

1943 – American tanks and infantry are battered at German positions at Faid Pass in North Africa

1944 – US Army troops invade two Kwajalein Islands in the Pacific

1945 – US Rangers and Filipino guerrillas rescue 513 American survivors of the Bataan Death March

1946 – At the University of Pennsylvania, a press conference announces the first electronic digital computer, ENIAC

1946 – English actress Elisabeth Sladen is born

1951 – In the Nevada desert, three A-bomb tests are completed

1951 – The UN General Assembly condemns the communist government of the People’s Republic of China for acts of aggression in Korea

1960 – Four black students stage a sit-in at a segregated Greensboro, NC lunch counter

1964 – Charles de Gaulle’s plan for a neutral Vietnam is rejected by President Johnson

1964 – Operation Plan 34A goes underway, and South Vietnamese forces under American orders, attack North Vietnamese coastal and island installations

1965 – Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. and 770 others are arrested in protest against voter discrimination in Alabama

1966 – Actor, producer and director Buster Keaton dies

1968 – US troops drive the North Vietnamese out of Tan Son Nhut airport in Saigon

1968 – Richard Nixon announces his candidacy for the presidency

1968 – South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu declares martial law

1968 – Eddie Adams takes one of the most famous pictures of Vietnam, when he captured a Vietcong officer being executed by pistol to the head in Saigon

1970 – NHL goaltender Terry Sawchuk has his 103rd shutout, a NHL record

1974 – Lynda Ann Healy is killed by Ted Bundy.  Bundy will eventually confess to 36 murders and will be executed in 1989

1976 – Nobel Prize-winning physicist Werner Heisenberg dies

1979 – The Ayatollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 15 years in exile

1981 – Norwegian composer Geirr Tveitt dies

1986 – Two days of anti-government riots in Port-au-Prince result in 14 dead

2002 – German actress Hildegard Knef dies

2003 – The space shuttle Columbia breaks apart while entering the atmosphere over Texas, killing all seven crew members on board

2004 – The first TV commercial airs for the Ford GT, during the Super Bowl

2004 – Janet Jackson suffers a famous “wardrobe malfunction” during the Super Bowl

2009 – Johanna Sigurdardottir takes office as Iceland’s first female Prime Minister

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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