This Day in History - July 11

July 11

  472 – Roman Emperor, Anthemius, dies

1274 – Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland, is born

1302 – An army of French knights, led by the Count of Artois, is routed by Flemish pikemen

1346 – Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected Holy Roman Emperor in Germany

1533 – Henry VIII is excommunicated from the Catholic Church by Pope Clement VII

1656 – Ann Austin and Mary Fisher, two Englishwomen, become the first Quakers to immigrate to the American colonies  when their ship lands at Boston in the Massachusetts Bay Colony

1708 – The French are defeated at Oudenarde, Malplaquet, in the Netherlands by the Duke of Marlborough and Eugene of Savoy

1767 – Sixth President of the US, John Quincy Adams, is born

1782 – The British evacuate Savannah, Georgia and head to Charleston, South Carolina during the American Revolution

1786 – Morocco agrees to stop attacking American ships in the Mediterranean for a payment of $10,000

1799 – An Anglo-Turkish armada bombards Napoleon Bonaparte’s troops in Alexandria to no avail

1804 – Alexander Hamilton is mortally wounded by Aaron Burr in a duel

1838 – US merchant, John Wanamaker, is born

1861 – Union troops under George McClellan score a major victory in the struggle for western Virginia at the Battle of Rich Mountain

1862 – President Abraham Lincoln appoints General Henry Halleck as General-in-Chief of the Federal army

1869 – Tall Bull, a prominent leader of the Cheyenne Dog Soldier warrior society, is killed during the Battle of Summit Springs in Colorado

1899 – Author, E.B. White, is born

1914 – George Herman “Babe” Ruth pitches seven strong innings to lead the Boston Red Sox over the Cleveland Indians in his major league debut

1916 – President Woodrow Wilson signs the Federal Aid Road Act, establishing the national policy for federal aid for highways

1916 – 21st Prime Minister of Australia, Gough Whitlam, is born

1918 – The German High Command decides to go ahead with plans for a renewed assault on the Allies on the Western Front in the summer, even with the deadly influenza epidemic spreading throughout its troops

1922 – The Hollywood Bowl, one of the world’s largest natural amphitheaters, opens with a performance by the Los Angeles Philharmonic

1927 – Physicist, Theodore Maiman, is born

1942 – In the RAF’s longest bombing raid of WWII, 44 British Lancaster bombers attack the Polish port of Danzig

1944 – Count Claus von Stauffenberg, a German army officer, transports a bomb to Adolf Hitler’s headquarters in Bavaria with the intention of assassinating Hitler

1945 – The Soviet Union promises to hand power over to British and US forces in West Berlin

1966 – A Harris survey taken shortly after the bombing raids on the Hanoi-Haiphong area show that 62 percent approved of the raids

1969 – South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu, challenges the National Liberation Front to participate in free elections organized by a joint electoral commission and supervised by an international body

1972 – American forces break the 95-day siege at An Loc in Vietnam

1975 – Archaeologists unearth an army of 8,000 life-size clay figures created more than 2,000 years ago for the Emperor Qin Shi Huang

1975 – American actress and rapper, Lil’ Kim, is born

1978 – A truck carrying liquid gas crashes into a campsite, crowded with vacationers, in San Carlos de la Rapita, Spain, killing more than 200 people and burning many severely

1979 – America’s first space station, Skylab, comes crashing down in parts over Australia and into the Indian Ocean

1986 – French soccer player, Yoann Gourcuff, is born

1989 – English actor, director, and producer, Laurence Olivier, dies

1995 – Full diplomatic relations are established between the US and Vietnam

1998 – Greek writer and translator, Panagiotis Kondylis, dies

2007 – 38th First Lady of the US, wife of Lyndon Johnson, Lady Bird Johnson, dies

2010 – After a two-year manhunt, 19-year-old Colton Harris-Moore aka the Barefoot Bandit, is arrested following a high-speed boat chase in the Bahamas.  Harris-Moore was suspected of stealing an airplane and crash-landing it in the Bahamas after committing scores of burglaries in the US and Canada and had gained a following who viewed him as a hero for his uncanny ability to elude law-enforcement.  He was sentenced to seven years in prison

2010 – American sportscaster, Bob Sheppard, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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