This Day in History - March 9

March 9

141 BC – Liu Che, known as Emperor Wu of Han, takes over the throne of the Han Dynasty

1451- Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci is born

1522 – Martin Luther begins preaching his “Invocavit Sermons” in the German city of Wittenberg, asking citizens to trust God’s word rather than seek violence

1617 – The Treaty of Stolbovo ends the occupation of Northern Russia by the Swedish

1734 – The Russians take Danzig in Poland

1776 – Adam Smith’s economics book “The Wealth of Nations” is published

1781 – Spanish forces begin the siege of British-occupied Pensacola, Florida

1788 – Connecticut becomes the 5th state

1796 – Napoleon Bonaparte marries Josephine de Beauharnais in Paris

1812 – Swedish Pomerania is seized by Napoleon

1820 – Congress passes the Land Act

1824 – Railroad builder who founded Stanford University, Leland Stanford, is born

1825 – Poet, author, and critic, Anna Laetitia Barbauld dies

1839 – The French Academy of Science announces the Daguerreotype photo process

1841 – The Supreme Court frees the rebel slaves who seized the Spanish ship, the Amistad, in 1839, despite Spanish demands for extradition

1847 – US forces under General Winfield Scott invade Mexico south of Vera Cruz

1862 – The first and last battle between the ironclads USS Monitor and CSS Virginia end in a draw

1864 – General Ulysses Grant is appointed commander-in-chief of the Union forces

1890 – Former Soviet Prime Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, is born

1892 – Writer Vita Sackville-West is born

1905 – Biographer Peter Quennell is born

1910 – Composer Samuel Barber is born

1911 – The funding for five new battleships is included in the British military defense budget

1913 – Virginia Woolf’s first novel, The Voyage Out, is delivered to her publisher

1915 – The Germans seize Grodno on the Eastern Front

1915 – Pilot Johnnie Johnson is born

1916 – Mexican bandit Pancho Villa leads 1,500 on a raid of Columbus, NM, killing 17 US soldiers and citizens

1916 – Germany declares war on Portugal

1918 – Crime writer Frank Morrison is born

1918 – The Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party

1930 – Jazz saxophonist Ornette Coleman is born

1931 – The electron microscope is invented by German physicist Ernst Ruska

1932 – Eamon De Valera is elected president of the Irish Free State

1932 – China’s last emperor, Henry Pu Yi, becomes regent of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo

1933 – The special session of Congress known as the “100 days” opens, launching President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal

1934 – Russian cosmonaut and the first man to orbit the Earth, Yuri Gagarin, is born

1936 – The German press warns that all Jews who vote in the upcoming elections will be arrested

1939 – Czech President Emil Hacha ousts pro-German Joseph Tiso as the Premier of Slovakia in order to preserve Czech unity

1940 – Britain frees captured Italian coal ships

1943 – First American world chess champion, Bobby Fischer is born

1945 – Tokyo is firebombed by US warplanes, incinerating nearly 16 square miles

1947 – Novelist Keri Hulme is born

1954 – Republican senators criticize Joseph McCarthy, who terrorized the American people with his “communist scare,” and took action to stop his sensational hearings and investigations

1956 – British authorities arrest and deport Archbishop Makarios from Cypress, accusing him of supporting terrorists

1957 – Egyptian leader Nasser bars UN plans to share the tolls for Suez Canal usage

1959 – The Barbie doll makes her premier at a toy fair in New York City

1961 – Ivan Ivanovich, a human dummy, travels aboard the Sputnik 9 on its test flight, along with the company of a dog, frogs, mice and guinea pigs

1964 – The first Ford Mustang comes off the assembly line

1964 – French actress and dancer Juliette Binoche is born

1964 – US Supreme Court issues a ruling in the N.Y. Times vs Sullivan ruling, where the newspaper, on behalf of a “Committee to Defend Martin Luther King and the Struggle for Freedom in the South,” criticized the Montgomery, Alabama police department using false information and Sullivan, the Montgomery Public Safety commissioner, sued and won a $500,000 judgment against the paper for defamation and libel. This was a landmark case that established the malice standard

1967 – Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Josef Stalin, defects to the US

1968 – General William Westmoreland asks for 206,000 additional troops in Vietnam

1970 – The US Marines turn over control of the five northernmost provinces of South Vietnam to the US Army

1975 – Iraq launches an offensive against the rebellious Kurds

1976 – 43 are killed in Italy when a cable car plunges 160 feet to the ground after the cable snapped, leaving a 14-year old girl as the sole survivor in the deadliest cable car accident in history

1981 – A nuclear accident at Japan Atomic Power Company in Tsuruga, Japan, exposes 59 workers to radiation but the company didn’t disclose the accident to the public. Over a month later, a newspaper caught wind of the story and reported on it, and seaweed in the area was found to contain ten times greater than normal amount of radiation. Fish in the area displayed mutations several years afterward

1985 – The first-ever Adopt-a-Highway sign is erected on Texas’ Highway 69

1986 – Navy divers find the crew compartment of the space shuttle Challenger, along with the remains of the astronauts

1990 – Dr. Antonia Novello was sworn in as the first Hispanic and woman to become the US Surgeon General

1992 – Nobel Prize-winning 6th Prime Minister of Israel, Menachem Begin dies

1994 – Poet Charles Bukowski dies

1996 – Legendary comedian George Burns dies

1997 – Rapper Christopher Wallace, aka Biggie Smalls, aka Notorious B.I.G., is shot to death in Los Angeles and those responsible were never discovered

2011 – The Space Shuttle Discovery completes its final mission, touching down at Kennedy Space Center in Florida

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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