This Day in History - October 28

October 28

312 – Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius is defeated at the Mulvian Bridge by Constantine the Great

969 – The Byzantines end 300 years of Arab rule in Antioch

1216 – Henry III of England is crowned

1628 – The Huguenot town of La Rochelle surrenders to royal forces

1636 – Harvard College is founded in Cambridge, Massachusetts

1704 – English philosopher and physician, John Locke, dies

1708 – Prince George of Denmark dies

1768 – Germans and Acadians join the French Creoles in their revolt against the Spanish governor of New Orleans

1775 – The new commander in chief of the British army, Major General Sir William Howe, issues a proclamation to the residents of Boston forbidding any person from leaving the city and ordered citizens to organize into military companies in order to “contribute all in his power for the preservation of order and good government within the town of Boston” during the Revolutionary War

1793 – Eli Whitney applies for a patent on the cotton gin

1863 – Confederates under General James Longstreet fail at attacking a supply line of a Federal force near Chattanooga during the Civil War

1864 – At the Second Battle of Fair Oaks, Virginia, Union forces withdraw after failing to breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond during the Civil War

1875 – Editor who turned the National Geographic Society’s pamphlet into a periodical with a circulation of nearly two million, Gilbert Grosvenor, is born

1886 – The Statue of Liberty is dedicated at Liberty, NY by President Grover Cleveland

1896 – Composer, Howard Hanson, is born

1900 – German philologist and orientalist, Friedrich Max Muller, dies

1901 – Race riots sparked by Booker T. Washington’s visit to the White House kill 34

1903 – English novelist, Evelyn Waugh, is born

1904 – The St. Louis police try a new investigation method: fingerprints

1909 – English artist, Francis Bacon, is born

1912 – English epidemiologist who established a link between tobacco smoke and cancer, Richard Doll is born

1914 – US scientist who developed the first vaccine against polio, Jonas Salk, is born

1914 – Disguised as a British ship, the German cruiser Emden streams into Penang Harbor near Malaya and sinks the Russian light cruiser Zhemchug during World War I

1914 – George Eastman announces his invention of the color photographic process

1918 – Sailors in the German High Seas Fleet refuse to obey an order from the German Admiralty to go to sea to launch one final attack on the British navy during World War I

1919 – Congress passes the National Prohibition Act aka Volstead Act, providing enforcement guidelines for the Prohibition Amendment and does so over President Wilson’s veto

1922 – The first ever cross-country broadcast of a college football game takes place, between Princeton and Chicago

1926 – Commissioner of MLB from 1969-1984, Bowie Kuhn, is born

1927 – Pan American Airways launches the first scheduled international flight

1929 – Chancellor of Germany, Bernhard von Bulow, dies

1936 – Country singer, songwriter, and musician, Charlie Daniels, is born

1938 – Author who was convicted at age 15 of aiding in the murder of a friend’s mother in New Zealand which became the basis for the film Heavenly Creatures, Anne Perry is born

1940 – Italy invades Greece, launching six divisions on four fronts from occupied Albania

1944 – The first B-29 Superfortress bomber mission strikes against the Japanese base at Truk during World War II

1944 – Founder of the Schlecker Company, Anton Schlecker, is born

1949 – Gold medal-winning athlete and actor who turned from name Bruce to Caitlyn via sex change, Jenner is born

1951 – Author, Joe R. Lansdale, is born

1955 – Chairman and CEO of Microsoft Corporation, William Gates, is born

1956 – 6th President of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, is born

1960 – The US charges Cuba with receiving “Substantial quantities of arms and numbers of military technicians” from the Soviet bloc in a note to the OAS

1961 – The second “Apache trial” begins for musician Chuck Berry. Although his earlier conviction for transporting a minor across state lines for immoral purposes in violation of the Mann Act was thrown out on appeal, the prosecution decided to retry him

1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis is ended when Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev officially orders Soviet missiles removed from Cuba

1964 – U.S. T-28 airplanes flown by Thai pilots bomb and strafe North Vietnamese villages in the Mugia Pass area, leading North Vietnam to publicly accuse U.S. personnel of participating in the raids, and U.S. officials deny the claims

1965 – Construction is completed on the world’s tallest arch, the St. Louis Arch

1967 – Academy Award-winning actress Julia Roberts, is born

1967 – Gamer designer, John Romero, is born

1971 – Britain launches the satellite Prospero into orbit via a Black Arrow carrier rocket

1972 – Country singer, songwriter, and musician, Brad Paisley, is born

1974 – American actor, Joaquin Phoenix, is born

1982 – The Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party is elected

1998 – The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), was signed into law by President Bill Clinton

1998 – English poet, Ted Hughes, dies

1999 – A powerful cyclone in the Indian Ocean suddenly intensifies to the equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane

2005 – Libby “Scooter” Lewis, chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, resigns after being indicted for “outing” CIA agent Valerie Plame

2007 – Argentina elects its first woman president, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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