This Day in History - June 16

June 16

455 – Rome is sacked by the Vandal army

1722 – English general John Churchill, First Duke of Marlborough, dies

1723 – Scottish philosopher and economist Adam Smith is born

1738 – Patriot printer, publisher, and postmistress, Mary Katharine Goddard, is born

1815 – Napoleon defeats the Prussians at the Battle of Ligny

1858 – Abraham Lincoln, in accepting the Republican nomination for the US Senate in Illinois, declares that “A house divided against itself cannot stand”

1862 – A Union attempt to capture Charleston, South Carolina is thwarted when Confederates turn back an attack at Secessionville

1864 – The siege of Petersburg and Richmond begins after a moonlight skirmish

1882 – 60th Prime Minister of Iran, Mohammad Mosaddegh, is born

1884 – The first roller coaster in America opens at Coney Island, in Brooklyn, New York

1888 – Comedian and actor, Bobby Clark, is born

1890 – Entertainer Stan Laurel is born

1890 – Alaskan explorer, Fred Fickett, leaves the military due to ailments he contracted while exploring the Alaskan frontier

1896 – An overnight Tsunami ravages the Japanese coast, killing over 20,000

1902 – Geneticist, Barbara McClintock, is born

1902 – Paleontologist, George Gaylord, is born

1903 – Ford Motor Company is incorporated

1904 – Aspiring writer, James Joyce, meets his future wife, Nora

1907 – The Russian czar dissolves the Duma in St. Petersburg

1910 – The first Father’s Day is celebrated in Spokane, Washington

1912 – British politician, Enoch Powell, is born

1917 – Publisher of the Washington Post, Katharine Graham, is born

1917 – Fashion photographer, Irving Penn, is born

1918 – The Battle of Piave River rages on the Italian front, marking the last major attack by the Austro-Hungarian army in Italy of WWI

1920 – Writer, John Howard Griffin, is born

1925 – France accepts a German proposal for a security pact

1932 – The ban on Nazi storm troopers is lifted by the von Papen government in Germany

1935 – President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal legislation is passed by the House of Representatives

1935 – Artist, Jim Dine, is born

1938 – Writer, Torgny Lindgren, is born

1938 – Writer and professor, Joyce Carol Oates, is born

1940 – Marshal Henri-Philippe Petain, WWI hero, becomes prime minister of the Vichy government of France and asks for an armistice with Germany

1943 – Actor and filmmaker, 54-year-old Charles Chaplin, marries playwright Eugene O’Neill’s 18-year-old daughter, Oona.  Eugene, the same age as Chaplin, disinherited his daughter.  However, the marriage proved strong, lasting until Chaplin’s death and distraught with grief, Oona spent her remaining years as a recluse

1952 – Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl is published in the US

1955 – The US House of Representatives votes to extend Selective Service until 1959

1958 – Imre Nagy, a former Hungarian premier, and symbol of the nation’s 1956 uprising against Soviet rule, is hanged for treason

1961 – Ballet star, Rudolf Nureyev, defects from the Soviet Union while in Paris

1963 – Soviet Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, aboard Vostok 6, becomes the first woman to travel in space

1965 – Bob Dylan records “Like A Rolling Stone”

1965 – Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announces that 21,000 more US troops will be sent to Vietnam

1968 – Golfer Lee Trevino wins the US Open at the Oak Hill Country Club in Rochester, New York with a score of 275 for 72 holes, tying a US Open record

1969 – 17th Governor General of Canada, Harold Alexander, First Earl Alexander of Tunis, dies

1970 – North Vietnamese and Viet Cong attacks almost completely isolate Phnom Penh

1971 – Rapper, producer, and actor, Tupac Shakur, is born

1971 – An El Greco sketch, “The Immaculate Conception,” stolen in Spain 15 years earlier, is recovered in New York City by the FBI

1977 – Leonid Brezhnev is named president of the Soviet Union

1977 – German physicist and engineer, Wernher von Braun, dies

1993 – Australian cricket player, Lindsay Hassett, dies

1999 – Kathleen Ann Soliah, a former member of the Symbionese Liberation Army, is arrested near her home in St. Paul, Minnesota after evading authorities for over 20 years

2014 – American baseball player and coach, Tony Gwynn, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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