This Day in History - September 8

September 8

1504 – Michelangelo’s statue of David is unveiled in Florence, Italy

1529 – The Ottoman Sultan Suleiman re-enters Budapest and establishes John Zapolya as the puppet king of Hungary

1565 – Spanish explorers found St. Augustine, Florida, the first permanent European settlement in what is now the US

1628 – Colonists arrive at Salem, Massachusetts, along with John Endecott, who will become the governor

1644 – Dutch colony of New Amsterdam surrenders to the British fleet that sailed into its harbor. Five years later the British will change the name to New York

1755 – William Johnson’s British troops defeat the French and Indians at the Battle of Lake George

1760 – The city of Montreal is surrendered to the British by the French

1781 – During the Revolutionary War, a bloody battle is fought at Eutaw Springs South Carolina that would see 500 Americans die or be wounded, and 700 British soldiers die or be wounded

1810 – During the Old West, the ship Tonquin leaves New York with 33 employees of Jacob Astor’s New Pacific Fur Company on board. When the ship arrives at the mouth of the Columbia River some six months later, Astor’s men establish the town of Astoria and begin trading furs with the Indians, thus becoming the first American involvement in the lucrative western fur trade

1841 – Composer and violinist, Antonin Dvorak, is born

1845 – A French column surrenders at Sidi Brahim in the Algerian War

1863 – Confederate Lieutenant Dick Dowling thwarts a Union naval landing at Sabine Pass, near Galveston, Texas during the Civil War

1886 – British author and poet, Siegfried Sassoon, is born

1889 – US Senator from Ohio, Robert A. Taft, is born

1900 – Democratic Senator and Congressman, Claude Pepper, is born

1900 – One of the deadliest hurricanes in US history slams into Galveston, Texas, killing more than 6,000 people. In fact, the storm causes so much destruction that reliable estimates of the numbers of victims are difficult to make, leaving many to believe more than 12,000 people died-marking the day as the single deadliest day in American history. Clara Barton of the Red Cross came to the disaster and said, “It would be difficult to exaggerate the awful scene here.”

1903 – Turkish troops stomping a Macedonian uprising, slaughter between 30 and 50 thousand Bulgarian citizens, children included, in Monastir

1906 – The automatic typewriter return carriage is invented by Robert Turner

1915 – A German Zeppelin commanded by Heinrich Mathy, hits Aldersgate in central London, killing 22 people during World War I

1916 – German pianist, composer, and conductor, Friedrich Baumfelder, dies

1921 – The first Miss America is named, Margaret Gorman of Washington, D.C.

1922 – Comedian and television star, Sid Caesar, is born

1922 – American politician and activist, Lyndon LaRouche, is born

1925 – English comic actor, Peter Sellers, is born

1925 – The League of Nations admits Germany

1932 – Country singer, Patsy Cline, is born

1933 – Playwright, Michael Frayn, is born

1935 – Senator Huey Long of Louisiana is shot and killed in the state capital, allegedly by Dr. Carl Weiss, Jr

1941 – During World War II, German forces begin the siege of Leningrad, in the USSR, known as the 900-Day Siege, that 872 days later, would see some one million deaths

1943 – General Dwight Eisenhower publicly announces the surrender of Italy to the Allies during World War II

1944 – Germany’s V-2 offensive against England begins

1945 – Korea is partitioned by the US and the Soviet Union during the Cold War

1947 – Writer, Ann Beattie, is born

1949 – German composer and conductor, Richard Strauss, dies

1951 – A peace treaty is signed by Japanese representatives in San Francisco

1952 – Ernest Hemingway’s Old Man and the Sea was published

1954 – Founder of The Skeptics Society, Michael Shermer, is born

1954 – The mutual defense treaty that established the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization(SEATO) is signed by the US, Australia, Great Britain, New Zealand, France, the Philippines, Pakistan, and Thailand

1960 – Penguin Books in Britain is charged with obscenity for trying to publish D.H. Lawrence’s novel Lady Chatterley’s Lover

1960 – NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama is dedicated by President Dwight Eisenhower

1963 – Screenwriter and director, Brad Silberling, is born

1966 – Star Trek premiered on television

1968 – Troung Quang An becomes the first South Vietnamese general killed in action during the Vietnam War when his aircraft is shot down

1970 – American singer, songwriter, and guitarist, Neko Case, is born

1970 – Yuji Nishizawa, hijacker that seized All Nippon Airways flight in July of 1999 is born

1971 – Actor Martin Freeman is born

1971 – The Kennedy Center opens in Washington, D.C. with a performance of Leonard Bernstein’s Mass

1974 – Former President Richard Nixon is pardoned by President Gerald Ford for any crimes arising from the Watergate scandal he may have committed while in office

1979 – Alecia Beth Moore, aka Pink, is born

1986 – The Oprah Winfrey Show is broadcast nationally for the first time

1988 – Wildfires in Yellowstone National Park force evacuations of the historic Old Faithful Inn. The Inn is saved from the fire

1991 – Voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum to form the Republic of Macedonia, claiming independence from Yugoslavia

1994 – 132 people are killed when USAir Flight 427 crashes on approach to Pittsburgh International Airport

1998 – St. Louis Cardinals slugger Mark McGwire hits his 62nd home run, breaking Roger Maris’ record for the most home runs in a single season

2003 – The RIAA or Recording Industry Association of America, begins suing individual sharers of copyrighted mp3 files

2003 – German director, Leni Riefenstahl, dies

2006 – Australian race car driver, Peter Brock, dies

2012 – Hungarian and American psychiatrist and academic, Thomas Szasz, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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