This Day in History - May 27

May 27

927 – Simeon I of Bulgaria dies

1564 – Protestant reformer John Calvin dies

1647 – Achsah Young becomes the first woman known to be executed as a witch in Massachusetts

1668 – Three colonists are expelled from Massachusetts for being Baptists

1703 – Czar Peter I, aka Peter the Great, founds St. Petersburg as the new Russian capital

1794 – American industrialist and philanthropist Cornelius Vanderbilt is born

1813 – Americans capture Fort George, Canada

1813 – Former President Thomas Jefferson writes to former President John Adams to let him know that their mutual friend, Dr. Benjamin Rush, has died

1819 – Writer of “Battle Hymn of the Republic,” Julie Ward Howe, is born

1831 – Comanche Indians kill mountain man Jedediah Smith

1837 – American frontiersman and lawman Wild Bill Hickok is born

1840 – Italian violinist and composer Niccolo Paganini dies

1863 – Chief Justice Roger Taney of Maryland issues Ex parte Merryman, challenging the authority of President Abraham Lincoln and the US military to suspend the writ of habeas corpus

1878 – Dancer and choreographer Isadora Duncan is born

1894 – Detective writer Samuel Dashiell Hammett is born

1905 – During the Russo-Japanese War, the Russian Baltic Fleet is nearly destroyed at the Battle of Tsushima Strait

1907 – Biologist and writer Rachel Carson is born

1907 – The Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco

1911 – US politician Hubert Humphrey is born

1911 – Actor and horror film icon, Vincent Price is born

1912 – Writer, John Cheever is born

1915 – Author Herman Wouk is born

1918 – The German army begins the Third Battle of the Aisne with an attack on Allied positions at the Chemin des Dames ridge in France

1919 – A US Navy seaplane completes the first transatlantic flight

1922 – English singer, Christopher Lee is born

1923 – Secretary of State under President Richard Nixon, Henry Kissinger, is born

1925 – Mystery novelist Tony Hillerman is born

1929 – Colonel Charles Lindbergh marries Anne Spencer Morrow

1933 – Walt Disney’s cartoon “Three Little Pigs,” is released

1934 – Author and screenwriter, Harlan Ellison is born

1935 – The Supreme Court declares President Franklin Roosevelt’s National Recovery Act unconstitutional

1937 – San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge opens

1941 – The German battleship Bismarck is sunk by British naval and air forces

1941 – President Franklin Roosevelt announces a state of unlimited national emergency in response to Nazi Germany’s threats of world domination

1942 – German General Erwin Rommel begins a major offensive in Libya with his Afrika Korps

1943 – A B-24 carrying US airman and former Olympic runner Louis “Louie” Zamperini crashes in the Pacific Ocean. After surviving the crash, Zamperini floated on a raft in shark-infested waters for more than a month before being picked up by the Japanese and spending the next two years in a series of brutal prison camps

1944 – American General Douglas MacArthur lands on Biak Island in New Guinea

1960 – A military coup overthrows the democratic government of Turkey

1964 – First Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru dies

1965 – US warships begin bombardment of Viet Cong targets in the central area of South Vietnam

1969 – Construction begins on Walt Disney World in Florida

1971 – Foreign Minister Torsten Nilsson reveals that Sweden has been providing assistance to the Viet Cong in the form of humanitarian aid

1972 – President Richard Nixon and Soviet Communist Party chief Leonid Brezhnev sign an arms reduction agreement known as the SALT agreements

1972 – Mark Donohue wins the Indianapolis 500 with an average speed of 163,645 miles an hour, setting a record

1975 – English author and chef, Jamie Oliver is born

1994 – Two decades after being expelled from the USSR for criticizing Stalin in a letter to a friend, Nobel laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn returns to Russia to an emotional homecoming

1997 – An F5 tornado in Jarrell, Texas, destroys the town and kills nearly 30 people. The tornado was strange in that it moved south along the ground, whereas nearly all other tornadoes move northeast. It ripped hides off of cattle before slamming them to the ground. Shafts of wheat impaled cattle. Water was sucked from deep wells. The twister obliterated everything in its direct path, leaving no recognizable remains

1999 – The international war crimes tribunal indicts Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic for war atrocities

2005 – Carl Edward Roland, wanted by police in connection with the beating death of his ex-girlfriend, Jennifer Gonzalez, spends his third day perched on a crane 18 stories above Atlanta’s Buckhead neighborhood. Finally agreeing to accept some water, he edged toward police who then tasered, tackled and restrained him, before lowering down the crane. Roland was taken to Fulton County Jail to await extradition to Florida

2006 – A massive earthquake devastates parts of Java, Indonesia, killing nearly 6,000 and leaving 1.5 million homeless

2011 – Author, singer, and songwriter, Gil Scott-Heron dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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