This Day in History - September 23

September 23

63 BC – First Roman Emperor who introduced Pax Romana or the era of peace, Augustus Caesar, is born

1215 – Mongolian emperor, Kublai Khan, is born

1553 – The Sadians defeat the last of their enemies and become rulers of Morocco

1561 – Philip II of Spain gives orders to stop colonizing efforts in Florida

1577 – William of Orange makes a triumphant entry into Brussels, Belgium

1667 – Slaves in Virginia are banned from obtaining their freedom by converting to Christianity

1739 – The Austrians sign the Treaty of Belgrade after having lost the city to the Turks

1779 – The American navy under John Paul Jones on Bonhomme Richard, defeats and captures the British man-of-war Serapis during the Revolutionary War, and Jones declares “I have not yet begun to fight!”

1788 – Louis XVI of France declares the Parliament restored

1795 – A national plebiscite approves the new French constitution, but so many voters sustain that the results are suspect

1800 – Educator and author, William Holmes McGuffey, is born

1803 – British Major-General, Sir Arthur Wellesley, defeats the Marathas at Assaye, India

1805 – Lieutenant Zebulon Pike pays $2,000 to buy from the Sioux a 9-square mile tract of land at the mouth of the Minnesota River to establish Fort Snelling military post

1806 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition arrives back in St. Louis just over three years after its departure

1838 – The first woman presidential candidate of the US, Victoria Woodhull, is born

1846 – German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle discovers the planet Neptune at the Berlin Observatory

1862 – Author Count Leo Tolstoy marries Sophie Andreyevna Behrs, with whom he was nearly twice the age of

1863 – Educator and civil rights advocate, Mary Church Terrell, is born

1863 – During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln meets with Secretary of War Edwin Stanton and several others to discuss the desperate situation, where the Union had been defeated at Chickamauga, Georgia, just south of Tennessee

1864 – Confederate and Union forces clash at Mount Jackson, Front Royal and Woodstock in Virginia during the Valley campaign

1865 – Baroness and author, Emmuska Orczy, is born

1875 – During the Old West, Billy the Kid is arrested for the first time after stealing a basket of laundry

1889 – Journalist, Walter Lippmann, is born

1889 – Sculptor, Louise Nevelson, is born

1908 – A controversial call during a game between the New York Giants and Chicago Cubs gives the Cubs the pennant. The officials ruled Giants first baseman Fred Merkle was out at second base because he failed to touch the base

1911 – The Second International Aviation Meet opens in New York

1912 – Mack Sennett’s first “Keystone Cop” film debuts

1915 – Physicist, Clifford G. Shull, is born

1917 – During World War I, German pilot Werner Voss is shot down and killed over Belgium by British pilots

1926 – Influential jazz saxophonist, John Coltrane, is born

1930 – Rhythm ‘n blues piano player and singer, Ray Charles, is born

1933 – American geologists land on the Persian Gulf port of Jubail in Saudi Arabia and began a journey to the desert to locate the best drilling spot for petroleum

1934 – Crown Prince of Afghanistan Ahmad Shah is born

1936 – Interim President of Peru in 2000-2001, Valentin Corazao, is born

1939 – The founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud, dies

1943 – During World War II, Benito Mussolini, deposed dictator of Italy, forms a new fascist republic, by the leave of his new German masters, which he controls from his headquarters in northern Italy

1943 – Singer/ songwriter, Julio Iglesia, is born

1944 – During a campaign dinner with the International Brotherhood of Teamsters Union, President Franklin Roosevelt defends his dog, Fala, who had recently been the subject of a political attack when Republicans accused the president of sending a Navy destroyer at taxpayer expense to pick up the dog whom he had allegedly forgotten during a visit to the Aleutian Islands

1945 – The first American dies in Vietnam during the fall of Saigon to French forces

1947 – Emmy-winning actress, Mary Kay Place, is born

1949 – President Harry S. Truman informs the American people that the Soviets have exploded a nuclear bomb

1949 – Singer, songwriter, musician, Bruce “The Boss” Springsteen, is born

1952 – Richard Nixon responds to charges of a secret slush fund during his “Checkers Speech”

1954 – East German police arrest 400 citizens as US spies

1961 – American astronaut killed when Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates re=entering the Earth’s atmosphere in 2003, William “Willie” McCool, is born

1964 – The Paris Opera unveils a gorgeous new ceiling painted as a gift by Belorussian-born artist Marc Chagall

1965 – During the Vietnam War, South Vietnam executes three accused Viet Cong agents held at Da Nang, during the cover of night. Three days later, in retaliation, it was announced that North Vietnam had executed two US soldiers held in captivity since 1963 for being “war criminals”

1967 – Soviets sign a pact to send more aid to Hanoi

1968 – Italian priest and Saint, Pio of Pietrelcina, dies

1969 – The trial for eight antiwar demonstrators charged with violent demonstrating at the August 1968 Democratic National Convention opens in Chicago

1973 – Juan Peron is re-elected president of Argentina after being overthrown in 1955

1973 – Chilean Nobel Prize-winning poet, Pablo Neruda, dies

1981 – Jack Henry Abbott is captured in the oil fields of Louisiana after a two-month manhunt. Abbott had killed Richard Adan by stabbing him in the chest at a restaurant. Abbott befriended writer Norman Mailer, by writing him long letters that showed his writing abilities. Mailer convinced the courts to be lenient, and Abbott, now a bestseller, committed suicide in prison in 2002

1983 – Gerrie Coetzee becomes the first boxer from South Africa to win a heavyweight title

1983 – Gulf Air Flight 771 from Karachi, Pakistan, to Abu Dhabi, UAE, bombed, killing all 117 aboard

1988 – Hungarian author and explorer, Tibor Sekelj, dies

1992 – Provisional Irish Republican Army detonates 3,700-lb bomb in Belfast, completely destroying the Northern Ireland forensic laboratory and injuring 20 people and doing damage to 700 homes

1994 – American author, Robert Bloch, dies

1994 – The Shawshank Redemption debuts in theaters

2002 – The first public version of Mozilla Firefox browser is released as Phoenix 0.1

2004 – Hurricane Jeanne causes severe flooding in Haiti, killing over 1,000 people

2011 – Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas officially requests a bid for statehood at the UN Security Council

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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