This Day in History - July 1

July 1

69 – Vespasian, a Roman army leader, is hailed as a Roman emperor by the Egyptian legions

1543 – England and Scotland sign the Peace of Greenwich

1596 – An English fleet under the Earl of Essex, Lord Howard of Effingham and Francis Vere capture and sack Cadiz, Spain

1649 – German philosopher and mathematician, Gottfried Von Leibniz, is born

1690 – Led by Marshall Luxembourg, the French defeat the forces of the Grand Alliance at Fleurus in the Netherlands

1775 – The Continental Congress resolves to recruit Indian nations to the American side in their dispute with the British, should the British take native allies of their own

1777 – British troops depart from their base at the Bouquet River to head toward Ticonderoga, New York

1798 – Napoleon Bonaparte takes Alexandria, Egypt

1804 – French novelist, George Sand, is born

1838 – Charles Darwin presents a paper on his theory of evolution to the Linnean Society in London

1862 – Union artillery stops a Confederate attack at Malvern Hill, Virginia

1863 – In the first day’s fighting at Gettysburg, Federal forces retreat through the town and dig in at Cemetery Ridge and Cemetery Hill

1867 – Canada, by the terms of the British North America Act, becomes an independent dominion

1876 – Montenegro declares war on the Turks

1876 – Playwright, Susan Glaspell, is born

1887 – Gunfighter Clay Allison is killed in a wagon accident

1892 – Author, James Cain, is born

1898 – American troops take San Juan Hill and El Caney, Cuba, from the Spaniards

1899 – American songwriter, singer, and pianist, Thomas Dorsey, is born

1902 – Director, William Wyler, is born

1903 – English aviator, Amy Johnson, is born

1915 – Blues musician, Willie Dixon, is born

1915 – American writer, Jean Stafford, is born

1915 – Director, Sydney Pollack, is born

1916 – Future President, Dwight Eisenhower, marries Mamie Geneva Doud in Colorado

1916 – British fighter ace during WWII, Roland Robert Tuck, is born

1916 – The Battle of the Somme begins and approximately 30,000 men are killed the first day

1925 – French pianist and composer, Erik Satie, dies

1934 – American director, Sydney Pollack, is born

1942 – Axis troops capture Sevastopol, Crimea, in the Soviet Union

1942 – The Battle of El Alamein begins, bringing Field Marshal Erwin Rommel to a standstill in the battle for control of North Africa during WWII

1945 – The New York State Commission Against Discrimination is established

1947 – State Department official George Kennan, using the pseudonym “Mr. X,” publishes an article entitled “The Sources of Soviet Conduct,” in the July edition of Foreign Affairs, establishing much of the foundation of America’s early Cold War policy

1949 – English and Australian singer, songwriter, and musician, John Farnham, is born

1950 – American ground troops arrive in South Korea to halt the advancing North Korean army

1951 – Cleveland Indians ace Bob Feller pitches the third no-hit game of his career to lead the Indians over the Detroit Tigers 2-1

1961 – British troops land in Kuwait to aid against Iraqi threats

1961 – Diana Frances Spencer, Princess of Wales, is born

1963 – The US Postmaster introduces the ZIP code

1964 – French conductor, Pierre Monteux, dies

1966 – The US Marines launch Operation Holt in an attempt to finish off a Vietcong battalion in Thua Thien Province in Vietnam

1967 – Canadian and American model, actress, producer, author and activist Pamela Anderson is born

1971 – American rapper, songwriter, producer, actress, and dancer, Missy Elliott, is born

1974 – 29th President of Argentina, Juan Peron, dies

1979 – The first Sony Walkman goes on sale

1984 – The Motion Picture Association of America introduces the rating PG-13

1997 – Hong Kong reverts back to Chinese rule

2002 – A Russian Tupolev 154 collides in midair with a Boeing 757 cargo plane over Germany

2003 – A female employee at a Colorado resort goes to police to file sexual misconduct charges against basketball star Kobe Bryant

2004 – American actor, Marlon Brando, dies

2005 – The last Ford Thunderbird is produced

2006 – English cricket player, Fred Trueman, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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