This Day in History - September 18

September 18

96 – Roman Emperor Domitian dies

1634 – Englishwoman who would become an outspoken religious thinker in the American colonies, Anne Hutchinson, arrives at Massachusetts Bay

1709 – English lexicographer, poet, essayist and moralist, Samuel Johnson, is born

1758 - James Abercromby is replaced as supreme commander of British forces after his defeat by French commander the Marquis of Montcalm at Fort Ticonderoga during the French and Indian War

1759 - Quebec surrenders to the British after a battle which sees the deaths of both James Wolfe and Louis Montcalm, the British and French commanders

1776 – General George Washington writes to the president of the Continental Congress, John Hancock, reporting on the Battle of Harlem Heights

1783 – Swiss mathematician and physicist, Leonhard Euler, dies

1793 - George Washington lays the foundation stone for the U.S. Capitol

1819 – French physicist Leon Foucault is born

1827 – Poet and author John Townsend is born

1830 - Tom Thumb, the first locomotive built in the United States, loses a nine-mile race in Maryland to a horse

1830 – English critic and painter, William Hazlitt, dies

1839 – Physician and meteorologist, John Aitken, is born

1846 – Weeks behind schedule with the Sierra Nevada mountains still to be crossed, the members of the ill-fated Donner party realize they are running short of supplies and send two men ahead to California to bring back food

1850 - Congress passes the second Fugitive Slave Bill into law (the first was enacted in 1793), requiring the return of escaped slaves to their owners

1862 - After waiting all day for a Union attack which never came at Antietam, Confederate General Robert E. Lee begins a retreat out of Maryland and back to Virginia

1863 - Union cavalry troops clash with a group of Confederates at Chickamauga Creek

1874 - The Nebraska Relief and Aid Society is formed to help farmers whose crops were destroyed by grasshoppers swarming throughout the American West

1895 – Prime Minister of Canada, John Diefenbaker, is born

1905 – Actress, Greta Garbo, is born

1908 – Soviet Armenian scientist who was among the founders of theoretical astrophysics, Viktor Hambardzumyan is born

1911 - Russian Premier, Pyotr Stolypin, dies four days after being shot at the Kiev opera house by socialist lawyer Dimitri Bogroff

1912 – Journalist, woman’s suffrage advocate, and first woman ever elected to Chile’s Senate, Maria de la Cruz, is born

1914 - The Irish Home Rule Bill becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I

1917 – Aldous Huxley, the future author of Brave, New World, is hired as a schoolmaster at Eton.  One of his students, Eric Blair, will later use the pen name, George Orwell

1918 – The Battle of Epehy takes place as the British 4th Army attacks German forward outposts in front of the Hindenburg Line, Germany’s last line of defense on the Western Front during WWI

1923 – Queen Anne of Romania is born

1926 – Comic book artist, Joe Kubert, is born

1929 - Charles Lindbergh takes off on a 10,000-mile air tour of South America

1934 - The League of Nations admits the Soviet Union

1939 - A German U-boat sinks the British aircraft carrier Courageous, killing 500 people

1939 – Singer, Frankie Avalon, is born

1945 – General Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo

1948 - Margaret Chase Smith becomes the first woman elected to the Senate without completing another senator's term when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten. Smith is also the only woman to be elected to and serve in both houses of Congress

1951 – Neurosurgeon, Dr. Benajmin Solomon Carson, Sr., is born

1959 – Serial killer Harvey Glatman is executed in a California gas chamber for murdering three young women in Los Angeles

1960 - Two thousand cheer Fidel Castro's arrival in New York for the United Nations session

1961 – Actor, James Gandolfini, is born

1961 - UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold is killed in a plane crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the Congo

1964 - U.S. destroyers fire on hostile targets in Vietnam

1970 – American singer, songwriter, guitarist and producer, Jimi Hendrix, dies

1971 – Cyclist, Lance Armstrong, is born

1971 – Actress and model, Jada Pinkett Smith, is born

1973 - East and West Germany and The Bahamas are admitted to United Nations

1973 – Future President Jimmy Carter files a report with the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena, claiming he had seen a UFO in 1969

1974 – Actress Doris Day wins a $22.8 million malpractice suit against her former lawyer

1975 - Patty Hearst, granddaughter of newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, is kidnapped by violent radical group SLA (Symbionese Liberation Army); she will later take part in some of the group's militant activities and will be captured by FBI agents

1976 – Brazilian soccer player, Ronaldo, is born

1977 - Voyager I takes the first photo of Earth and the Moon together

1980 - Cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo, a Cuban, becomes the first black to be sent on a mission in space

1981 – Canada’s West Edmonton Mall makes the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest parking lot in the world with 20,000 spaces

1987 – Cesium-137 is removed from an abandoned cancer therapy machine in Brazil after hundreds of people were poisoned by radiation from the substance

1996 – Boston Red Sox pitcher Roger Clemens strikes out 20 Detroit Tigers, tying his own record for the most strikeouts in an MLB game

1998 - ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is formed to coordinate unique identifying addresses for Websites worldwide

2009 - The US television soap opera The Guiding Light broadcasts its final episode, ending a 72-year run that began on radio











Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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